This article is written for the classic deployment model. If you're new to Azure, we recommend that you use the Resource Manager deployment model instead. The Resource Manager deployment model is the most current deployment model and offers more options and feature compatibility than the classic deployment model. For more information about the deployment models, see Understanding deployment models.
For the Resource Manager version of this article, select it from the drop-down list below, or from the table of contents on the left.
This article walks you through using PowerShell to add Site-to-Site (S2S) connections to a VPN gateway that has an existing connection. This type of connection is often referred to as a "multi-site" configuration. The steps in this article apply to virtual networks created using the classic deployment model (also known as Service Management). These steps do not apply to ExpressRoute/Site-to-Site coexisting connection configurations.
Deployment models and methods
Azure currently works with two deployment models: Resource Manager and classic. The two models are not completely compatible with each other. Before you begin, you need to know which model that you want to work in. For information about the deployment models, see Understanding deployment models. If you are new to Azure, we recommend that you use the Resource Manager deployment model.
We update this table as new articles and additional tools become available for this configuration. When an article is available, we link directly to it from this table.
|Deployment Model/Method||Azure Portal||Classic Portal||PowerShell|
|Resource Manager||Article||Not Supported||Supported|
|Classic||Not Supported||Not Supported||Article|
You can connect multiple on-premises sites to a single virtual network. This is especially attractive for building hybrid cloud solutions. Creating a multi-site connection to your Azure virtual network gateway is similar to creating other Site-to-Site connections. In fact, you can use an existing Azure VPN gateway, as long as the gateway is dynamic (route-based).
If you already have a static gateway connected to your virtual network, you can change the gateway type to dynamic without needing to rebuild the virtual network in order to accommodate multi-site. Before changing the routing type, make sure that your on-premises VPN gateway supports route-based VPN configurations.
Points to consider
You won't be able to use the portal to make changes to this virtual network. You need to make changes to the network configuration file instead of using the portal. If you make changes in the portal, they'll overwrite your multi-site reference settings for this virtual network.
You should feel comfortable using the network configuration file by the time you've completed the multi-site procedure. However, if you have multiple people working on your network configuration, you'll need to make sure that everyone knows about this limitation. This doesn't mean that you can't use the portal at all. You can use it for everything else, except making configuration changes to this particular virtual network.
Before you begin
Before you begin configuration, verify that you have the following:
- Compatible VPN hardware for each on-premises location. Check About VPN Devices for Virtual Network Connectivity to verify if the device that you want to use is something that is known to be compatible.
- An externally facing public IPv4 IP address for each VPN device. The IP address cannot be located behind a NAT. This is requirement.
- You'll need to install the latest version of the Azure PowerShell cmdlets. Make sure you install the Service Management (SM) version in addition to the Resource Manager version. See How to install and configure Azure PowerShell for more information.
- Someone who is proficient at configuring your VPN hardware. You'll have to have a strong understanding of how to configure your VPN device, or work with someone who does.
- The IP address ranges that you want to use for your virtual network (if you haven't already created one).
- The IP address ranges for each of the local network sites that you'll be connecting to. You'll need to make sure that the IP address ranges for each of the local network sites that you want to connect to do not overlap. Otherwise, the portal or the REST API will reject the configuration being uploaded.
For example, if you have two local network sites that both contain the IP address range 10.2.3.0/24 and you have a package with a destination address 10.2.3.3, Azure wouldn't know which site you want to send the package to because the address ranges are overlapping. To prevent routing issues, Azure doesn't allow you to upload a configuration file that has overlapping ranges.
1. Create a Site-to-Site VPN
If you already have a Site-to-Site VPN with a dynamic routing gateway, great! You can proceed to Export the virtual network configuration settings. If not, do the following:
If you already have a Site-to-Site virtual network, but it has a static (policy-based) routing gateway:
- Change your gateway type to dynamic routing. A multi-site VPN requires a dynamic (also known as route-based) routing gateway. To change your gateway type, you'll need to first delete the existing gateway, then create a new one. For instructions, see How to change the VPN routing type for your gateway.
- Configure your new gateway and create your VPN tunnel. For instructions, see Configure a VPN Gateway in the Azure Classic Portal. First, change your gateway type to dynamic routing.
If you don't have a Site-to-Site virtual network:
- Create your Site-to-Site virtual network using these instructions: Create a Virtual Network with a Site-to-Site VPN Connection in the Azure Classic Portal.
- Configure a dynamic routing gateway using these instructions: Configure a VPN Gateway. Be sure to select dynamic routing for your gateway type.
2. Export the network configuration file
Export your Azure network configuration file by running the following command. You can change the location of the file to export to a different location if necessary.
