C String Literals

A "string literal" is a sequence of characters from the source character set enclosed in double quotation marks (" "). String literals are used to represent a sequence of characters which, taken together, form a null-terminated string. You must always prefix wide-string literals with the letter L.


string-literal:     " s-char-sequenceopt "     L" s-char-sequenceopt "

s-char-sequence:     s-char     s-char-sequence s-char

s-char:     any member of the source character set except the double quotation mark ("), backslash (\), or newline character     escape-sequence


The example below is a simple string literal:

char *amessage = "This is a string literal.";

All escape codes listed in the Escape Sequences table are valid in string literals. To represent a double quotation mark in a string literal, use the escape sequence \". The single quotation mark (') can be represented without an escape sequence. The backslash (\) must be followed with a second backslash (\\) when it appears within a string. When a backslash appears at the end of a line, it is always interpreted as a line-continuation character.

See Also

Elements of C