Returns the standard deviation of a sample population.




Term Definition
columnName The name of an existing column using standard DAX syntax, usually fully qualified. It cannot be an expression.

Return value

A number that represents the standard deviation of a sample population.



  1. STDEV.S assumes that the column refers to a sample of the population. If your data represents the entire population, then compute the standard deviation by using STDEV.P.

  2. STDEV.S uses the following formula:

    √[∑(x - x̃)²/(n-1)]

    where x̃ is the average value of x for the sample population

    and n is the population size

  3. Blank rows are filtered out from columnName and not considered in the calculations.

  4. An error is returned if columnName contains less than 2 non-blank rows.

This DAX function may return different results when used in a model that is deployed and then queried in DirectQuery mode. For more information about semantic differences in DirectQuery mode, see


The following example shows the formula for a measure that calculates the standard deviation of the column, SalesAmount_USD, when the table InternetSales_USD is the sample population.