Stack.CopyTo(Array, Int32) Stack.CopyTo(Array, Int32) Stack.CopyTo(Array, Int32) Method

Definition

Copies the Stack to an existing one-dimensional Array, starting at the specified array index.

public:
 virtual void CopyTo(Array ^ array, int index);
public virtual void CopyTo (Array array, int index);
abstract member CopyTo : Array * int -> unit
override this.CopyTo : Array * int -> unit

Parameters

array
Array Array Array

The one-dimensional Array that is the destination of the elements copied from Stack. The Array must have zero-based indexing.

index
Int32 Int32 Int32

The zero-based index in array at which copying begins.

Implements

Exceptions

array is multidimensional.

-or-

The number of elements in the source Stack is greater than the available space from index to the end of the destination array.

The type of the source Stack cannot be cast automatically to the type of the destination array.

Examples

The following example shows how to copy a Stack into a one-dimensional array.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( Array^ myArr, char mySeparator );
int main()
{
   // Creates and initializes the source Stack.
   Stack^ mySourceQ = gcnew Stack;
   mySourceQ->Push( "barn" );
   mySourceQ->Push( "the" );
   mySourceQ->Push( "in" );
   mySourceQ->Push( "cats" );
   mySourceQ->Push( "napping" );
   mySourceQ->Push( "three" );

   // Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array.
   Array^ myTargetArray = Array::CreateInstance( String::typeid, 15 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "The", 0 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "quick", 1 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "brown", 2 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "fox", 3 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "jumps", 4 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "over", 5 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "the", 6 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "lazy", 7 );
   myTargetArray->SetValue( "dog", 8 );

   // Displays the values of the target Array.
   Console::WriteLine( "The target Array contains the following (before and after copying):" );
   PrintValues( myTargetArray, ' ' );

   // Copies the entire source Stack to the target Array, starting at index 6.
   mySourceQ->CopyTo( myTargetArray, 6 );

   // Displays the values of the target Array.
   PrintValues( myTargetArray, ' ' );

   // Copies the entire source Stack to a new standard array.
   array<Object^>^myStandardArray = mySourceQ->ToArray();

   // Displays the values of the new standard array.
   Console::WriteLine( "The new standard array contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myStandardArray, ' ' );
}

void PrintValues( Array^ myArr, char mySeparator )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myArr->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ myObj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "{0}{1}", mySeparator, myObj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The target Array contains the following (before and after copying):
  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog      
  The quick brown fox jumps over three napping cats in the barn   
 The new standard array contains the following:
  three napping cats in the barn
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesStack  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes the source Stack.
      Stack mySourceQ = new Stack();
      mySourceQ.Push( "barn" );
      mySourceQ.Push( "the" );
      mySourceQ.Push( "in" );
      mySourceQ.Push( "cats" );
      mySourceQ.Push( "napping" );
      mySourceQ.Push( "three" );

      // Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array.
      Array myTargetArray=Array.CreateInstance( typeof(String), 15 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "The", 0 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "quick", 1 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "brown", 2 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "fox", 3 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "jumps", 4 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "over", 5 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "the", 6 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "lazy", 7 );
      myTargetArray.SetValue( "dog", 8 );

      // Displays the values of the target Array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The target Array contains the following (before and after copying):" );
      PrintValues( myTargetArray, ' ' );

      // Copies the entire source Stack to the target Array, starting at index 6.
      mySourceQ.CopyTo( myTargetArray, 6 );

      // Displays the values of the target Array.
      PrintValues( myTargetArray, ' ' );

      // Copies the entire source Stack to a new standard array.
      Object[] myStandardArray = mySourceQ.ToArray();

      // Displays the values of the new standard array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The new standard array contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myStandardArray, ' ' );

   }


   public static void PrintValues( Array myArr, char mySeparator )  {
      foreach ( Object myObj in myArr )  {
         Console.Write( "{0}{1}", mySeparator, myObj );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The target Array contains the following (before and after copying):
 The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog      
 The quick brown fox jumps over three napping cats in the barn   
The new standard array contains the following:
 three napping cats in the barn
*/

Imports System
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesStack    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes the source Stack.
        Dim mySourceQ As New Stack()
        mySourceQ.Push("barn")
        mySourceQ.Push("the")
        mySourceQ.Push("in")
        mySourceQ.Push("cats")
        mySourceQ.Push("napping")
        mySourceQ.Push("three")
        
        ' Creates and initializes the one-dimensional target Array.
        Dim myTargetArray As Array = Array.CreateInstance(GetType(String), 15)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("The", 0)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("quick", 1)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("brown", 2)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("fox", 3)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("jumps", 4)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("over", 5)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("the", 6)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("lazy", 7)
        myTargetArray.SetValue("dog", 8)
        
        ' Displays the values of the target Array.
        Console.WriteLine("The target Array contains the " & _
           "following (before and after copying):")
        PrintValues(myTargetArray, " "c)
        
        ' Copies the entire source Stack to the target Array, starting
        ' at index 6.
        mySourceQ.CopyTo(myTargetArray, 6)
        
        ' Displays the values of the target Array.
        PrintValues(myTargetArray, " "c)
        
        ' Copies the entire source Stack to a new standard array.
        Dim myStandardArray As Object() = mySourceQ.ToArray()
        
        ' Displays the values of the new standard array.
        Console.WriteLine("The new standard array contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myStandardArray, " "c)
    End Sub    
    
    Overloads Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myArr As Array, _
       mySeparator As Char)
       
        Dim myObj As Object
        For Each myObj In  myArr
            Console.Write("{0}{1}", mySeparator, myObj)
        Next myObj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
'
' The target Array contains the following (before and after copying):
'  The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
'  The quick brown fox jumps over three napping cats in the barn
' The new standard array contains the following:
'  three napping cats in the barn 

Remarks

The elements are copied onto the array in last-in-first-out (LIFO) order, similar to the order of the elements returned by a succession of calls to Pop.

This method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

Applies to

See also