strtok_s, _strtok_s_l, wcstok_s, _wcstok_s_l, _mbstok_s, _mbstok_s_l

Finds the next token in a string, by using the current locale or a locale that's passed in. These versions of strtok, _strtok_l, wcstok, _wcstok_l, _mbstok, _mbstok_l have security enhancements, as described in Security Features in the CRT.

Important

_mbstok_s and _mbstok_s_l cannot be used in applications that execute in the Windows Runtime. For more information, see CRT functions not supported in Universal Windows Platform apps.

Syntax

char* strtok_s(
   char* str,
   const char* delimiters,
   char** context
);

char* _strtok_s_l(
   char* str,
   const char* delimiters,
   char** context,
   _locale_t locale
);

wchar_t* wcstok_s(
   wchar_t* str,
   const wchar_t* delimiters,
   wchar_t** context
);

wchar_t *_wcstok_s_l(
   wchar_t* str,
   const wchar_t* delimiters,
   wchar_t** context,
   _locale_t locale
);

unsigned char* _mbstok_s(
   unsigned char* str,
   const unsigned char* delimiters,
   char** context
);

unsigned char* _mbstok_s_l(
   unsigned char* str,
   const unsigned char* delimiters,
   char** context,
   _locale_t locale
);

Parameters

str
A string containing the token or tokens to find.

delimiters
The set of delimiter characters to use.

context
Used to store position information between calls to the function.

locale
The locale to use.

Return Value

Returns a pointer to the next token found in str. Returns NULL when no more tokens are found. Each call modifies str by substituting a null character for the first delimiter that occurs after the returned token.

Error Conditions

str delimiters context Return value errno
NULL any pointer to a null pointer NULL EINVAL
any NULL any NULL EINVAL
any any NULL NULL EINVAL

If str is NULL but context is a pointer to a valid context pointer, there's no error.

Remarks

The strtok_s family of functions finds the next token in str. The set of characters in delimiters specifies possible delimiters of the token to be found in str on the current call. wcstok_s and _mbstok_s are wide-character and multibyte-character versions of strtok_s. The arguments and return values of wcstok_s and _wcstok_s_l are wide-character strings; those of _mbstok_s and _mbstok_s_l are multibyte-character strings. These functions behave identically otherwise.

This function validates its parameters. When an error condition occurs, as in the Error Conditions table, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation. If execution is allowed to continue, these functions set errno to EINVAL and return NULL.

On the first call to strtok_s, the function skips leading delimiters and returns a pointer to the first token in str, terminating the token with a null character. More tokens can be broken out of the remainder of str by a series of calls to strtok_s. Each call to strtok_s modifies str by inserting a null character after the token returned by that call. The context pointer keeps track of which string is being read and where in the string the next token is to be read. To read the next token from str, call strtok_s with a NULL value for the str argument, and pass the same context parameter. The NULL str argument causes strtok_s to search for the next token in the modified str. The delimiters argument can take any value from one call to the next so that the set of delimiters may vary.

Since the context parameter supersedes the static buffers used in strtok and _strtok_l, it's possible to parse two strings simultaneously in the same thread.

The output value is affected by the setting of the LC_CTYPE category setting of the locale. For more information, see setlocale.

The versions of these functions without the _l suffix use the current thread locale for this locale-dependent behavior. The versions with the _l suffix are identical except they instead use the locale specified by the locale parameter. For more information, see Locale.

Requirements

Routine Required header
strtok_s <string.h>
_strtok_s_l <string.h>
wcstok_s,
_wcstok_s_l
<string.h> or <wchar.h>
_mbstok_s,
_mbstok_s_l
<mbstring.h>

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

TCHAR.H routine _UNICODE & _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined
_tcstok_s strtok_s _mbstok_s wcstok_s
_tcstok_s_l _strtok_s_l _mbstok_s_l _wcstok_s_l

Example

// crt_strtok_s.c
// In this program, a loop uses strtok_s
// to print all the tokens (separated by commas
// or blanks) in two strings at the same time.

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

char string1[] =
    "A string\tof ,,tokens\nand some  more tokens";
char string2[] =
    "Another string\n\tparsed at the same time.";
char seps[]   = " ,\t\n";
char *token1 = NULL;
char *token2 = NULL;
char *next_token1 = NULL;
char *next_token2 = NULL;

int main(void)
{
    printf("Tokens:\n");

    // Establish string and get the first token:
    token1 = strtok_s(string1, seps, &next_token1);
    token2 = strtok_s(string2, seps, &next_token2);

    // While there are tokens in "string1" or "string2"
    while ((token1 != NULL) || (token2 != NULL))
    {
        // Get next token:
        if (token1 != NULL)
        {
            printf(" %s\n", token1);
            token1 = strtok_s(NULL, seps, &next_token1);
        }
        if (token2 != NULL)
        {
            printf("        %s\n", token2);
            token2 = strtok_s(NULL, seps, &next_token2);
        }
    }
}
Tokens:
A
        Another
string
        string
of
        parsed
tokens
        at
and
        the
some
        same
more
        time.
tokens

See also

String Manipulation
Locale
Interpretation of Multibyte-Character Sequences
strcspn, wcscspn, _mbscspn, _mbscspn_l
strspn, wcsspn, _mbsspn, _mbsspn_l