SqlConnection.RetryLogicProvider Property

Definition

Gets or sets a value that specifies the SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider object bound to this command.

[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
public Microsoft.Data.SqlClient.SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider RetryLogicProvider { get; set; }
public Microsoft.Data.SqlClient.SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider RetryLogicProvider { get; set; }
[<System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)>]
member this.RetryLogicProvider : Microsoft.Data.SqlClient.SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider with get, set
member this.RetryLogicProvider : Microsoft.Data.SqlClient.SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider with get, set
Public Property RetryLogicProvider As SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider

Property Value

SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider

When set to null (default), the default non-retriable provider will be applied.

Attributes

Remarks

You must set the value for this property before opening the connection to take effect.

To apply the retry logic, do the following steps before opening the connection:

  1. Define the configuration parameters by using SqlRetryLogicOption type.
  2. Create a SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider by using one of the following static methods of the SqlConfigurableRetryFactory class:
  3. Assign the SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider object to the RetryLogicProvider property.

Note

Detecting retriable exceptions is a vital part of the retry pattern. Before applying retry logic, it is important to investigate exceptions and choose a retry provider that best fits your scenario. First, log your exceptions and find transient faults.

Note

The connection timeout restarts for each execution of a connection open. There is no timing overlap between these two actions.

Note

The default retry logic provider is not enabled unless it is configured in an application configuration file. For more information, see Configurable retry logic and configuration file.

Example

The following sample tries to open a connection to an invalid database to simulate a condition that the database service is temporarily unavailable . You should manually create the database while the SqlConnection tries to establish the connection.

using Microsoft.Data.SqlClient;

/// Detecting retriable exceptions is a vital part of the retry pattern.
/// Before applying retry logic it is important to investigate exceptions and choose a retry provider that best fits your scenario.
/// First, log your exceptions and find transient faults.
/// The purpose of this sample is to illustrate how to use this feature and the condition might not be realistic.
class RetryLogicSample
{
    private const string DefaultDB = "Northwind";
    private const string CnnStringFormat = "Server=localhost; Initial Catalog={0}; Integrated Security=true; pooling=false;";
    private const string DropDatabaseFormat = "DROP DATABASE {0}";

    // For general use
    private static SqlConnection s_generalConnection = new SqlConnection(string.Format(CnnStringFormat, DefaultDB));

    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        // 1. Define the retry logic parameters
        var options = new SqlRetryLogicOption()
        {
            NumberOfTries = 5,
            MaxTimeInterval = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(20),
            DeltaTime = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1)
        };

        // 2. Create a retry provider
        var provider = SqlConfigurableRetryFactory.CreateExponentialRetryProvider(options);

        // define the retrying event to report the execution attempts
        provider.Retrying += (object s, SqlRetryingEventArgs e) =>
            {
                int attempts = e.RetryCount + 1;
                Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.Yellow;
                Console.WriteLine($"attempt {attempts} - current delay time:{e.Delay} \n");
                Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.DarkGray;
                if (e.Exceptions[e.Exceptions.Count - 1] is SqlException ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine($"{ex.Number}-{ex.Message}\n");
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine($"{e.Exceptions[e.Exceptions.Count - 1].Message}\n");
                }

                // It is not a good practice to do time-consuming tasks inside the retrying event which blocks the running task.
                // Use parallel programming patterns to mitigate it.
                if (e.RetryCount == provider.RetryLogic.NumberOfTries - 1)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("This is the last chance to execute the command before throwing the exception.");
                    Console.WriteLine("Press Enter when you're ready:");
                    Console.ReadLine();
                    Console.WriteLine("continue ...");
                }
            };

        // Open the general connection.
        s_generalConnection.Open();

        try
        {
            // Assume the database is being created and other services are going to connect to it.
            RetryConnection(provider);
        }
        catch
        {
            // exception is thrown if connecting to the database isn't successful.
            throw;
        }
    }

    private static void ExecuteCommand(SqlConnection cn, string command)
    {
        using var cmd = cn.CreateCommand();
        cmd.CommandText = command;
        cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
    }

    private static void RetryConnection(SqlRetryLogicBaseProvider provider)
    {
        // Change this if you already have a database with the same name in your database.
        string dbName = "Invalid_DB_Open";

        // Create a connection to an invalid database.
        using var cnn = new SqlConnection(string.Format(CnnStringFormat, dbName));
        // 3. Assign the `provider` to the connection
        cnn.RetryLogicProvider = provider;
        Console.WriteLine($"Connecting to the [{dbName}] ...");
        // Manually execute the following command in SSMS to create the invalid database while the SqlConnection is attempting to connect to it.
        // >> CREATE DATABASE Invalid_DB_Open;
        Console.WriteLine($"Manually, run the 'CREATE DATABASE {dbName};' in the SQL Server before exceeding the {provider.RetryLogic.NumberOfTries} attempts.");
        // the connection tries to connect to the database 5 times
        Console.WriteLine("The first attempt, before getting into the retry logic.");
        cnn.Open();
        Console.WriteLine($"Connected to the [{dbName}] successfully.");

        cnn.Close();

        // Drop it after test
        ExecuteCommand(s_generalConnection, string.Format(DropDatabaseFormat, dbName));
        Console.WriteLine($"The [{dbName}] is removed.");
    }
}

Applies to