CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement Class

Definition

Represents a try block with any number of catch clauses and, optionally, a finally block.

public ref class CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement : System::CodeDom::CodeStatement
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.AutoDispatch)]
[System.Serializable]
public class CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement : System.CodeDom.CodeStatement
type CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement = class
    inherit CodeStatement
Public Class CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement
Inherits CodeStatement
Inheritance
CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement
Attributes

Examples

The following example code demonstrates use of a CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement to define a try...catch...finally statement for exception handling.

// Declares a type to contain a try...catch block.
CodeTypeDeclaration^ type1 = gcnew CodeTypeDeclaration( "TryCatchTest" );

// Defines a method that throws an exception of type System.ApplicationException.
CodeMemberMethod^ method1 = gcnew CodeMemberMethod;
method1->Name = "ThrowApplicationException";
array<CodePrimitiveExpression^>^temp = {gcnew CodePrimitiveExpression( "Test Application Exception" )};
method1->Statements->Add( gcnew CodeThrowExceptionStatement( gcnew CodeObjectCreateExpression( "System.ApplicationException",temp ) ) );
type1->Members->Add( method1 );

// Defines a constructor that calls the ThrowApplicationException method from a try block.
CodeConstructor^ constructor1 = gcnew CodeConstructor;
constructor1->Attributes = MemberAttributes::Public;
type1->Members->Add( constructor1 );

// Defines a try statement that calls the ThrowApplicationException method.
CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement^ try1 = gcnew CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement;
try1->TryStatements->Add( gcnew CodeMethodInvokeExpression( gcnew CodeThisReferenceExpression,"ThrowApplicationException", nullptr ) );
constructor1->Statements->Add( try1 );

// Defines a catch clause for exceptions of type ApplicationException.
CodeCatchClause^ catch1 = gcnew CodeCatchClause( "ex",gcnew CodeTypeReference( "System.ApplicationException" ) );
catch1->Statements->Add( gcnew CodeCommentStatement( "Handle any System.ApplicationException here." ) );
try1->CatchClauses->Add( catch1 );

// Defines a catch clause for any remaining unhandled exception types.
CodeCatchClause^ catch2 = gcnew CodeCatchClause( "ex" );
catch2->Statements->Add( gcnew CodeCommentStatement( "Handle any other exception type here." ) );
try1->CatchClauses->Add( catch2 );

// Defines a finally block by adding to the FinallyStatements collection.
try1->FinallyStatements->Add( gcnew CodeCommentStatement( "Handle any finally block statements." ) );

// A C# code generator produces the following source code for the preceeding example code:
//    public class TryCatchTest 
//    {
//        
//        public TryCatchTest() 
//        {
//            try 
//            {
//                this.ThrowApplicationException();
//            }
//            catch (System.ApplicationException ex) 
//            {
//                // Handle any System.ApplicationException here.
//            }
//            catch (System.Exception ex) 
//            {
//                // Handle any other exception type here.
//            }
//          finally {
//                // Handle any finally block statements.
//            }
//        }
//        
//        private void ThrowApplicationException() 
//        {
//            throw new System.ApplicationException("Test Application Exception");
//        }
//    }
        // Declares a type to contain a try...catch block.
        CodeTypeDeclaration type1 = new CodeTypeDeclaration("TryCatchTest");

        // Defines a method that throws an exception of type System.ApplicationException.
        CodeMemberMethod method1 = new CodeMemberMethod();
        method1.Name = "ThrowApplicationException";
        method1.Statements.Add( new CodeThrowExceptionStatement( 
            new CodeObjectCreateExpression("System.ApplicationException", new CodePrimitiveExpression("Test Application Exception")) ) );
        type1.Members.Add( method1 );

        // Defines a constructor that calls the ThrowApplicationException method from a try block.
        CodeConstructor constructor1 = new CodeConstructor();
        constructor1.Attributes = MemberAttributes.Public;            
        type1.Members.Add( constructor1 );    
    
        // Defines a try statement that calls the ThrowApplicationException method.
        CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement try1 = new CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement();
        try1.TryStatements.Add( new CodeMethodInvokeExpression( new CodeThisReferenceExpression(), "ThrowApplicationException" ) );
        constructor1.Statements.Add( try1 );                    

        // Defines a catch clause for exceptions of type ApplicationException.
        CodeCatchClause catch1 = new CodeCatchClause("ex", new CodeTypeReference("System.ApplicationException"));
        catch1.Statements.Add( new CodeCommentStatement("Handle any System.ApplicationException here.") );
        try1.CatchClauses.Add( catch1 );
        
        // Defines a catch clause for any remaining unhandled exception types.
        CodeCatchClause catch2 = new CodeCatchClause("ex");
        catch2.Statements.Add( new CodeCommentStatement("Handle any other exception type here.") );
        try1.CatchClauses.Add( catch2 );
    
