putc, putwc

Writes a character to a stream.


int putc(
   int c,
   FILE *stream
wint_t putwc(
   wchar_t c,
   FILE *stream


Character to be written.

Pointer to FILE structure.

Return Value

Returns the character written. To indicate an error or end-of-file condition, putc and putchar return EOF; putwc and putwchar return WEOF. For all four routines, use ferror or feof to check for an error or end of file. If passed a null pointer for stream, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, these functions return EOF or WEOF and set errno to EINVAL.

See _doserrno, errno, _sys_errlist, and _sys_nerr for more information on these, and other, error codes.


The putc routine writes the single character c to the output stream at the current position. Any integer can be passed to putc, but only the lower 8 bits are written. The putchar routine is identical to putc( c, stdout ). For each routine, if a read error occurs, the error indicator for the stream is set. putc and putchar are similar to fputc and _fputchar, respectively, but are implemented both as functions and as macros (see Choosing Between Functions and Macros). putwc and putwchar are wide-character versions of putc and putchar, respectively. putwc and putc behave identically if the stream is opened in ANSI mode. putc doesn't currently support output into a UNICODE stream.

The versions with the _nolock suffix are identical except that they are not protected from interference by other threads. For more information, see _putc_nolock, _putwc_nolock.

By default, this function's global state is scoped to the application. To change this, see Global state in the CRT.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

TCHAR.H routine _UNICODE & _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined
_puttc putc putc putwc


Routine Required header
putc <stdio.h>
putwc <stdio.h> or <wchar.h>

The console is not supported in Universal Windows Platform (UWP) apps. The standard stream handles that are associated with the console, stdin, stdout, and stderr, must be redirected before C run-time functions can use them in UWP apps. For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility.


All versions of the C run-time libraries.


// crt_putc.c
/* This program uses putc to write buffer
* to a stream. If an error occurs, the program
* stops before writing the entire buffer.

#include <stdio.h>

int main( void )
   FILE *stream;
   char *p, buffer[] = "This is the line of output\n";
   int  ch;

   ch = 0;
   /* Make standard out the stream and write to it. */
   stream = stdout;
   for( p = buffer; (ch != EOF) && (*p != '\0'); p++ )
      ch = putc( *p, stream );


This is the line of output

See also

Stream I/O
fputc, fputwc
getc, getwc