CompilerError CompilerError CompilerError CompilerError Class

Definition

Represents a compiler error or warning.

public ref class CompilerError
[System.Serializable]
public class CompilerError
type CompilerError = class
Public Class CompilerError
Inheritance
CompilerErrorCompilerErrorCompilerErrorCompilerError
Derived
Attributes

Examples

The following example compiles a CodeDOM program graph and provides an example of how to programmatically access CompilerError data.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::CodeDom;
using namespace System::CodeDom::Compiler;
using namespace Microsoft::CSharp;
CodeCompileUnit^ GetCompileUnit()
{
   
   // Create a compile unit to contain a CodeDOM graph.
   CodeCompileUnit^ cu = gcnew CodeCompileUnit;
   
   // Create a namespace named TestSpace.
   CodeNamespace^ cn = gcnew CodeNamespace( "TestSpace" );
   
   // Declare a new type named TestClass. 
   CodeTypeDeclaration^ cd = gcnew CodeTypeDeclaration( "TestClass" );
   
   // Declare a new member string field named TestField.
   CodeMemberField^ cmf = gcnew CodeMemberField( "System.String","TestField" );
   
   // Add the field to the type.
   cd->Members->Add( cmf );
   
   // Declare a new member method named TestMethod.
   CodeMemberMethod^ cm = gcnew CodeMemberMethod;
   cm->Name = "TestMethod";
   
   // Declare a string variable named TestVariable.
   CodeVariableDeclarationStatement^ cvd = gcnew CodeVariableDeclarationStatement( "System.String1","TestVariable" );
   cm->Statements->Add( cvd );
   
   // Cast the TestField reference expression to string and assign it to the TestVariable.
   CodeAssignStatement^ ca = gcnew CodeAssignStatement( gcnew CodeVariableReferenceExpression( "TestVariable" ),gcnew CodeCastExpression( "System.String2",gcnew CodeFieldReferenceExpression( gcnew CodeThisReferenceExpression,"TestField" ) ) );
   
   // This code can be used to generate the following code in C#:
   //            TestVariable = ((string)(this.TestField));
   cm->Statements->Add( ca );
   
   // Add the TestMethod member to the TestClass type.
   cd->Members->Add( cm );
   
   // Add the TestClass type to the namespace.
   cn->Types->Add( cd );
   
   // Add the TestSpace namespace to the compile unit.
   cu->Namespaces->Add( cn );
   return cu;
}

int main()
{
   
   // Output some program information using Console.WriteLine.
   Console::WriteLine( "This program compiles a CodeDOM program that incorrectly declares multiple data" );
   Console::WriteLine( "types to demonstrate handling compiler errors programmatically." );
   Console::WriteLine( "" );
   
   // Compile the CodeCompileUnit retrieved from the GetCompileUnit() method.
   //CSharpCodeProvider ^ provider = gcnew Microsoft::CSharp::CSharpCodeProvider;
   CodeDomProvider ^ provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("CSharp");
   
   // Initialize a CompilerParameters with the options for compilation.
   array<String^>^assemblies = {"System.dll"};
   CompilerParameters^ options = gcnew CompilerParameters( assemblies,"output.exe" );
   
   // Compile the CodeDOM graph and store the results in a CompilerResults.
   CompilerResults^ results = provider->CompileAssemblyFromDom( options, GetCompileUnit() );
   
   // Compilation produces errors. Print out each error.
   Console::WriteLine( "Listing errors from compilation: " );
   Console::WriteLine( "" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < results->Errors->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( results->Errors[ i ] );
}

using System;
using System.CodeDom;
using System.CodeDom.Compiler;
using Microsoft.CSharp;

namespace CompilerError_Example
{
    public class Class1
    {		
        [STAThread]
        static void Main(string[] args)			
        {
            // Output some program information using Console.WriteLine.
            Console.WriteLine("This program compiles a CodeDOM program that incorrectly declares multiple data");
            Console.WriteLine("types to demonstrate handling compiler errors programmatically.");
            Console.WriteLine("");
                        
            // Compile the CodeCompileUnit retrieved from the GetCompileUnit() method.
            CSharpCodeProvider provider = new Microsoft.CSharp.CSharpCodeProvider();
                                               
            // Initialize a CompilerParameters with the options for compilation.
            string[] assemblies = new String[] {"System.dll"};
            CompilerParameters options = new CompilerParameters( assemblies, "output.exe");

            // Compile the CodeDOM graph and store the results in a CompilerResults.
            CompilerResults results = provider.CompileAssemblyFromDom(options, GetCompileUnit());
                                        
            // Compilation produces errors. Print out each error.
            Console.WriteLine("Listing errors from compilation: ");
            Console.WriteLine("");
                for( int i=0; i<results.Errors.Count; i++)
                Console.WriteLine(results.Errors[i].ToString());			
        }

        public static CodeCompileUnit GetCompileUnit()
        {
            // Create a compile unit to contain a CodeDOM graph.
            CodeCompileUnit cu = new CodeCompileUnit();

            // Create a namespace named TestSpace.
            CodeNamespace cn = new CodeNamespace("TestSpace");		
        
            // Declare a new type named TestClass.	
            CodeTypeDeclaration cd = new CodeTypeDeclaration("TestClass");

            // Declare a new member string field named TestField.
            CodeMemberField cmf = new CodeMemberField("System.String", "TestField");

