Dictionary<TKey,TValue> Class

Definition

Represents a collection of keys and values.

[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
public class Dictionary<TKey,TValue> : System.Collections.Generic.ICollection<System.Collections.Generic.KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>, System.Collections.Generic.IDictionary<TKey,TValue>, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<System.Collections.Generic.KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyCollection<System.Collections.Generic.KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>, System.Collections.Generic.IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey,TValue>, System.Collections.IDictionary, System.Runtime.Serialization.IDeserializationCallback, System.Runtime.Serialization.ISerializable
Type Parameters
TKey

The type of the keys in the dictionary.

TValue

The type of the values in the dictionary.

Inheritance
Dictionary<TKey,TValue>
Derived
Attributes
Implements

Examples

The following code example creates an empty Dictionary<TKey,TValue> of strings with string keys and uses the Add method to add some elements. The example demonstrates that the Add method throws an ArgumentException when attempting to add a duplicate key.

The example uses the Item[TKey] property (the indexer in C#) to retrieve values, demonstrating that a KeyNotFoundException is thrown when a requested key is not present, and showing that the value associated with a key can be replaced.

The example shows how to use the TryGetValue method as a more efficient way to retrieve values if a program often must try key values that are not in the dictionary, and it shows how to use the ContainsKey method to test whether a key exists before calling the Add method.

The example shows how to enumerate the keys and values in the dictionary and how to enumerate the keys and values alone using the Keys property and the Values property.

Finally, the example demonstrates the Remove method.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

public ref class Example
{
public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // Create a new dictionary of strings, with string keys.
        //
        Dictionary<String^, String^>^ openWith =
            gcnew Dictionary<String^, String^>();

        // Add some elements to the dictionary. There are no
        // duplicate keys, but some of the values are duplicates.
        openWith->Add("txt", "notepad.exe");
        openWith->Add("bmp", "paint.exe");
        openWith->Add("dib", "paint.exe");
        openWith->Add("rtf", "wordpad.exe");

        // The Add method throws an exception if the new key is
        // already in the dictionary.
        try
        {
            openWith->Add("txt", "winword.exe");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException^)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("An element with Key = \"txt\" already exists.");
        }

        // The Item property is another name for the indexer, so you
        // can omit its name when accessing elements.
        Console::WriteLine("For key = \"rtf\", value = {0}.",
            openWith["rtf"]);

        // The indexer can be used to change the value associated
        // with a key.
        openWith["rtf"] = "winword.exe";
        Console::WriteLine("For key = \"rtf\", value = {0}.",
            openWith["rtf"]);

        // If a key does not exist, setting the indexer for that key
        // adds a new key/value pair.
        openWith["doc"] = "winword.exe";

        // The indexer throws an exception if the requested key is
        // not in the dictionary.
        try
        {
            Console::WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.",
                openWith["tif"]);
        }
        catch (KeyNotFoundException^)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Key = \"tif\" is not found.");
        }

        // When a program often has to try keys that turn out not to
        // be in the dictionary, TryGetValue can be a more efficient
        // way to retrieve values.
        String^ value = "";
        if (openWith->TryGetValue("tif", value))
        {
            Console::WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.", value);
        }
        else
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Key = \"tif\" is not found.");
        }

        // ContainsKey can be used to test keys before inserting
        // them.
        if (!openWith->ContainsKey("ht"))
        {
            openWith->Add("ht", "hypertrm.exe");
            Console::WriteLine("Value added for key = \"ht\": {0}",
                openWith["ht"]);
        }

        // When you use foreach to enumerate dictionary elements,
        // the elements are retrieved as KeyValuePair objects.
        Console::WriteLine();
        for each( KeyValuePair<String^, String^> kvp in openWith )
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}",
                kvp.Key, kvp.Value);
        }

        // To get the values alone, use the Values property.
        Dictionary<String^, String^>::ValueCollection^ valueColl =
            openWith->Values;

        // The elements of the ValueCollection are strongly typed
        // with the type that was specified for dictionary values.
        Console::WriteLine();
        for each( String^ s in valueColl )
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Value = {0}", s);
        }

        // To get the keys alone, use the Keys property.
        Dictionary<String^, String^>::KeyCollection^ keyColl =
            openWith->Keys;

