Quickstart: Create a Windows virtual machine in Azure with PowerShell
Applies to: ✔️ Windows VMs
The Azure PowerShell module is used to create and manage Azure resources from the PowerShell command line or in scripts. This quickstart shows you how to use the Azure PowerShell module to deploy a virtual machine (VM) in Azure that runs Windows Server 2016. You will also RDP to the VM and install the IIS web server, to show the VM in action.
If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.
Launch Azure Cloud Shell
The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.
To open the Cloud Shell, just select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to https://shell.azure.com/powershell. Select Copy to copy the blocks of code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and press enter to run it.
Create resource group
Create an Azure resource group with New-AzResourceGroup. A resource group is a logical container into which Azure resources are deployed and managed.
New-AzResourceGroup -Name myResourceGroup -Location EastUS
Create virtual machine
Create a VM with New-AzVM. Provide names for each of the resources and the
New-AzVM cmdlet creates if they don't already exist.
When prompted, provide a username and password to be used as the sign-in credentials for the VM:
New-AzVm ` -ResourceGroupName "myResourceGroup" ` -Name "myVM" ` -Location "East US" ` -VirtualNetworkName "myVnet" ` -SubnetName "mySubnet" ` -SecurityGroupName "myNetworkSecurityGroup" ` -PublicIpAddressName "myPublicIpAddress" ` -OpenPorts 80,3389
Azure provides an default outbound access IP for Azure Virtual Machines which aren't assigned a public IP address, or are in the backend pool of an internal Basic Azure Load Balancer. The default outbound access IP mechanism provides an outbound IP address that isn't configurable.
For more information about default outbound access, see Default outbound access in Azure
The default outbound access IP is disabled when a public IP address is assigned to the virtual machine, or the virtual machine is placed in the backend pool of a Standard Load Balancer with or without outbound rules. If a Azure Virtual Network NAT gateway resource is assigned to the subnet of the virtual machine, the default outbound access IP is disabled.
Virtual machines created by Virtual Machine Scale sets in Flexible Orchestration mode don't have default outbound access.
For more information about outbound connections in Azure, see Using Source Network Address Translation (SNAT) for outbound connections.
Connect to virtual machine
After the deployment has completed, RDP to the VM. To see your VM in action, the IIS web server is then installed.
To see the public IP address of the VM, use the Get-AzPublicIpAddress cmdlet:
Get-AzPublicIpAddress -ResourceGroupName "myResourceGroup" | Select "IpAddress"
Use the following command to create a remote desktop session from your local computer. Replace the IP address with the public IP address of your VM.
In the Windows Security window, select More choices, and then select Use a different account. Type the username as localhost\username, enter password you created for the virtual machine, and then click OK.
You may receive a certificate warning during the sign-in process. Click Yes or Continue to create the connection
Install web server
To see your VM in action, install the IIS web server. Open a PowerShell prompt on the VM and run the following command:
Install-WindowsFeature -name Web-Server -IncludeManagementTools
When done, close the RDP connection to the VM.
View the web server in action
With IIS installed and port 80 now open on your VM from the Internet, use a web browser of your choice to view the default IIS welcome page. Use the public IP address of your VM obtained in a previous step. The following example shows the default IIS web site:
Clean up resources
When no longer needed, you can use the Remove-AzResourceGroup cmdlet to remove the resource group, VM, and all related resources:
Remove-AzResourceGroup -Name myResourceGroup
In this quickstart, you deployed a simple virtual machine, open a network port for web traffic, and installed a basic web server. To learn more about Azure virtual machines, continue to the tutorial for Windows VMs.