            // Add the field to the type.
            cd.Members.Add(cmf);

            // Declare a new member method named TestMethod.
            CodeMemberMethod cm = new CodeMemberMethod();
            cm.Name = "TestMethod";

            // Declare a string variable named TestVariable.
            CodeVariableDeclarationStatement cvd = new CodeVariableDeclarationStatement("System.String1", "TestVariable");
            cm.Statements.Add(cvd);

            // Cast the TestField reference expression to string and assign it to the TestVariable.
            CodeAssignStatement ca = new CodeAssignStatement(new CodeVariableReferenceExpression("TestVariable"), 
                new CodeCastExpression("System.String2", new CodeFieldReferenceExpression(new CodeThisReferenceExpression(), "TestField")));

            // This code can be used to generate the following code in C#:
            //            TestVariable = ((string)(this.TestField));

            cm.Statements.Add(ca);
             
            // Add the TestMethod member to the TestClass type.
            cd.Members.Add(cm);
        
            // Add the TestClass type to the namespace.
            cn.Types.Add(cd);
            
            // Add the TestSpace namespace to the compile unit.
            cu.Namespaces.Add(cn);
            return cu;
        }
    }
}
Imports System.CodeDom
Imports System.CodeDom.Compiler
Imports Microsoft.CSharp

Namespace CompilerError_Example
    _
    Class Class1

        Shared Sub Main()
            ' Output some program information using Console.WriteLine.
            Console.WriteLine("This program compiles a CodeDOM program that incorrectly declares multiple data")
            Console.WriteLine("types to demonstrate handling compiler errors programatically.")
            Console.WriteLine("")

            ' Compile the CodeCompileUnit retrieved from the GetCompileUnit() method.
            Dim provider As CodeDomProvider
            provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp")

            ' Initialize a CompilerParameters with the options for compilation.
            Dim assemblies() As String = New [String]() {"System.dll"}
            Dim options As New CompilerParameters(assemblies, "output.exe")

            ' Compile the CodeDOM graph and store the results in a CompilerResults.
            Dim results As CompilerResults = provider.CompileAssemblyFromDom(options, GetCompileUnit())

            ' Compilation produces errors. Print out each error.
            Console.WriteLine("Listing errors from compilation: ")
            Console.WriteLine("")
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To results.Errors.Count - 1
                Console.WriteLine(results.Errors(i).ToString())
            Next i
        End Sub

        Public Shared Function GetCompileUnit() As CodeCompileUnit
            ' Create a compile unit to contain a CodeDOM graph.
            Dim cu As New CodeCompileUnit()

            ' Create a namespace named TestSpace.
            Dim cn As New CodeNamespace("TestSpace")

            ' Declare a new type named TestClass.
            Dim cd As New CodeTypeDeclaration("TestClass")

            ' Declare a new member string field named TestField.
            Dim cmf As New CodeMemberField("System.String", "TestField")

            ' Add the field to the type.
            cd.Members.Add(cmf)

            ' Declare a new member method named TestMethod.
            Dim cm As New CodeMemberMethod()
            cm.Name = "TestMethod"

            ' Declare a string variable named TestVariable.
            Dim cvd As New CodeVariableDeclarationStatement("System.String1", "TestVariable")
            cm.Statements.Add(cvd)

            ' Cast the TestField reference expression to string and assign it to the TestVariable.
            Dim ca As New CodeAssignStatement(New CodeVariableReferenceExpression("TestVariable"), New CodeCastExpression("System.String2", New CodeFieldReferenceExpression(New CodeThisReferenceExpression(), "TestField")))

            ' This code can be used to generate the following code in C#:
            '            TestVariable = ((string)(this.TestField));

            cm.Statements.Add(ca)
            ' Add the TestMethod member to the TestClass type.
            cd.Members.Add(cm)

            ' Add the TestClass type to the namespace.
            cn.Types.Add(cd)
            ' Add the TestSpace namespace to the compile unit.
            cu.Namespaces.Add(cn)
            Return cu
        End Function
    End Class
End Namespace

Remarks

CompilerError represents a compiler error or a warning that has been returned by the compiler.

Note

This class contains an inheritance demand at the class level that applies to all members. A SecurityException is thrown when the derived class does not have full-trust permission. For details about inheritance demands, see Inheritance Demands.

Constructors

CompilerError() CompilerError() CompilerError() CompilerError()

Initializes a new instance of the CompilerError class.

CompilerError(String, Int32, Int32, String, String) CompilerError(String, Int32, Int32, String, String) CompilerError(String, Int32, Int32, String, String) CompilerError(String, Int32, Int32, String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the CompilerError class using the specified file name, line, column, error number, and error text.

Properties

Column Column Column Column

Gets or sets the column number where the source of the error occurs.

ErrorNumber ErrorNumber ErrorNumber ErrorNumber

Gets or sets the error number.

ErrorText ErrorText ErrorText ErrorText

Gets or sets the text of the error message.

FileName FileName FileName FileName

Gets or sets the file name of the source file that contains the code which caused the error.

IsWarning IsWarning IsWarning IsWarning

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the error is a warning.

Line Line Line Line

Gets or sets the line number where the source of the error occurs.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Provides an implementation of Object's ToString() method.

Security

SecurityPermission
for deriving from the CompilerError class. Demand value: InheritanceDemand; PermissionSet: FullTrust.

Applies to

See also