StandardTrainersCatalog.LbfgsPoissonRegression Method

Definition

Overloads

LbfgsPoissonRegression(RegressionCatalog+RegressionTrainers, LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer+Options)

Create LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer using advanced options, which predicts a target using a linear regression model.

LbfgsPoissonRegression(RegressionCatalog+RegressionTrainers, String, String, String, Single, Single, Single, Int32, Boolean)

Create LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer, which predicts a target using a linear regression model.

LbfgsPoissonRegression(RegressionCatalog+RegressionTrainers, LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer+Options)

Create LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer using advanced options, which predicts a target using a linear regression model.

public static Microsoft.ML.Trainers.LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer LbfgsPoissonRegression (this Microsoft.ML.RegressionCatalog.RegressionTrainers catalog, Microsoft.ML.Trainers.LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer.Options options);
static member LbfgsPoissonRegression : Microsoft.ML.RegressionCatalog.RegressionTrainers * Microsoft.ML.Trainers.LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer.Options -> Microsoft.ML.Trainers.LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer

Parameters

catalog
RegressionCatalog.RegressionTrainers

The regression catalog trainer object.

options
LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer.Options

Trainer options.

Returns

Examples

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using Microsoft.ML;
using Microsoft.ML.Data;
using Microsoft.ML.Trainers;

namespace Samples.Dynamic.Trainers.Regression
{
    public static class LbfgsPoissonRegressionWithOptions
    {
        public static void Example()
        {
            // Create a new context for ML.NET operations. It can be used for
            // exception tracking and logging, as a catalog of available operations
            // and as the source of randomness. Setting the seed to a fixed number
            // in this example to make outputs deterministic.
            var mlContext = new MLContext(seed: 0);

            // Create a list of training data points.
            var dataPoints = GenerateRandomDataPoints(1000);

            // Convert the list of data points to an IDataView object, which is
            // consumable by ML.NET API.
            var trainingData = mlContext.Data.LoadFromEnumerable(dataPoints);

            // Define trainer options.
            var options = new LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer.Options
            {
                LabelColumnName = nameof(DataPoint.Label),
                FeatureColumnName = nameof(DataPoint.Features),
                // Reduce optimization tolerance to speed up training at the cost of
                // accuracy.
                OptimizationTolerance = 1e-4f,
                // Decrease history size to speed up training at the cost of
                // accuracy.
                HistorySize = 30,
                // Specify scale for initial weights.
                InitialWeightsDiameter = 0.2f
            };

            // Define the trainer.
            var pipeline =
                mlContext.Regression.Trainers.LbfgsPoissonRegression(options);

            // Train the model.
            var model = pipeline.Fit(trainingData);

            // Create testing data. Use different random seed to make it different
            // from training data.
            var testData = mlContext.Data.LoadFromEnumerable(
                GenerateRandomDataPoints(5, seed: 123));

            // Run the model on test data set.
            var transformedTestData = model.Transform(testData);

            // Convert IDataView object to a list.
            var predictions = mlContext.Data.CreateEnumerable<Prediction>(
                transformedTestData, reuseRowObject: false).ToList();

            // Look at 5 predictions for the Label, side by side with the actual
            // Label for comparison.
            foreach (var p in predictions)
                Console.WriteLine($"Label: {p.Label:F3}, Prediction: {p.Score:F3}");

            // Expected output:
            //   Label: 0.985, Prediction: 1.110
            //   Label: 0.155, Prediction: 0.169
            //   Label: 0.515, Prediction: 0.400
            //   Label: 0.566, Prediction: 0.415
            //   Label: 0.096, Prediction: 0.169

            // Evaluate the overall metrics
            var metrics = mlContext.Regression.Evaluate(transformedTestData);
            PrintMetrics(metrics);

            // Expected output:
            //   Mean Absolute Error: 0.10
            //   Mean Squared Error: 0.01
            //   Root Mean Squared Error: 0.11
            //   RSquared: 0.89 (closer to 1 is better. The worest case is 0)
        }

        private static IEnumerable<DataPoint> GenerateRandomDataPoints(int count,
            int seed=0)
        {
            var random = new Random(seed);
            for (int i = 0; i < count; i++)
            {
                float label = (float)random.NextDouble();
                yield return new DataPoint
                {
                    Label = label,
                    // Create random features that are correlated with the label.
                    Features = Enumerable.Repeat(label, 50).Select(
                        x => x + (float)random.NextDouble()).ToArray()
                };
            }
        }

        // Example with label and 50 feature values. A data set is a collection of
        // such examples.
        private class DataPoint
        {
            public float Label { get; set; }
            [VectorType(50)]
            public float[] Features { get; set; }
        }

        // Class used to capture predictions.
        private class Prediction
        {
            // Original label.
            public float Label { get; set; }
            // Predicted score from the trainer.
            public float Score { get; set; }
        }

        // Print some evaluation metrics to regression problems.
        private static void PrintMetrics(RegressionMetrics metrics)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Mean Absolute Error: " + metrics.MeanAbsoluteError);
            Console.WriteLine("Mean Squared Error: " + metrics.MeanSquaredError);
            Console.WriteLine(
                "Root Mean Squared Error: " + metrics.RootMeanSquaredError);

            Console.WriteLine("RSquared: " + metrics.RSquared);
        }
    }
}

LbfgsPoissonRegression(RegressionCatalog+RegressionTrainers, String, String, String, Single, Single, Single, Int32, Boolean)

Create LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer, which predicts a target using a linear regression model.