        // The elements of the KeyCollection are strongly typed
        // with the type that was specified for dictionary keys.
        Console::WriteLine();
        for each( String^ s in keyColl )
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Key = {0}", s);
        }

        // Use the Remove method to remove a key/value pair.
        Console::WriteLine("\nRemove(\"doc\")");
        openWith->Remove("doc");

        if (!openWith->ContainsKey("doc"))
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Key \"doc\" is not found.");
        }
    }
};

int main()
{
    Example::Main();
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

An element with Key = "txt" already exists.
For key = "rtf", value = wordpad.exe.
For key = "rtf", value = winword.exe.
Key = "tif" is not found.
Key = "tif" is not found.
Value added for key = "ht": hypertrm.exe

Key = txt, Value = notepad.exe
Key = bmp, Value = paint.exe
Key = dib, Value = paint.exe
Key = rtf, Value = winword.exe
Key = doc, Value = winword.exe
Key = ht, Value = hypertrm.exe

Value = notepad.exe
Value = paint.exe
Value = paint.exe
Value = winword.exe
Value = winword.exe
Value = hypertrm.exe

Key = txt
Key = bmp
Key = dib
Key = rtf
Key = doc
Key = ht

Remove("doc")
Key "doc" is not found.
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create a new dictionary of strings, with string keys.
        //
        Dictionary<string, string> openWith = 
            new Dictionary<string, string>();

        // Add some elements to the dictionary. There are no 
        // duplicate keys, but some of the values are duplicates.
        openWith.Add("txt", "notepad.exe");
        openWith.Add("bmp", "paint.exe");
        openWith.Add("dib", "paint.exe");
        openWith.Add("rtf", "wordpad.exe");

        // The Add method throws an exception if the new key is 
        // already in the dictionary.
        try
        {
            openWith.Add("txt", "winword.exe");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("An element with Key = \"txt\" already exists.");
        }

        // The Item property is another name for the indexer, so you 
        // can omit its name when accessing elements. 
        Console.WriteLine("For key = \"rtf\", value = {0}.", 
            openWith["rtf"]);

        // The indexer can be used to change the value associated
        // with a key.
        openWith["rtf"] = "winword.exe";
        Console.WriteLine("For key = \"rtf\", value = {0}.", 
            openWith["rtf"]);

        // If a key does not exist, setting the indexer for that key
        // adds a new key/value pair.
        openWith["doc"] = "winword.exe";

        // The indexer throws an exception if the requested key is
        // not in the dictionary.
        try
        {
            Console.WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.", 
                openWith["tif"]);
        }
        catch (KeyNotFoundException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = \"tif\" is not found.");
        }

        // When a program often has to try keys that turn out not to
        // be in the dictionary, TryGetValue can be a more efficient 
        // way to retrieve values.
        string value = "";
        if (openWith.TryGetValue("tif", out value))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.", value);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = \"tif\" is not found.");
        }

        // ContainsKey can be used to test keys before inserting 
        // them.
        if (!openWith.ContainsKey("ht"))
        {
            openWith.Add("ht", "hypertrm.exe");
            Console.WriteLine("Value added for key = \"ht\": {0}", 
                openWith["ht"]);
        }

        // When you use foreach to enumerate dictionary elements,
        // the elements are retrieved as KeyValuePair objects.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( KeyValuePair<string, string> kvp in openWith )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", 
                kvp.Key, kvp.Value);
        }

        // To get the values alone, use the Values property.
        Dictionary<string, string>.ValueCollection valueColl =
            openWith.Values;

        // The elements of the ValueCollection are strongly typed
        // with the type that was specified for dictionary values.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string s in valueColl )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Value = {0}", s);
        }

        // To get the keys alone, use the Keys property.
        Dictionary<string, string>.KeyCollection keyColl =
            openWith.Keys;

        // The elements of the KeyCollection are strongly typed
        // with the type that was specified for dictionary keys.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string s in keyColl )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}", s);
        }

        // Use the Remove method to remove a key/value pair.
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(\"doc\")");
        openWith.Remove("doc");

        if (!openWith.ContainsKey("doc"))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key \"doc\" is not found.");
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

An element with Key = "txt" already exists.
For key = "rtf", value = wordpad.exe.
For key = "rtf", value = winword.exe.
Key = "tif" is not found.
Key = "tif" is not found.
Value added for key = "ht": hypertrm.exe

