/Gs (Control Stack Checking Calls)

Controls the threshold for stack probes.

Syntax

/Gs[size]

Arguments

size
(Optional) The number of bytes that local variables can occupy before a stack probe is initiated. No space is allowed between /Gs and size.

Remarks

A stack probe is a sequence of code that the compiler inserts at the beginning of a function call. When initiated, a stack probe reaches benignly into memory by the amount of space that is required to store the function's local variables. This causes the operating system to transparently page in additional stack memory if required, before the rest of the function runs.

By default, the compiler generates code that initiates a stack probe when a function requires more than one page of stack space. This is equivalent to a compiler option of /Gs4096 for x86, x64, ARM, and ARM64 platforms. This value allows an application and the Windows memory manager to increase the amount of memory committed to the program stack dynamically at run time.

Note

The default value of /Gs4096 allows the program stack of applications for Windows to grow correctly at run time. We recommend that you do not change the default value unless you know exactly why you have to change it.

Some programs—for example, virtual device drivers—do not require this default stack-growth mechanism. In such cases, the stack probes are not necessary and you can stop the compiler from generating them by setting size to a value that is larger than any function will require for local variable storage.

/Gs0 initiates stack probes for every function call that requires storage for local variables. This can have a negative impact on performance.

For x64 targets, if the /Gs option is specified without a size argument, it is the same as /Gs0. If the size argument is 1 through 9, warning D9014 is emitted, and the effect is the same as specifying /Gs0.

For x86, ARM, and ARM64 targets, the /Gs option without a size argument is the same as /Gs4096. If the size argument is 1 through 9, warning D9014 is emitted, and the effect is the same as specifying /Gs4096.

For all targets, a size argument between 10 and 2147485647 sets the threshold at the specified value. A size of 2147485648 or greater causes fatal error C1049.

You can turn stack probes on or off by using the check_stack directive. /Gs and the check_stack pragma have no effect on standard C library routines; they affect only the functions you compile.

To set this compiler option in the Visual Studio development environment

  1. Open the project's Property Pages dialog box. For details, see Working with Project Properties.

  2. Select the Configuration Properties > C/C++ > Command Line property page.

  3. Enter the /Gs compiler option and an optional size in Additional Options. Choose OK or Apply to save your changes.

To set this compiler option programmatically

See Also

Compiler Options
Setting Compiler Options