public static Microsoft.ML.Trainers.LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer LbfgsPoissonRegression (this Microsoft.ML.RegressionCatalog.RegressionTrainers catalog, string labelColumnName = "Label", string featureColumnName = "Features", string exampleWeightColumnName = null, float l1Regularization = 1, float l2Regularization = 1, float optimizationTolerance = 1E-07, int historySize = 20, bool enforceNonNegativity = false);
static member LbfgsPoissonRegression : Microsoft.ML.RegressionCatalog.RegressionTrainers * string * string * string * single * single * single * int * bool -> Microsoft.ML.Trainers.LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer
<Extension()>
Public Function LbfgsPoissonRegression (catalog As RegressionCatalog.RegressionTrainers, Optional labelColumnName As String = "Label", Optional featureColumnName As String = "Features", Optional exampleWeightColumnName As String = null, Optional l1Regularization As Single = 1, Optional l2Regularization As Single = 1, Optional optimizationTolerance As Single = 1E-07, Optional historySize As Integer = 20, Optional enforceNonNegativity As Boolean = false) As LbfgsPoissonRegressionTrainer

Parameters

catalog
RegressionCatalog.RegressionTrainers

The regression catalog trainer object.

labelColumnName
String

The name of the label column. The column data must be Single.

featureColumnName
String

The name of the feature column. The column data must be a known-sized vector of Single.

exampleWeightColumnName
String

The name of the example weight column (optional).

l1Regularization
Single

The L1 regularization hyperparameter. Higher values will tend to lead to more sparse model.

l2Regularization
Single

The L2 weight for regularization.

optimizationTolerance
Single

Threshold for optimizer convergence.

historySize
Int32

Number of previous iterations to remember for estimating the Hessian. Lower values mean faster but less accurate estimates.

enforceNonNegativity
Boolean

Enforce non-negative weights.

Returns

Examples

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using Microsoft.ML;
using Microsoft.ML.Data;

namespace Samples.Dynamic.Trainers.Regression
{
    public static class LbfgsPoissonRegression
    {
        public static void Example()
        {
            // Create a new context for ML.NET operations. It can be used for
            // exception tracking and logging, as a catalog of available operations
            // and as the source of randomness. Setting the seed to a fixed number
            // in this example to make outputs deterministic.
            var mlContext = new MLContext(seed: 0);

            // Create a list of training data points.
            var dataPoints = GenerateRandomDataPoints(1000);

            // Convert the list of data points to an IDataView object, which is
            // consumable by ML.NET API.
            var trainingData = mlContext.Data.LoadFromEnumerable(dataPoints);

            // Define the trainer.
            var pipeline = mlContext.Regression.Trainers.
                LbfgsPoissonRegression(
                labelColumnName: nameof(DataPoint.Label),
                featureColumnName: nameof(DataPoint.Features));

            // Train the model.
            var model = pipeline.Fit(trainingData);

            // Create testing data. Use different random seed to make it different
            // from training data.
            var testData = mlContext.Data.LoadFromEnumerable(
                GenerateRandomDataPoints(5, seed: 123));

            // Run the model on test data set.
            var transformedTestData = model.Transform(testData);

            // Convert IDataView object to a list.
            var predictions = mlContext.Data.CreateEnumerable<Prediction>(
                transformedTestData, reuseRowObject: false).ToList();

            // Look at 5 predictions for the Label, side by side with the actual
            // Label for comparison.
            foreach (var p in predictions)
                Console.WriteLine($"Label: {p.Label:F3}, Prediction: {p.Score:F3}");

            // Expected output:
            //   Label: 0.985, Prediction: 1.109
            //   Label: 0.155, Prediction: 0.171
            //   Label: 0.515, Prediction: 0.400
            //   Label: 0.566, Prediction: 0.417
            //   Label: 0.096, Prediction: 0.172

            // Evaluate the overall metrics
            var metrics = mlContext.Regression.Evaluate(transformedTestData);
            PrintMetrics(metrics);

            // Expected output:
            //   Mean Absolute Error: 0.07
            //   Mean Squared Error: 0.01
            //   Root Mean Squared Error: 0.08
            //   RSquared: 0.93 (closer to 1 is better. The worest case is 0)
        }

        private static IEnumerable<DataPoint> GenerateRandomDataPoints(int count,
            int seed=0)
        {
            var random = new Random(seed);
            for (int i = 0; i < count; i++)
            {
                float label = (float)random.NextDouble();
                yield return new DataPoint
                {
                    Label = label,
                    // Create random features that are correlated with the label.
                    Features = Enumerable.Repeat(label, 50).Select(
                        x => x + (float)random.NextDouble()).ToArray()
                };
            }
        }

        // Example with label and 50 feature values. A data set is a collection of
        // such examples.
        private class DataPoint
        {
            public float Label { get; set; }
            [VectorType(50)]
            public float[] Features { get; set; }
        }

        // Class used to capture predictions.
        private class Prediction
        {
            // Original label.
            public float Label { get; set; }
            // Predicted score from the trainer.
            public float Score { get; set; }
        }

        // Print some evaluation metrics to regression problems.
        private static void PrintMetrics(RegressionMetrics metrics)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Mean Absolute Error: " + metrics.MeanAbsoluteError);
            Console.WriteLine("Mean Squared Error: " + metrics.MeanSquaredError);
            Console.WriteLine(
                "Root Mean Squared Error: " + metrics.RootMeanSquaredError);

            Console.WriteLine("RSquared: " + metrics.RSquared);
        }
    }
}

Applies to