This article is part of a wider series to provide you with design considerations and guidelines as you build out an application infrastructure in Azure. You can view the additional topics in the series. Although you can quickly build out a dev/test environment in Azure, there are additional considerations when implementing a production-ready, highly available, and secure environment.
This article walks through building out an example application infrastructure. We detail designing an infrastructure for a simple on-line store that brings together all the guidelines and decisions around naming conventions, availability sets, virtual networks and load balancers, and actually deploying your virtual machines (VMs).
Adventure Works Cycles wants to build an on-line store application in Azure that consists of:
- Two nginx servers running the client front-end in a web tier
- Two nginx servers processing data and orders in an application tier
- Two MongoDB servers part of a sharded cluster for storing product data and orders in a database tier
- Two Active Directory domain controllers for customer accounts and suppliers in an authentication tier
- All the servers are located in two subnets:
- a front-end subnet for the web servers
- a back-end subnet for the application servers, MongoDB cluster, and domain controllers
Incoming secure web traffic must be load-balanced among the web servers as customers browse the on-line store. Order processing traffic in the form of HTTP requests from the web servers must be load-balanced among the application servers. Additionally, the infrastructure must be designed for high availability.
The resulting design must incorporate:
- An Azure subscription and account
- A single resource group
- Azure Managed Disks
- A virtual network with two subnets
- Availability sets for the VMs with a similar role
- Virtual machines
All the above follow these naming conventions:
- Adventure Works Cycles uses [IT workload]-[location]-[Azure resource] as a prefix
- For this example, "azos" (Azure On-line Store) is the IT workload name and "use" (East US 2) is the location
- Virtual networks use AZOS-USE-VN[number]
- Availability sets use azos-use-as-[role]
- Virtual machine names use azos-use-vm-[vmname]
Azure subscriptions and accounts
Adventure Works Cycles is using their Enterprise subscription, named Adventure Works Enterprise Subscription, to provide billing for this IT workload.
Adventure Works Cycles determined that they should use Azure Managed Disks. When creating VMs, both storage available storage tiers are used:
- Standard storage for the web servers, application servers, and domain controllers and their data disks.
- Premium storage for the MongoDB sharded cluster servers and their data disks.
Virtual network and subnets
Because the virtual network does not need ongoing connectivity to the Adventure Work Cycles on-premises network, they decided on a cloud-only virtual network.
They created a cloud-only virtual network with the following settings using the Azure portal:
- Name: AZOS-USE-VN01
- Location: East US 2
- Virtual network address space: 10.0.0.0/8
- First subnet:
- Name: FrontEnd
- Address space: 10.0.1.0/24
- Second subnet:
- Name: BackEnd
- Address space: 10.0.2.0/24
To maintain high availability of all four tiers of their on-line store, Adventure Works Cycles decided on four availability sets:
- azos-use-as-web for the web servers
- azos-use-as-app for the application servers
- azos-use-as-db for the servers in the MongoDB sharded cluster
- azos-use-as-dc for the domain controllers
Adventure Works Cycles decided on the following names for their Azure VMs:
- azos-use-vm-web01 for the first web server
- azos-use-vm-web02 for the second web server
- azos-use-vm-app01 for the first application server
- azos-use-vm-app02 for the second application server
- azos-use-vm-db01 for the first MongoDB server in the cluster
- azos-use-vm-db02 for the second MongoDB server in the cluster
- azos-use-vm-dc01 for the first domain controller
- azos-use-vm-dc02 for the second domain controller
Here is the resulting configuration.
This configuration incorporates:
- A cloud-only virtual network with two subnets (FrontEnd and BackEnd)
- Azure Managed Disks using both Standard and Premium disks
- Four availability sets, one for each tier of the on-line store
- The virtual machines for the four tiers
- An external load balanced set for HTTPS-based web traffic from the Internet to the web servers
- An internal load balanced set for unencrypted web traffic from the web servers to the application servers
- A single resource group