Key = txt, Value = notepad.exe
Key = bmp, Value = paint.exe
Key = dib, Value = paint.exe
Key = rtf, Value = winword.exe
Key = doc, Value = winword.exe
Key = ht, Value = hypertrm.exe

Value = notepad.exe
Value = paint.exe
Value = paint.exe
Value = winword.exe
Value = winword.exe
Value = hypertrm.exe

Key = txt
Key = bmp
Key = dib
Key = rtf
Key = doc
Key = ht

Remove("doc")
Key "doc" is not found.
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example
    
    Public Shared Sub Main() 

        ' Create a new dictionary of strings, with string keys.
        '
        Dim openWith As New Dictionary(Of String, String)
        
        ' Add some elements to the dictionary. There are no 
        ' duplicate keys, but some of the values are duplicates.
        openWith.Add("txt", "notepad.exe")
        openWith.Add("bmp", "paint.exe")
        openWith.Add("dib", "paint.exe")
        openWith.Add("rtf", "wordpad.exe")
        
        ' The Add method throws an exception if the new key is 
        ' already in the dictionary.
        Try
            openWith.Add("txt", "winword.exe")
        Catch 
            Console.WriteLine("An element with Key = ""txt"" already exists.")
        End Try

        ' The Item property is the default property, so you 
        ' can omit its name when accessing elements. 
        Console.WriteLine("For key = ""rtf"", value = {0}.", _
            openWith("rtf"))
        
        ' The default Item property can be used to change the value
        ' associated with a key.
        openWith("rtf") = "winword.exe"
        Console.WriteLine("For key = ""rtf"", value = {0}.", _
            openWith("rtf"))
        
        ' If a key does not exist, setting the default Item property
        ' for that key adds a new key/value pair.
        openWith("doc") = "winword.exe"

        ' The default Item property throws an exception if the requested
        ' key is not in the dictionary.
        Try
            Console.WriteLine("For key = ""tif"", value = {0}.", _
                openWith("tif"))
        Catch 
            Console.WriteLine("Key = ""tif"" is not found.")
        End Try

        ' When a program often has to try keys that turn out not to
        ' be in the dictionary, TryGetValue can be a more efficient 
        ' way to retrieve values.
        Dim value As String = ""
        If openWith.TryGetValue("tif", value) Then
            Console.WriteLine("For key = ""tif"", value = {0}.", value)
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Key = ""tif"" is not found.")
        End If

        ' ContainsKey can be used to test keys before inserting 
        ' them.
        If Not openWith.ContainsKey("ht") Then
            openWith.Add("ht", "hypertrm.exe")
            Console.WriteLine("Value added for key = ""ht"": {0}", _
                openWith("ht"))
        End If

        ' When you use foreach to enumerate dictionary elements,
        ' the elements are retrieved as KeyValuePair objects.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each kvp As KeyValuePair(Of String, String) In openWith
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", _
                kvp.Key, kvp.Value)
        Next kvp

        ' To get the values alone, use the Values property.
        Dim valueColl As _
            Dictionary(Of String, String).ValueCollection = _
            openWith.Values
        
        ' The elements of the ValueCollection are strongly typed
        ' with the type that was specified for dictionary values.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each s As String In  valueColl
            Console.WriteLine("Value = {0}", s)
        Next s

        ' To get the keys alone, use the Keys property.
        Dim keyColl As _
            Dictionary(Of String, String).KeyCollection = _
            openWith.Keys
        
        ' The elements of the KeyCollection are strongly typed
        ' with the type that was specified for dictionary keys.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each s As String In  keyColl
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}", s)
        Next s

        ' Use the Remove method to remove a key/value pair.
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf + "Remove(""doc"")")
        openWith.Remove("doc")
        
        If Not openWith.ContainsKey("doc") Then
            Console.WriteLine("Key ""doc"" is not found.")
        End If

