TransPublication TransPublication TransPublication Class

Definition

Represents a transactional publication.

public ref class TransPublication sealed : Microsoft::SqlServer::Replication::Publication
public sealed class TransPublication : Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication.Publication
Public NotInheritable Class TransPublication
Inherits Publication
Inheritance

Examples

This example creates a transactional publication.

// Set the Publisher, publication database, and publication names.
string publicationName = "AdvWorksProductTran";
string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks2012";
string publisherName = publisherInstance;

ReplicationDatabase publicationDb;
TransPublication publication;

// Create a connection to the Publisher using Windows Authentication.
ServerConnection conn;
conn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);


try
{
	// Connect to the Publisher.
	conn.Connect();

	// Enable the AdventureWorks2012 database for transactional publishing.
	publicationDb = new ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn);

	// If the database exists and is not already enabled, 
	// enable it for transactional publishing.
	if (publicationDb.LoadProperties())
	{
		if (!publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing)
		{
			publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = true;
		}

		// If the Log Reader Agent does not exist, create it.
		if (!publicationDb.LogReaderAgentExists)
		{
			// Specify the Windows account under which the agent job runs.
			// This account will be used for the local connection to the 
			// Distributor and all agent connections that use Windows Authentication.
			publicationDb.LogReaderAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin;
			publicationDb.LogReaderAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword;

			// Explicitly set authentication mode for the Publisher connection
			// to the default value of Windows Authentication.
			publicationDb.LogReaderAgentPublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = true;

			// Create the Log Reader Agent job.
			publicationDb.CreateLogReaderAgent();
		}
	}
	else
	{
		throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
			"The {0} database does not exist at {1}.",
			publicationDb, publisherName));
	}

	// Set the required properties for the transactional publication.
	publication = new TransPublication();
	publication.ConnectionContext = conn;
	publication.Name = publicationName;
	publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;

	// Specify a transactional publication (the default).
	publication.Type = PublicationType.Transactional;

	// Activate the publication so that we can add subscriptions.
	publication.Status = State.Active;

             // Enable push and pull subscriptions and independent Distribition Agents.
             publication.Attributes |= PublicationAttributes.AllowPull;
             publication.Attributes |= PublicationAttributes.AllowPush;
             publication.Attributes |= PublicationAttributes.IndependentAgent;

	// Specify the Windows account under which the Snapshot Agent job runs.
	// This account will be used for the local connection to the 
	// Distributor and all agent connections that use Windows Authentication.
	publication.SnapshotGenerationAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin;
	publication.SnapshotGenerationAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword;

	// Explicitly set the security mode for the Publisher connection
	// Windows Authentication (the default).
	publication.SnapshotGenerationAgentPublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = true;

	if (!publication.IsExistingObject)
	{
		// Create the transactional publication.
		publication.Create();

		// Create a Snapshot Agent job for the publication.
		publication.CreateSnapshotAgent();
	}
	else
	{
		throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
			"The {0} publication already exists.", publicationName));
	}
}

catch (Exception ex)
{
	// Implement custom application error handling here.
	throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
		"The publication {0} could not be created.", publicationName), ex);
}
finally
{
	conn.Disconnect();
}
' Set the Publisher, publication database, and publication names.
Dim publicationName As String = "AdvWorksProductTran"
Dim publicationDbName As String = "AdventureWorks2012"
Dim publisherName As String = publisherInstance

Dim publicationDb As ReplicationDatabase
Dim publication As TransPublication

' Create a connection to the Publisher using Windows Authentication.
Dim conn As ServerConnection
conn = New ServerConnection(publisherName)

Try
    ' Connect to the Publisher.
    conn.Connect()

    ' Enable the AdventureWorks2012 database for transactional publishing.
    publicationDb = New ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn)

    ' If the database exists and is not already enabled, 
    ' enable it for transactional publishing.
    If publicationDb.LoadProperties() Then
        If Not publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing Then
            publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = True
        End If

        ' If the Log Reader Agent does not exist, create it.
        If Not publicationDb.LogReaderAgentExists Then
            ' Specify the Windows account under which the agent job runs.
            ' This account will be used for the local connection to the 
            ' Distributor and all agent connections that use Windows Authentication.
            publicationDb.LogReaderAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin
            publicationDb.LogReaderAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword

            ' Explicitly set authentication mode for the Publisher connection
            ' to the default value of Windows Authentication.
            publicationDb.LogReaderAgentPublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = True

