Pass credentials to the Azure DSCExtension handler

This article covers the Desired State Configuration (DSC) extension for Azure. For an overview of the DSC extension handler, see Introduction to the Azure Desired State Configuration extension handler.

Note

This article has been updated to use the new Azure PowerShell Az module. To learn more about the new Az module and AzureRM compatibility, see Introducing the new Azure PowerShell Az module. For installation instructions, see Install Azure PowerShell.

Pass in credentials

As part of the configuration process, you might need to set up user accounts, access services, or install a program in a user context. To do these things, you need to provide credentials.

You can use DSC to set up parameterized configurations. In a parameterized configuration, credentials are passed into the configuration and securely stored in .mof files. The Azure extension handler simplifies credential management by providing automatic management of certificates.

The following DSC configuration script creates a local user account with the specified password:

configuration Main
{
    param(
        [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
        [ValidateNotNullorEmpty()]
        [PSCredential]
        $Credential
    )
    Node localhost {
        User LocalUserAccount
        {
            Username = $Credential.UserName
            Password = $Credential
            Disabled = $false
            Ensure = "Present"
            FullName = "Local User Account"
            Description = "Local User Account"
            PasswordNeverExpires = $true
        }
    }
}

It's important to include node localhost as part of the configuration. The extension handler specifically looks for the node localhost statement. If this statement is missing, the following steps don't work. It's also important to include the typecast [PsCredential]. This specific type triggers the extension to encrypt the credential.

To publish this script to Azure Blob storage:

Publish-AzVMDscConfiguration -ConfigurationPath .\user_configuration.ps1

To set the Azure DSC extension and provide the credential:

$configurationName = 'Main'
$configurationArguments = @{ Credential = Get-Credential }
$configurationArchive = 'user_configuration.ps1.zip'
$vm = Get-AzVM -Name 'example-1'

$vm = Set-AzVMDscExtension -VMName $vm -ConfigurationArchive $configurationArchive -ConfigurationName $configurationName -ConfigurationArgument @configurationArguments

$vm | Update-AzVM

How a credential is secured

Running this code prompts for a credential. After the credential is provided, it's briefly stored in memory. When the credential is published by using the Set-AzVMDscExtension cmdlet, the credential is transmitted over HTTPS to the VM. In the VM, Azure stores the credential encrypted on disk by using the local VM certificate. The credential is briefly decrypted in memory, and then it's re-encrypted to pass it to DSC.

This process is different than using secure configurations without the extension handler. The Azure environment gives you a way to transmit configuration data securely via certificates. When you use the DSC extension handler, you don't need to provide $CertificatePath or a $CertificateID/ $Thumbprint entry in ConfigurationData.

Next steps