    End Sub

End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'An element with Key = "txt" already exists.
'For key = "rtf", value = wordpad.exe.
'For key = "rtf", value = winword.exe.
'Key = "tif" is not found.
'Key = "tif" is not found.
'Value added for key = "ht": hypertrm.exe
'
'Key = txt, Value = notepad.exe
'Key = bmp, Value = paint.exe
'Key = dib, Value = paint.exe
'Key = rtf, Value = winword.exe
'Key = doc, Value = winword.exe
'Key = ht, Value = hypertrm.exe
'
'Value = notepad.exe
'Value = paint.exe
'Value = paint.exe
'Value = winword.exe
'Value = winword.exe
'Value = hypertrm.exe
'
'Key = txt
'Key = bmp
'Key = dib
'Key = rtf
'Key = doc
'Key = ht
'
'Remove("doc")
'Key "doc" is not found.
' 

Remarks

Note

To view the .NET Framework source code for this type, see the Reference Source. You can browse through the source code online, download the reference for offline viewing, and step through the sources (including patches and updates) during debugging; see instructions.

The Dictionary<TKey,TValue> generic class provides a mapping from a set of keys to a set of values. Each addition to the dictionary consists of a value and its associated key. Retrieving a value by using its key is very fast, close to O(1), because the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class is implemented as a hash table.

Note

The speed of retrieval depends on the quality of the hashing algorithm of the type specified for TKey.

As long as an object is used as a key in the Dictionary<TKey,TValue>, it must not change in any way that affects its hash value. Every key in a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> must be unique according to the dictionary's equality comparer. A key cannot be null, but a value can be, if the value type TValue is a reference type.

Dictionary<TKey,TValue> requires an equality implementation to determine whether keys are equal. You can specify an implementation of the IEqualityComparer<T> generic interface by using a constructor that accepts a comparer parameter; if you do not specify an implementation, the default generic equality comparer EqualityComparer<T>.Default is used. If type TKey implements the System.IEquatable<T> generic interface, the default equality comparer uses that implementation.

Note

For example, you can use the case-insensitive string comparers provided by the StringComparer class to create dictionaries with case-insensitive string keys.

The capacity of a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> is the number of elements the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> can hold. As elements are added to a Dictionary<TKey,TValue>, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

For very large Dictionary<TKey,TValue> objects, you can increase the maximum capacity to 2 billion elements on a 64-bit system by setting the enabled attribute of the configuration element to true in the run-time environment.

For purposes of enumeration, each item in the dictionary is treated as a KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue> structure representing a value and its key. The order in which the items are returned is undefined.

The foreach statement of the C# language (for each in C++, For Each in Visual Basic) returns an object of the type of the elements in the collection. Since the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> is a collection of keys and values, the element type is not the type of the key or the type of the value. Instead, the element type is a KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue> of the key type and the value type. For example:

for each(KeyValuePair<String^, String^> kvp in myDictionary)
{
    Console::WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", kvp.Key, kvp.Value);
}
foreach( KeyValuePair<string, string> kvp in myDictionary )
{
    Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", kvp.Key, kvp.Value);
}
For Each kvp As KeyValuePair(Of String, String) In myDictionary
    Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", kvp.Key, kvp.Value)
Next kvp

The foreach statement is a wrapper around the enumerator, which allows only reading from the collection, not writing to it.

Note

Because keys can be inherited and their behavior changed, their absolute uniqueness cannot be guaranteed by comparisons using the Equals method.

Constructors

Dictionary<TKey,TValue>()

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and uses the default equality comparer for the key type.

Dictionary<TKey,TValue>(IDictionary<TKey,TValue>)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class that contains elements copied from the specified IDictionary<TKey,TValue> and uses the default equality comparer for the key type.

Dictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>)
Dictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and uses the specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Dictionary<TKey,TValue>(Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class that is empty, has the specified initial capacity, and uses the default equality comparer for the key type.

Dictionary<TKey,TValue>(IDictionary<TKey,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class that contains elements copied from the specified IDictionary<TKey,TValue> and uses the specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Dictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)
Dictionary<TKey,TValue>(Int32, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class that is empty, has the specified initial capacity, and uses the specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Dictionary<TKey,TValue>(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Initializes a new instance of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class with serialized data.

Properties

Comparer

Gets the IEqualityComparer<T> that is used to determine equality of keys for the dictionary.

Count

Gets the number of key/value pairs contained in the Dictionary<TKey,TValue>.

Item[TKey]

Gets or sets the value associated with the specified key.

Keys

Gets a collection containing the keys in the Dictionary<TKey,TValue>.