            ' Create the Log Reader Agent job.
            publicationDb.CreateLogReaderAgent()
        End If
    Else
        Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
         "The {0} database does not exist at {1}.", _
         publicationDb, publisherName))
    End If

    ' Set the required properties for the transactional publication.
    publication = New TransPublication()
    publication.ConnectionContext = conn
    publication.Name = publicationName
    publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName

    ' Specify a transactional publication (the default).
    publication.Type = PublicationType.Transactional

    'Enable push and pull subscriptions and independent Distribition Agents.
    publication.Attributes = _
    publication.Attributes Or PublicationAttributes.AllowPull
    publication.Attributes = _
    publication.Attributes Or PublicationAttributes.AllowPush
    publication.Attributes = _
    publication.Attributes Or PublicationAttributes.IndependentAgent

    ' Activate the publication so that we can add subscriptions.
    publication.Status = State.Active

    ' Specify the Windows account under which the Snapshot Agent job runs.
    ' This account will be used for the local connection to the 
    ' Distributor and all agent connections that use Windows Authentication.
    publication.SnapshotGenerationAgentProcessSecurity.Login = winLogin
    publication.SnapshotGenerationAgentProcessSecurity.Password = winPassword

    ' Explicitly set the security mode for the Publisher connection
    ' Windows Authentication (the default).
    publication.SnapshotGenerationAgentPublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = True

    If Not publication.IsExistingObject Then
        ' Create the transactional publication.
        publication.Create()

        ' Create a Snapshot Agent job for the publication.
        publication.CreateSnapshotAgent()
    Else
        Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
            "The {0} publication already exists.", publicationName))
    End If
Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement custom application error handling here.
    Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
        "The publication {0} could not be created.", publicationName), ex)
Finally
    conn.Disconnect()
End Try

This example deletes a transactional publication.

// Define the Publisher, publication database, 
// and publication names.
string publisherName = publisherInstance;
string publicationName = "AdvWorksProductTran";
string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks2012";

TransPublication publication;
ReplicationDatabase publicationDb;

// Create a connection to the Publisher 
// using Windows Authentication.
ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);

try
{
	conn.Connect();

	// Set the required properties for the transactional publication.
	publication = new TransPublication();
	publication.ConnectionContext = conn;
	publication.Name = publicationName;
	publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;

	// Delete the publication, if it exists and has no subscriptions.
	if (publication.LoadProperties() && !publication.HasSubscription)
	{
		publication.Remove();
	}
	else
	{
		// Do something here if the publication does not exist
		// or has subscriptions.
		throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
			"The publication {0} could not be deleted. " +
			"Ensure that the publication exists and that all " +
			"subscriptions have been deleted.",
			publicationName, publisherName));
	}

	// If no other transactional publications exists,
	// disable publishing on the database.
	publicationDb = new ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn);
	if (publicationDb.LoadProperties())
	{
		if (publicationDb.TransPublications.Count == 0)
		{
			publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = false;
		}
	}
	else
	{
		// Do something here if the database does not exist.
		throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
			"The database {0} does not exist on {1}.",
			publicationDbName, publisherName));
	}
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
	// Implement application error handling here.
	throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
		"The publication {0} could not be deleted.",
		publicationName), ex);
}
finally
{
	conn.Disconnect();
}
' Define the Publisher, publication database, 
' and publication names.
Dim publisherName As String = publisherInstance
Dim publicationName As String = "AdvWorksProductTran"
Dim publicationDbName As String = "AdventureWorks2012"

Dim publication As TransPublication
Dim publicationDb As ReplicationDatabase

' Create a connection to the Publisher 
' using Windows Authentication.
Dim conn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(publisherName)

Try
    conn.Connect()

    ' Set the required properties for the transactional publication.
    publication = New TransPublication()
    publication.ConnectionContext = conn
    publication.Name = publicationName
    publication.DatabaseName = publicationDbName

    ' Delete the publication, if it exists and has no subscriptions.
    If publication.LoadProperties() And Not publication.HasSubscription Then
        publication.Remove()
    Else
        ' Do something here if the publication does not exist
        ' or has subscriptions.
        Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
         "The publication {0} could not be deleted. " + _
         "Ensure that the publication exists and that all " + _
         "subscriptions have been deleted.", _
         publicationName, publisherName))
    End If

    ' If no other transactional publications exists,
    ' disable publishing on the database.
    publicationDb = New ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn)
    If publicationDb.LoadProperties() Then
        If publicationDb.TransPublications.Count = 0 Then
            publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = False
        End If
    Else
        ' Do something here if the database does not exist.
        Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
         "The database {0} does not exist on {1}.", _
         publicationDbName, publisherName))
    End If
Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement application error handling here.
    Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
     "The publication {0} could not be deleted.", _
     publicationName), ex)
Finally
    conn.Disconnect()
End Try

Remarks

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Microsoft Visual Basic) members of this type are safe for multithreaded operations. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Constructors

TransPublication() TransPublication() TransPublication()

Creates a new instance of the TransPublication class.

