Create a single Azure SQL database using the Azure CLI

The Azure CLI is used to create and manage Azure resources from the command line or in scripts. This guide details using the Azure CLI to deploy an Azure SQL database in an Azure resource group in an Azure SQL Database logical server.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

Launch Azure Cloud Shell

The Azure Cloud Shell is a free Bash shell that you can run directly within the Azure portal. It has the Azure CLI preinstalled and configured to use with your account. Click the Cloud Shell button on the menu in the upper-right of the Azure portal.

Cloud Shell

The button launches an interactive shell that you can use to run all of the steps in this topic:

Screenshot showing the Cloud Shell window in the portal

If you choose to install and use the CLI locally, this topic requires that you are running the Azure CLI version 2.0.4 or later. Run az --version to find the version. If you need to install or upgrade, see Install Azure CLI 2.0.

Define variables

Define variables for use in the scripts in this quick start.

# The data center and resource name for your resources
export resourcegroupname = myResourceGroup
export location = westeurope
# The logical server name: Use a random value or replace with your own value (do not capitalize)
export servername = server-$RANDOM
# Set an admin login and password for your database
export adminlogin = ServerAdmin
export password = ChangeYourAdminPassword1
# The ip address range that you want to allow to access your DB
export startip = ""
export endip = ""
# The database name
export databasename = mySampleDatabase

Create a resource group

Create an Azure resource group using the az group create command. A resource group is a logical container into which Azure resources are deployed and managed as a group. The following example creates a resource group named myResourceGroup in the westeurope location.

az group create --name $resourcegroupname --location $location

Create a logical server

Create an Azure SQL Database logical server using the az sql server create command. A logical server contains a group of databases managed as a group. The following example creates a randomly named server in your resource group with an admin login named ServerAdmin and a password of ChangeYourAdminPassword1. Replace these pre-defined values as desired.

az sql server create --name $servername --resource-group $resourcegroupname --location $location \
    --admin-user $adminlogin --admin-password $password

Configure a server firewall rule

Create an Azure SQL Database server-level firewall rule using the az sql server firewall create command. A server-level firewall rule allows an external application, such as SQL Server Management Studio or the SQLCMD utility to connect to a SQL database through the SQL Database service firewall. In the following example, the firewall is only opened for other Azure resources. To enable external connectivity, change the IP address to an appropriate address for your environment. To open all IP addresses, use as the starting IP address and as the ending address.

az sql server firewall-rule create --resource-group $resourcegroupname --server $servername \
    -n AllowYourIp --start-ip-address $startip --end-ip-address $endip

SQL Database communicates over port 1433. If you are trying to connect from within a corporate network, outbound traffic over port 1433 may not be allowed by your network's firewall. If so, you will not be able to connect to your Azure SQL Database server unless your IT department opens port 1433.

Create a database in the server with sample data

Create a database with an S0 performance level in the server using the az sql db create command. The following example creates a database called mySampleDatabase and loads the AdventureWorksLT sample data into this database. Replace these predefined values as desired (other quick starts in this collection build upon the values in this quick start).

az sql db create --resource-group $resourcegroupname --server $servername \
    --name $databasename --sample-name AdventureWorksLT --service-objective S0

Clean up resources

Other quick starts in this collection build upon this quick start.


If you plan to continue on to work with subsequent quick starts, do not clean up the resources created in this quick start. If you do not plan to continue, use the following steps to delete all resources created by this quick start in the Azure portal.

az group delete --name $resourcegroupname

Next steps

Now that you have a database, you can connect and query using your favorite tools. Learn more by choosing your tool below: