Use these functions to get the current time and convert, adjust, and store it as necessary. The current time is the system time.
The _ftime and localtime routines use the TZ environment variable. If TZ is not set, the run-time library attempts to use the time-zone information specified by the operating system. If this information is unavailable, these functions use the default value of PST8PDT. For more information on TZ, see _tzset; also see _daylight, timezone, and _tzname.
|asctime, _wasctime, asctime_s, _wasctime_s||Convert time from type struct tm to character string. The versions of these functions with the _s suffix are more secure.|
|clock||Return elapsed wall-clock time for process.|
|ctime, _ctime32, _ctime64, _wctime, _wctime32, _wctime64, _ctime_s, _ctime32_s, _ctime64_s, _wctime_s, _wctime32_s, _wctime64_s||Convert time from type time_t, __time32_t or __time64_t to character string. The versions of these functions with the _s suffix are more secure.|
|difftime, _difftime32, _difftime64||Compute difference between two times.|
|_ftime, _ftime32, _ftime64,_ftime_s, _ftime32_s, _ftime64_s||Store current system time in variable of type struct _timeb or type struct __timeb64 The versions of these functions with the _s suffix are more secure.|
|_futime, _futime32, _futime64||Set modification time on open file|
|gmtime, _gmtime32, _gmtime64, gmtime_s, _gmtime32_s, _gmtime64_s||Convert time from type time_t to struct tm or from type __time64_t to struct tm.The versions of these functions with the _s suffix are more secure.|
|localtime, _localtime32, _localtime64, localtime_s, _localtime32_s, _localtime64_s||Convert time from type time_t to struct tm or from type __time64_t to struct tm with local correction. The versions of these functions with the _s suffix are more secure.|
|_mkgmtime, _mkgmtime32, _mkgmtime64||Convert time to calendar value in Greenwich Mean Time.|
|mktime, _mktime32, _mktime64||Convert time to calendar value.|
|_strdate, _wstrdate, _strdate_s, _wstrdate_s||Return current system date as string. The versions of these functions with the _s suffix are more secure.|
|strftime, wcsftime, _strftime_l, _wcsftime_l||Format date-and-time string for international use.|
|_strtime, _wstrtime, _strtime_s, _wstrtime_s||Return current system time as string. The versions of these functions with the _s suffix are more secure.|
|time, _time32, _time64||Get current system time as type time_t, __time32_t or as type __time64_t.|
|_tzset||Set external time variables from environment time variable TZ.|
|_utime, _utime32, _utime64, _wutime, _wutime32, _wutime64||Set modification time for specified file using either current time or time value stored in structure.|
In all versions of Microsoft C/C++ except Microsoft C/C++ version 7.0, and in all versions of Visual C++, the time function returns the current time as the number of seconds elapsed since midnight on January 1, 1970. In Microsoft C/C++ version 7.0, time returned the current time as the number of seconds elapsed since midnight on December 31, 1899.
In versions of Visual C++ and Microsoft C/C++ before Visual Studio 2005, time_t was a long int (32 bits) and hence could not be used for dates past 3:14:07 January 19, 2038, UTC. time_t is now equivalent to __time64_t by default, but defining _USE_32BIT_TIME_T changes time_t to __time32_t and forces many time functions to call versions that take the 32-bit time_t. For more information, see Standard Types and comments in the documentation for the individual time functions.