Values

Gets a collection containing the values in the Dictionary<TKey,TValue>.

Methods

Add(TKey, TValue)

Adds the specified key and value to the dictionary.

Clear()

Removes all keys and values from the Dictionary<TKey,TValue>.

ContainsKey(TKey)

Determines whether the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> contains the specified key.

ContainsValue(TValue)

Determines whether the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> contains a specific value.

GetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates through the Dictionary<TKey,TValue>.

GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Implements the ISerializable interface and returns the data needed to serialize the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> instance.

OnDeserialization(Object)

Implements the ISerializable interface and raises the deserialization event when the deserialization is complete.

Remove(TKey)

Removes the value with the specified key from the Dictionary<TKey,TValue>.

Remove(TKey, TValue)
TryAdd(TKey, TValue)
TryGetValue(TKey, TValue)

Gets the value associated with the specified key.

Equals(Object) Inherited from Object
Equals(Object, Object) Inherited from Object
GetHashCode() Inherited from Object
GetType() Inherited from Object
MemberwiseClone() Inherited from Object
ReferenceEquals(Object, Object) Inherited from Object
ToString() Inherited from Object

Explicit Interface Implementations

ICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>.Add(KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>)
ICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>.Contains(KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>)
ICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>.CopyTo(KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>[], Int32)
ICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>.IsReadOnly
ICollection<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>.Remove(KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>)
IDictionary<TKey,TValue>.Keys
IDictionary<TKey,TValue>.Values
IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>.GetEnumerator()
IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey,TValue>.Keys
IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey,TValue>.Values
ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

Copies the elements of the ICollection<T> to an array, starting at the specified array index.

ICollection.IsSynchronized

Gets a value indicating whether access to the ICollection is synchronized (thread safe).

ICollection.SyncRoot

Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the ICollection.

IDictionary.Add(Object, Object)

Adds the specified key and value to the dictionary.

IDictionary.Contains(Object)

Determines whether the IDictionary contains an element with the specified key.

IDictionary.GetEnumerator()

Returns an IDictionaryEnumerator for the IDictionary.

IDictionary.IsFixedSize

Gets a value indicating whether the IDictionary has a fixed size.

IDictionary.IsReadOnly

Gets a value indicating whether the IDictionary is read-only.

IDictionary.Item[Object]

Gets or sets the value with the specified key.

IDictionary.Keys

Gets an ICollection containing the keys of the IDictionary.

IDictionary.Remove(Object)

Removes the element with the specified key from the IDictionary.

IDictionary.Values

Gets an ICollection containing the values in the IDictionary.

IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates through the collection.

Extension Methods

GetValueOrDefault<TKey,TValue>(IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey,TValue>, TKey)
GetValueOrDefault<TKey,TValue>(IReadOnlyDictionary<TKey,TValue>, TKey, TValue)
Remove<TKey,TValue>(IDictionary<TKey,TValue>, TKey, TValue)
TryAdd<TKey,TValue>(IDictionary<TKey,TValue>, TKey, TValue)
ToImmutableArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Creates an immutable array from the specified collection.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

Constructs an immutable dictionary from an existing collection of elements, applying a transformation function to the source keys.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Constructs an immutable dictionary based on some transformation of a sequence.

ToImmutableDictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>)

Enumerates a sequence of key/value pairs and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableDictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Enumerates a sequence of key/value pairs and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableDictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

Enumerates a sequence of key/value pairs and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable hash set of its contents.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable hash set of its contents, and uses the specified equality comparer for the set type.

ToImmutableList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable list of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>)

Enumerates a sequence of key/value pairs and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>, IComparer<TKey>)

Enumerates a sequence of key/value pairs and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<TKey,TValue>>, IComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

Enumerates a sequence of key/value pairs and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>)

Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable sorted set of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IComparer<TSource>)

Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable sorted set of its contents, and uses the specified comparer.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Returns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

Copies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

Copies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Aggregate<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TSource,TSource>)

Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>)

Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate,TResult>)

Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.

All<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.

Append<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

Appends a value to the end of the sequence.

AsEnumerable<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.

Average(IEnumerable<Decimal>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values.

Average(IEnumerable<Double>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Double values.

Average(IEnumerable<Int32>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values.

