ConsoleKey ConsoleKey ConsoleKey ConsoleKey Enum

Definition

Specifies the standard keys on a console.

public enum class ConsoleKey
[Serializable]
public enum ConsoleKey
type ConsoleKey = 
Public Enum ConsoleKey
Inheritance
Attributes
SerializableAttribute

Fields

A A A A 65

The A key.

Add Add Add Add 107

The Add key (the addition key on the numeric keypad).

Applications Applications Applications Applications 93

The Application key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard).

Attention Attention Attention Attention 246

The ATTN key.

B B B B 66

The B key.

Backspace Backspace Backspace Backspace 8

The BACKSPACE key.

BrowserBack BrowserBack BrowserBack BrowserBack 166

The Browser Back key (Windows 2000 or later).

BrowserFavorites BrowserFavorites BrowserFavorites BrowserFavorites 171

The Browser Favorites key (Windows 2000 or later).

BrowserForward BrowserForward BrowserForward BrowserForward 167

The Browser Forward key (Windows 2000 or later).

BrowserHome BrowserHome BrowserHome BrowserHome 172

The Browser Home key (Windows 2000 or later).

BrowserRefresh BrowserRefresh BrowserRefresh BrowserRefresh 168

The Browser Refresh key (Windows 2000 or later).

BrowserSearch BrowserSearch BrowserSearch BrowserSearch 170

The Browser Search key (Windows 2000 or later).

BrowserStop BrowserStop BrowserStop BrowserStop 169

The Browser Stop key (Windows 2000 or later).

C C C C 67

The C key.

Clear Clear Clear Clear 12

The CLEAR key.

CrSel CrSel CrSel CrSel 247

The CRSEL (CURSOR SELECT) key.

D D D D 68

The D key.

D0 D0 D0 D0 48

The 0 key.

D1 D1 D1 D1 49

The 1 key.

D2 D2 D2 D2 50

The 2 key.

D3 D3 D3 D3 51

The 3 key.

D4 D4 D4 D4 52

The 4 key.

D5 D5 D5 D5 53

The 5 key.

D6 D6 D6 D6 54

The 6 key.

D7 D7 D7 D7 55

The 7 key.

D8 D8 D8 D8 56

The 8 key.

D9 D9 D9 D9 57

The 9 key.

Decimal Decimal Decimal Decimal 110

The Decimal key (the decimal key on the numeric keypad).

Delete Delete Delete Delete 46

The DEL (DELETE) key.

Divide Divide Divide Divide 111

The Divide key (the division key on the numeric keypad).

DownArrow DownArrow DownArrow DownArrow 40

The DOWN ARROW key.

E E E E 69

The E key.

End End End End 35

The END key.

Enter Enter Enter Enter 13

The ENTER key.

EraseEndOfFile EraseEndOfFile EraseEndOfFile EraseEndOfFile 249

The ERASE EOF key.

Escape Escape Escape Escape 27

The ESC (ESCAPE) key.

Execute Execute Execute Execute 43

The EXECUTE key.

ExSel ExSel ExSel ExSel 248

The EXSEL (EXTEND SELECTION) key.

F F F F 70

The F key.

F1 F1 F1 F1 112

The F1 key.

F10 F10 F10 F10 121

The F10 key.

F11 F11 F11 F11 122

The F11 key.

F12 F12 F12 F12 123

The F12 key.

F13 F13 F13 F13 124

The F13 key.

F14 F14 F14 F14 125

The F14 key.

F15 F15 F15 F15 126

The F15 key.

F16 F16 F16 F16 127

The F16 key.

F17 F17 F17 F17 128

The F17 key.

F18 F18 F18 F18 129

The F18 key.

F19 F19 F19 F19 130

The F19 key.

F2 F2 F2 F2 113

The F2 key.

F20 F20 F20 F20 131

The F20 key.

F21 F21 F21 F21 132

The F21 key.

F22 F22 F22 F22 133

The F22 key.

F23 F23 F23 F23 134

The F23 key.

F24 F24 F24 F24 135

The F24 key.

F3 F3 F3 F3 114

The F3 key.

F4 F4 F4 F4 115

The F4 key.

F5 F5 F5 F5 116

The F5 key.

F6 F6 F6 F6 117

The F6 key.

F7 F7 F7 F7 118

The F7 key.

F8 F8 F8 F8 119

The F8 key.

F9 F9 F9 F9 120

The F9 key.

G G G G 71

The G key.

H H H H 72

The H key.

Help Help Help Help 47

The HELP key.

Home Home Home Home 36

The HOME key.

I I I I 73

The I key.

Insert Insert Insert Insert 45

The INS (INSERT) key.

J J J J 74

The J key.

K K K K 75

The K key.

L L L L 76

The L key.

LaunchApp1 LaunchApp1 LaunchApp1 LaunchApp1 182

The Start Application 1 key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard, Windows 2000 or later).

LaunchApp2 LaunchApp2 LaunchApp2 LaunchApp2 183

The Start Application 2 key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard, Windows 2000 or later).

LaunchMail LaunchMail LaunchMail LaunchMail 180

The Start Mail key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard, Windows 2000 or later).

LaunchMediaSelect LaunchMediaSelect LaunchMediaSelect LaunchMediaSelect 181

The Select Media key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard, Windows 2000 or later).

LeftArrow LeftArrow LeftArrow LeftArrow 37

The LEFT ARROW key.

LeftWindows LeftWindows LeftWindows LeftWindows 91

The left Windows logo key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard).

