Overloading Unary Operators
The unary operators that can be overloaded are the following:
The postfix increment and decrement operators (
--) are treated separately in Increment and Decrement.
Conversion operators are also discussed in a separate topic; see User-Defined Type Conversions.
The following rules are true of all other unary operators. To declare a unary operator function as a nonstatic member, you must declare it in the form:
where ret-type is the return type and op is one of the operators listed in the preceding table.
To declare a unary operator function as a global function, you must declare it in the form:
operatorop ( arg )
where ret-type and op are as described for member operator functions and the arg is an argument of class type on which to operate.
There is no restriction on the return types of the unary operators. For example, it makes sense for logical NOT (
!) to return an integral value, but this is not enforced.