Average(IEnumerable<Int64>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values.

Average(IEnumerable<Nullable<Decimal>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values.

Average(IEnumerable<Nullable<Double>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values.

Average(IEnumerable<Nullable<Int32>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values.

Average(IEnumerable<Nullable<Int64>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values.

Average(IEnumerable<Nullable<Single>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values.

Average(IEnumerable<Single>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Single values.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

Concat<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

Concatenates two sequences.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the number of elements in a sequence.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

ElementAt<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.

ElementAtOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the first element of a sequence.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>)

Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>)

Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>)

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the last element of a sequence.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

Max(IEnumerable<Decimal>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of Decimal values.

Max(IEnumerable<Double>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of Double values.

Max(IEnumerable<Int32>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of Int32 values.

Max(IEnumerable<Int64>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of Int64 values.

Max(IEnumerable<Nullable<Decimal>>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of nullable Decimal values.

Max(IEnumerable<Nullable<Double>>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of nullable Double values.

Max(IEnumerable<Nullable<Int32>>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of nullable Int32 values.

Max(IEnumerable<Nullable<Int64>>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of nullable Int64 values.

Max(IEnumerable<Nullable<Single>>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of nullable Single values.

Max(IEnumerable<Single>)

Returns the maximum value in a sequence of Single values.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.

Max<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.

Min(IEnumerable<Decimal>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of Decimal values.

Min(IEnumerable<Double>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of Double values.

Min(IEnumerable<Int32>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of Int32 values.

Min(IEnumerable<Int64>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of Int64 values.

Min(IEnumerable<Nullable<Decimal>>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of nullable Decimal values.

Min(IEnumerable<Nullable<Double>>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of nullable Double values.

Min(IEnumerable<Nullable<Int32>>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of nullable Int32 values.

Min(IEnumerable<Nullable<Int64>>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of nullable Int64 values.

Min(IEnumerable<Nullable<Single>>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of nullable Single values.

Min(IEnumerable<Single>)

Returns the minimum value in a sequence of Single values.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.

Min<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.

Prepend<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

Adds a value to the beginning of the sequence.

Reverse<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>)

Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.

Skip<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)
SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Sum(IEnumerable<Decimal>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of Decimal values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Double>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of Double values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Int32>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of Int32 values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Int64>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of Int64 values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Nullable<Decimal>>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of nullable Decimal values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Nullable<Double>>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of nullable Double values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Nullable<Int32>>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of nullable Int32 values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Nullable<Int64>>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of nullable Int64 values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Nullable<Single>>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of nullable Single values.

Sum(IEnumerable<Single>)

Computes the sum of a sequence of Single values.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Take<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.

TakeLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)
TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

ToArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)
ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)
ToList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>)

Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Enables parallelization of a query.

AsParallel<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

AsQueryable<TElement>(IEnumerable<TElement>)

Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

AncestorsAndSelf(IEnumerable<XElement>)

Returns a collection of elements that contains every element in the source collection, and the ancestors of every element in the source collection.

AncestorsAndSelf(IEnumerable<XElement>, XName)

Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains every element in the source collection, and the ancestors of every element in the source collection. Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Attributes(IEnumerable<XElement>)

Returns a collection of the attributes of every element in the source collection.

Attributes(IEnumerable<XElement>, XName)

Returns a filtered collection of the attributes of every element in the source collection. Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

DescendantNodesAndSelf(IEnumerable<XElement>)

Returns a collection of nodes that contains every element in the source collection, and the descendant nodes of every element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantsAndSelf(IEnumerable<XElement>)

Returns a collection of elements that contains every element in the source collection, and the descendent elements of every element in the source collection.

DescendantsAndSelf(IEnumerable<XElement>, XName)

Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains every element in the source collection, and the descendents of every element in the source collection. Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove(IEnumerable<XAttribute>)

Removes every attribute in the source collection from its parent element.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

Applies to

Thread Safety

A Dictionary<TKey,TValue> can support multiple readers concurrently, as long as the collection is not modified. Even so, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. In the rare case where an enumeration contends with write accesses, the collection must be locked during the entire enumeration. To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.

For thread-safe alternatives, see the ConcurrentDictionary<TKey,TValue> class or ImmutableDictionary<TKey,TValue> class.

Public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe.

See Also