TransPublication(String, String, ServerConnection) TransPublication(String, String, ServerConnection) TransPublication(String, String, ServerConnection)

Creates a new instance of the TransPublication class with the required properties.

TransPublication(String, String, ServerConnection, Boolean) TransPublication(String, String, ServerConnection, Boolean) TransPublication(String, String, ServerConnection, Boolean)

Creates a new instance of the TransPublication class with the required properties, and indicates whether the Snapshot Agent job for the publication is created.

Properties

AltSnapshotFolder AltSnapshotFolder AltSnapshotFolder

Gets or sets the alternate snapshot file location for a publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
Attributes Attributes Attributes

Gets or sets the publication attributes.

(Inherited from Publication)
CachePropertyChanges CachePropertyChanges CachePropertyChanges

Gets or sets whether to cache changes made to the replication properties or to apply them immediately.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
CompatibilityLevel CompatibilityLevel CompatibilityLevel

Gets or sets the earliest version of Microsoft SQL Server running on the Subscribers that the referenced publication can support.

(Inherited from Publication)
ConflictPolicy ConflictPolicy ConflictPolicy

Gets or sets the conflict policy for publications that support updating subscriptions.

ConflictRetention ConflictRetention ConflictRetention

Gets or sets the number of days that conflict data rows are retained in conflict tables.

(Inherited from Publication)
ConnectionContext ConnectionContext ConnectionContext

Gets or sets the connection to an instance of Microsoft SQL Server.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
ContinueOnConflict ContinueOnConflict ContinueOnConflict

Determines whether the Distribution Agent continues to process changes after a conflict is detected.

CreateSnapshotAgentByDefault CreateSnapshotAgentByDefault CreateSnapshotAgentByDefault

Gets or sets if the Snapshot Agent job is added automatically when the publication is created.

(Inherited from Publication)
DatabaseName DatabaseName DatabaseName

Gets or sets the name of the publication database.

(Inherited from Publication)
Description Description Description

Gets or sets a textual description of the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
FtpAddress FtpAddress FtpAddress

Gets or sets the address of the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server computer for publications that allow subscription initialization over FTP.

(Inherited from Publication)
FtpLogin FtpLogin FtpLogin

Gets or sets the login that is used to connect to the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server for publications that allow subscription initialization over FTP.

(Inherited from Publication)
FtpPassword FtpPassword FtpPassword

Sets the password for the login that is used to connect to the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server for publications that allow subscription initialization over FTP.

(Inherited from Publication)
FtpPort FtpPort FtpPort

Gets or sets the port of the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server computer for publications that allow subscription initialization over FTP.

(Inherited from Publication)
FtpSubdirectory FtpSubdirectory FtpSubdirectory

Gets or sets the subdirectory on the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server computer for publications that allow subscription initialization over FTP.

(Inherited from Publication)
HasSubscription HasSubscription HasSubscription

Gets whether the publication has one or more subscriptions.

(Inherited from Publication)
IsExistingObject IsExistingObject IsExistingObject

Gets whether the object exists on the server or not.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
Name Name Name

Gets or sets the name of the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
PeerConflictDetectionEnabled PeerConflictDetectionEnabled PeerConflictDetectionEnabled

Gets whether peer-to-peer conflict detection was enabled by using SetPeerConflictDetection(Boolean, Int32).

PeerOriginatorID PeerOriginatorID PeerOriginatorID

Gets the ID for a node in a peer-to-peer topology; this ID is used for conflict detection if PeerConflictDetectionEnabled is set to true.

PostSnapshotScript PostSnapshotScript PostSnapshotScript

Gets or sets the name and full path of a Transact-SQL script file that is executed after the initial snapshot is applied to the Subscriber.