        // Defines a finally block by adding to the FinallyStatements collection.
        try1.FinallyStatements.Add( new CodeCommentStatement("Handle any finally block statements.") );
    
        // A C# code generator produces the following source code for the preceeding example code:

        //    public class TryCatchTest 
        //    {
        //        
        //        public TryCatchTest() 
        //        {
        //            try 
        //            {
        //                this.ThrowApplicationException();
        //            }
        //            catch (System.ApplicationException ex) 
        //            {
        //                // Handle any System.ApplicationException here.
        //            }
        //            catch (System.Exception ex) 
        //            {
        //                // Handle any other exception type here.
        //            }
        //          finally {
        //                // Handle any finally block statements.
        //            }
        //        }
        //        
        //        private void ThrowApplicationException() 
        //        {
        //            throw new System.ApplicationException("Test Application Exception");
        //        }
        //    }

' Declares a type to contain a try...catch block.
Dim type1 As New CodeTypeDeclaration("TryCatchTest")

' Defines a method that throws an exception of type System.ApplicationException.
Dim method1 As New CodeMemberMethod()
method1.Name = "ThrowApplicationException"
method1.Statements.Add(New CodeThrowExceptionStatement( _
    New CodeObjectCreateExpression("System.ApplicationException", New CodePrimitiveExpression("Test Application Exception"))))
type1.Members.Add(method1)

' Defines a constructor that calls the ThrowApplicationException method from a try block.
Dim constructor1 As New CodeConstructor()
constructor1.Attributes = MemberAttributes.Public
type1.Members.Add(constructor1)

' Defines a try statement that calls the ThrowApplicationException method.
Dim try1 As New CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement()
try1.TryStatements.Add(New CodeMethodInvokeExpression(New CodeThisReferenceExpression(), "ThrowApplicationException"))
constructor1.Statements.Add(try1)

' Defines a catch clause for exceptions of type ApplicationException.
Dim catch1 As New CodeCatchClause("ex", New CodeTypeReference("System.ApplicationException"))
catch1.Statements.Add(New CodeCommentStatement("Handle any System.ApplicationException here."))
try1.CatchClauses.Add(catch1)

' Defines a catch clause for any remaining unhandled exception types.
Dim catch2 As New CodeCatchClause("ex")
catch2.Statements.Add(New CodeCommentStatement("Handle any other exception type here."))
try1.CatchClauses.Add(catch2)

' Defines a finally block by adding to the FinallyStatements collection.
try1.FinallyStatements.Add(New CodeCommentStatement("Handle any finally block statements."))

' A Visual Basic code generator produces the following Visual Basic source 
' code for the preceeding example code:

'            '------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'            ' <auto-generated>
'            '     This code was generated by a tool.
'            '     Runtime Version:2.0.50727.42
'            '
'            '     Changes to this file may cause incorrect behavior and will be lost if
'            '     the code is regenerated.
'            ' </auto-generated>
'            '------------------------------------------------------------------------------

'Option Strict Off
'Option Explicit On

'            'Namespace Samples

'            Public Class TryCatchTest

'                Public Sub New()
'                    MyBase.New()
'                    Try
'                        Me.ThrowApplicationException()
'                    Catch ex As System.ApplicationException
'                        'Handle any System.ApplicationException here.
'                    Catch ex As System.Exception
'                        'Handle any other exception type here.
'                    Finally
'                        'Handle any finally block statements.
'                    End Try
'                End Sub

'                Private Sub ThrowApplicationException()
'                    Throw New System.ApplicationException("Test Application Exception")
'                End Sub
'            End Class
'        End Namespace

Remarks

CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement can be used to represent a try/catch block of code.

The TryStatements property contains the statements to execute within a try block. The CatchClauses property contains the catch clauses to handle caught exceptions. The FinallyStatements property contains the statements to execute within a finally block.

Note

Not all languages support try/catch blocks. Call the Supports method with the GeneratorSupport.TryCatchStatements flag to determine whether a code generator supports try/catch blocks.

Constructors

CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement()

Initializes a new instance of the CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement class.

CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement(CodeStatement[], CodeCatchClause[])

Initializes a new instance of the CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement class using the specified statements for try and catch clauses.

CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement(CodeStatement[], CodeCatchClause[], CodeStatement[])

Initializes a new instance of the CodeTryCatchFinallyStatement class using the specified statements for try, catch clauses, and finally statements.

Properties

CatchClauses

Gets the catch clauses to use.

EndDirectives

Gets a CodeDirectiveCollection object that contains end directives.

(Inherited from CodeStatement)
FinallyStatements

Gets the finally statements to use.

LinePragma

Gets or sets the line on which the code statement occurs.

(Inherited from CodeStatement)
StartDirectives

Gets a CodeDirectiveCollection object that contains start directives.

(Inherited from CodeStatement)
TryStatements

Gets the statements to try.

UserData

Gets the user-definable data for the current object.

(Inherited from CodeObject)

Methods

Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to