Get-AzureVNetConfig -ExportToFile C:\AzureNet\NetworkConfig.xml
3. Open the network configuration file
Open the network configuration file that you downloaded in the last step. Use any xml editor that you like. The file should look similar to the following:
<NetworkConfiguration xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/ServiceHosting/2011/07/NetworkConfiguration"> <VirtualNetworkConfiguration> <LocalNetworkSites> <LocalNetworkSite name="Site1"> <AddressSpace> <AddressPrefix>10.0.0.0/16</AddressPrefix> <AddressPrefix>10.1.0.0/16</AddressPrefix> </AddressSpace> <VPNGatewayAddress>22.214.171.124</VPNGatewayAddress> </LocalNetworkSite> <LocalNetworkSite name="Site2"> <AddressSpace> <AddressPrefix>10.2.0.0/16</AddressPrefix> <AddressPrefix>10.3.0.0/16</AddressPrefix> </AddressSpace> <VPNGatewayAddress>126.96.36.199</VPNGatewayAddress> </LocalNetworkSite> </LocalNetworkSites> <VirtualNetworkSites> <VirtualNetworkSite name="VNet1" AffinityGroup="USWest"> <AddressSpace> <AddressPrefix>10.20.0.0/16</AddressPrefix> <AddressPrefix>10.21.0.0/16</AddressPrefix> </AddressSpace> <Subnets> <Subnet name="FE"> <AddressPrefix>10.20.0.0/24</AddressPrefix> </Subnet> <Subnet name="BE"> <AddressPrefix>10.20.1.0/24</AddressPrefix> </Subnet> <Subnet name="GatewaySubnet"> <AddressPrefix>10.20.2.0/29</AddressPrefix> </Subnet> </Subnets> <Gateway> <ConnectionsToLocalNetwork> <LocalNetworkSiteRef name="Site1"> <Connection type="IPsec" /> </LocalNetworkSiteRef> </ConnectionsToLocalNetwork> </Gateway> </VirtualNetworkSite> </VirtualNetworkSites> </VirtualNetworkConfiguration> </NetworkConfiguration>
4. Add multiple site references
When you add or remove site reference information, you'll make configuration changes to the ConnectionsToLocalNetwork/LocalNetworkSiteRef. Adding a new local site reference triggers Azure to create a new tunnel. In the example below, the network configuration is for a single-site connection. Save the file once you have finished making your changes.
<Gateway> <ConnectionsToLocalNetwork> <LocalNetworkSiteRef name="Site1"><Connection type="IPsec" /></LocalNetworkSiteRef> </ConnectionsToLocalNetwork> </Gateway>
To add additional site references (create a multi-site configuration), simply add additional "LocalNetworkSiteRef" lines, as shown in the example below:
<Gateway> <ConnectionsToLocalNetwork> <LocalNetworkSiteRef name="Site1"><Connection type="IPsec" /></LocalNetworkSiteRef> <LocalNetworkSiteRef name="Site2"><Connection type="IPsec" /></LocalNetworkSiteRef> </ConnectionsToLocalNetwork> </Gateway>
5. Import the network configuration file
Import the network configuration file. When you import this file with the changes, the new tunnels will be added. The tunnels will use the dynamic gateway that you created earlier. You can either use the classic portal, or PowerShell to import the file.
6. Download keys
Once your new tunnels have been added, use the PowerShell cmdlet 'Get-AzureVNetGatewayKey' to get the IPsec/IKE pre-shared keys for each tunnel.
Get-AzureVNetGatewayKey –VNetName "VNet1" –LocalNetworkSiteName "Site1" Get-AzureVNetGatewayKey –VNetName "VNet1" –LocalNetworkSiteName "Site2"
If you prefer, you can also use the Get Virtual Network Gateway Shared Key REST API to get the pre-shared keys.
7. Verify your connections
Check the multi-site tunnel status. After downloading the keys for each tunnel, you'll want to verify connections. Use 'Get-AzureVnetConnection' to get a list of virtual network tunnels, as shown in the example below. VNet1 is the name of the VNet.
Get-AzureVnetConnection -VNetName VNET1
ConnectivityState : Connected EgressBytesTransferred : 661530 IngressBytesTransferred : 519207 LastConnectionEstablished : 5/2/2014 2:51:40 PM LastEventID : 23401 LastEventMessage : The connectivity state for the local network site 'Site1' changed from Not Connected to Connected. LastEventTimeStamp : 5/2/2014 2:51:40 PM LocalNetworkSiteName : Site1 OperationDescription : Get-AzureVNetConnection OperationId : 7f68a8e6-51e9-9db4-88c2-16b8067fed7f OperationStatus : Succeeded ConnectivityState : Connected EgressBytesTransferred : 789398 IngressBytesTransferred : 143908 LastConnectionEstablished : 5/2/2014 3:20:40 PM LastEventID : 23401 LastEventMessage : The connectivity state for the local network site 'Site2' changed from Not Connected to Connected. LastEventTimeStamp : 5/2/2014 2:51:40 PM LocalNetworkSiteName : Site2 OperationDescription : Get-AzureVNetConnection OperationId : 7893b329-51e9-9db4-88c2-16b8067fed7f OperationStatus : Succeeded
To learn more about VPN Gateways, see About VPN Gateways.