(Inherited from Publication)
PreSnapshotScript PreSnapshotScript PreSnapshotScript

Gets or sets the name and full path of a Transact-SQL script file that is executed before the initial snapshot is applied to the Subscriber.

(Inherited from Publication)
PubId PubId PubId

Gets the value that uniquely identifies the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
PublisherName PublisherName PublisherName

Gets or sets the name of the non-SQL Server Publisher.

QueueType QueueType QueueType

Gets or sets the type of queue to use for publications that allow queued updating subscriptions.

ReplicateDdl ReplicateDdl ReplicateDdl

Gets or sets the data definition language (DDL) replication options that determine if DDL changes are replicated.

(Inherited from Publication)
RetentionPeriod RetentionPeriod RetentionPeriod

Gets or sets the amount of time before a subscription expires when the subscription is not synchronized with the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
SecureFtpPassword SecureFtpPassword SecureFtpPassword

Sets the password (as a SecureString object) for the login used to connect to the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server for publications that allow subscription initialization over FTP.

(Inherited from Publication)
SnapshotAgentExists SnapshotAgentExists SnapshotAgentExists

Gets if the SQL Server Agent job exists to generate the initial snapshot for this publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
SnapshotAvailable SnapshotAvailable SnapshotAvailable

Gets whether or not the snapshot files for this publication are available for use.

SnapshotGenerationAgentProcessSecurity SnapshotGenerationAgentProcessSecurity SnapshotGenerationAgentProcessSecurity

Gets an object that sets the Windows account under which the Snapshot Agent job runs.

(Inherited from Publication)
SnapshotGenerationAgentPublisherSecurity SnapshotGenerationAgentPublisherSecurity SnapshotGenerationAgentPublisherSecurity

Gets the security context used by the Snapshot Agent to connect to the Publisher.

(Inherited from Publication)
SnapshotJobId SnapshotJobId SnapshotJobId

Gets the Snapshot Agent job ID for the current publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
SnapshotMethod SnapshotMethod SnapshotMethod

Gets or sets the data file format of the initial snapshot.

(Inherited from Publication)
SnapshotSchedule SnapshotSchedule SnapshotSchedule

Gets an object that sets the schedule for the Snapshot Agent for the current publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
SqlServerName SqlServerName SqlServerName

Gets the name of the Microsoft SQL Server instance to which this object is connected.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
Status Status Status

Gets or sets the status of the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
TransArticles TransArticles TransArticles

Represents the articles in the publication.

TransSubscriptions TransSubscriptions TransSubscriptions

Represents subscriptions to the publication.

Type Type Type

Gets or sets the type of publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
UserData UserData UserData

Gets or sets an object property that allows users to attach their own data to the object.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)

Methods

BrowseSnapshotFolder(String, String) BrowseSnapshotFolder(String, String) BrowseSnapshotFolder(String, String)

Returns the complete path of the location where snapshot files were generated for a specific subscription.

CheckValidCreation() CheckValidCreation() CheckValidCreation()

Checks the valid replication creation.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
CheckValidDefinition(Boolean) CheckValidDefinition(Boolean) CheckValidDefinition(Boolean)

Indicates whether to check valid definition.

(Inherited from Publication)
CommitPropertyChanges() CommitPropertyChanges() CommitPropertyChanges()

Sends all the cached property change statements to the instance of Microsoft SQL Server.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
CopySnapshot(String, String, String) CopySnapshot(String, String, String) CopySnapshot(String, String, String)

Copies the latest snapshot files for a specific subscription to a destination folder.

Create() Create() Create()

Creates the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
CreateSnapshotAgent() CreateSnapshotAgent() CreateSnapshotAgent()

Creates the SQL Server Agent job that is used to generate the initial snapshot for the publication, if this job does not already exist.

(Inherited from Publication)
Decouple() Decouple() Decouple()

Decouples the referenced replication object from the server.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
EnumArticles() EnumArticles() EnumArticles()

Returns the articles in the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
EnumPublicationAccesses(Boolean) EnumPublicationAccesses(Boolean) EnumPublicationAccesses(Boolean)

Returns logins that have access to the Publisher.

(Inherited from Publication)
EnumSubscriptions() EnumSubscriptions() EnumSubscriptions()

Returns the subscriptions that subscribe to the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
GetChangeCommand(StringBuilder, String, String) GetChangeCommand(StringBuilder, String, String) GetChangeCommand(StringBuilder, String, String)

Returns the change command from the replication.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
GetCreateCommand(StringBuilder, Boolean, ScriptOptions) GetCreateCommand(StringBuilder, Boolean, ScriptOptions) GetCreateCommand(StringBuilder, Boolean, ScriptOptions)

Returns the create command from the replication.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
GetDropCommand(StringBuilder, Boolean) GetDropCommand(StringBuilder, Boolean) GetDropCommand(StringBuilder, Boolean)

Returns the drop command from the replication.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
GrantPublicationAccess(String) GrantPublicationAccess(String) GrantPublicationAccess(String)

Adds the specified login to the publication access list (PAL).

(Inherited from Publication)
InternalRefresh(Boolean) InternalRefresh(Boolean) InternalRefresh(Boolean)

Initiates an internal refresh from the replication.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
Load() Load() Load()

Loads the properties of an existing object from the server.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
LoadProperties() LoadProperties() LoadProperties()

Loads the properties of an existing object from the server.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown(String, String, SubscriptionSyncType, TransSubscriberType) MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown(String, String, SubscriptionSyncType, TransSubscriberType) MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown(String, String, SubscriptionSyncType, TransSubscriberType)

Registers a pull subscription at the Publisher.

MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown(String, String, SubscriptionSyncType, TransSubscriberType, Boolean) MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown(String, String, SubscriptionSyncType, TransSubscriberType, Boolean) MakePullSubscriptionWellKnown(String, String, SubscriptionSyncType, TransSubscriberType, Boolean)
PostTracerToken() PostTracerToken() PostTracerToken()

Posts a tracer token into the Publisher log to begin the process of determining latency.

Refresh() Refresh() Refresh()

Reloads the properties of the object.

(Inherited from ReplicationObject)
RefreshSubscriptions() RefreshSubscriptions() RefreshSubscriptions()

Updates all subscriptions to a publication to include any newly added articles.

ReinitializeAllSubscriptions() ReinitializeAllSubscriptions() ReinitializeAllSubscriptions()

Marks all subscriptions to the publication for reinitialization.

ReinitializeAllSubscriptions(Boolean) ReinitializeAllSubscriptions(Boolean) ReinitializeAllSubscriptions(Boolean)

Marks all subscriptions to the publication for reinitialization, with the option to invalidate an existing snapshot.

Remove() Remove() Remove()

Removes an existing publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
Remove(Boolean) Remove(Boolean) Remove(Boolean)

Removes an existing publication even if the Distributor cannot be accessed.

(Inherited from Publication)
RemovePullSubscription(String, String) RemovePullSubscription(String, String) RemovePullSubscription(String, String)

Removes the registration for a pull subscription at the Publisher.

ReplicateUserDefinedScript(String) ReplicateUserDefinedScript(String) ReplicateUserDefinedScript(String)

Replicates the execution of a user-defined script to the Subscribers of a specified publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
RevokePublicationAccess(String) RevokePublicationAccess(String) RevokePublicationAccess(String)

Removes the specified login from the publication access list (PAL).

(Inherited from Publication)
Script(ScriptOptions) Script(ScriptOptions) Script(ScriptOptions)

Generates a Transact-SQL script that can be used to re-create the publication as specified by the script options.

(Inherited from Publication)
SetPeerConflictDetection(Boolean, Int32) SetPeerConflictDetection(Boolean, Int32) SetPeerConflictDetection(Boolean, Int32)

Enables or disables conflict detection for a node in a peer-to-peer topology.

StartSnapshotGenerationAgentJob() StartSnapshotGenerationAgentJob() StartSnapshotGenerationAgentJob()

Starts the job that generates the initial snapshot for the publication.

(Inherited from Publication)
StopSnapshotGenerationAgentJob() StopSnapshotGenerationAgentJob() StopSnapshotGenerationAgentJob()

Attempts to stop a running Snapshot Agent job.

(Inherited from Publication)
ValidatePublication(ValidationOption, ValidationMethod, Boolean) ValidatePublication(ValidationOption, ValidationMethod, Boolean) ValidatePublication(ValidationOption, ValidationMethod, Boolean)

Invokes inline publication validation for all subscriptions.

ValidateSubscriptions(String[], String[], ValidationOption, ValidationMethod, Boolean) ValidateSubscriptions(String[], String[], ValidationOption, ValidationMethod, Boolean) ValidateSubscriptions(String[], String[], ValidationOption, ValidationMethod, Boolean)

Invokes inline publication validation for the specified subscription.

Applies to

See Also