M M M M 77

The M key.

MediaNext MediaNext MediaNext MediaNext 176

The Media Next Track key (Windows 2000 or later).

MediaPlay MediaPlay MediaPlay MediaPlay 179

The Media Play/Pause key (Windows 2000 or later).

MediaPrevious MediaPrevious MediaPrevious MediaPrevious 177

The Media Previous Track key (Windows 2000 or later).

MediaStop MediaStop MediaStop MediaStop 178

The Media Stop key (Windows 2000 or later).

Multiply Multiply Multiply Multiply 106

The Multiply key (the multiplication key on the numeric keypad).

N N N N 78

The N key.

NoName NoName NoName NoName 252

A constant reserved for future use.

NumPad0 NumPad0 NumPad0 NumPad0 96

The 0 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad1 NumPad1 NumPad1 NumPad1 97

The 1 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad2 NumPad2 NumPad2 NumPad2 98

The 2 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad3 NumPad3 NumPad3 NumPad3 99

The 3 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad4 NumPad4 NumPad4 NumPad4 100

The 4 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad5 NumPad5 NumPad5 NumPad5 101

The 5 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad6 NumPad6 NumPad6 NumPad6 102

The 6 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad7 NumPad7 NumPad7 NumPad7 103

The 7 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad8 NumPad8 NumPad8 NumPad8 104

The 8 key on the numeric keypad.

NumPad9 NumPad9 NumPad9 NumPad9 105

The 9 key on the numeric keypad.

O O O O 79

The O key.

Oem1 Oem1 Oem1 Oem1 186

The OEM 1 key (OEM specific).

Oem102 Oem102 Oem102 Oem102 226

The OEM 102 key (OEM specific).

Oem2 Oem2 Oem2 Oem2 191

The OEM 2 key (OEM specific).

Oem3 Oem3 Oem3 Oem3 192

The OEM 3 key (OEM specific).

Oem4 Oem4 Oem4 Oem4 219

The OEM 4 key (OEM specific).

Oem5 Oem5 Oem5 Oem5 220

The OEM 5 (OEM specific).

Oem6 Oem6 Oem6 Oem6 221

The OEM 6 key (OEM specific).

Oem7 Oem7 Oem7 Oem7 222

The OEM 7 key (OEM specific).

Oem8 Oem8 Oem8 Oem8 223

The OEM 8 key (OEM specific).

OemClear OemClear OemClear OemClear 254

The CLEAR key (OEM specific).

OemComma OemComma OemComma OemComma 188

The OEM Comma key on any country/region keyboard (Windows 2000 or later).

OemMinus OemMinus OemMinus OemMinus 189

The OEM Minus key on any country/region keyboard (Windows 2000 or later).

OemPeriod OemPeriod OemPeriod OemPeriod 190

The OEM Period key on any country/region keyboard (Windows 2000 or later).

OemPlus OemPlus OemPlus OemPlus 187

The OEM Plus key on any country/region keyboard (Windows 2000 or later).

P P P P 80

The P key.

Pa1 Pa1 Pa1 Pa1 253

The PA1 key.

Packet Packet Packet Packet 231

The PACKET key (used to pass Unicode characters with keystrokes).

PageDown PageDown PageDown PageDown 34

The PAGE DOWN key.

PageUp PageUp PageUp PageUp 33

The PAGE UP key.

Pause Pause Pause Pause 19

The PAUSE key.

Play Play Play Play 250

The PLAY key.

Print Print Print Print 42

The PRINT key.

PrintScreen PrintScreen PrintScreen PrintScreen 44

The PRINT SCREEN key.

Process Process Process Process 229

The IME PROCESS key.

Q Q Q Q 81

The Q key.

R R R R 82

The R key.

RightArrow RightArrow RightArrow RightArrow 39

The RIGHT ARROW key.

RightWindows RightWindows RightWindows RightWindows 92

The right Windows logo key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard).

S S S S 83

The S key.

Select Select Select Select 41

The SELECT key.

Separator Separator Separator Separator 108

The Separator key.

Sleep Sleep Sleep Sleep 95

The Computer Sleep key.

Spacebar Spacebar Spacebar Spacebar 32

The SPACEBAR key.

Subtract Subtract Subtract Subtract 109

The Subtract key (the subtraction key on the numeric keypad).

T T T T 84

The T key.

Tab Tab Tab Tab 9

The TAB key.

U U U U 85

The U key.

UpArrow UpArrow UpArrow UpArrow 38

The UP ARROW key.

V V V V 86

The V key.

VolumeDown VolumeDown VolumeDown VolumeDown 174

The Volume Down key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard, Windows 2000 or later).

VolumeMute VolumeMute VolumeMute VolumeMute 173

The Volume Mute key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard, Windows 2000 or later).

VolumeUp VolumeUp VolumeUp VolumeUp 175

The Volume Up key (Microsoft Natural Keyboard, Windows 2000 or later).

W W W W 87

The W key.

X X X X 88

The X key.

Y Y Y Y 89

The Y key.

Z Z Z Z 90

The Z key.

Zoom Zoom Zoom Zoom 251

The ZOOM key.

Examples

The following example uses the ConsoleKey enumeration to indicate to the user which key the user had pressed.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;

void main()
{
   ConsoleKeyInfo input;
   do {
      Console::WriteLine("Press a key, together with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.");
      Console::WriteLine("Press Esc to exit.");
      input = Console::ReadKey(true);

      StringBuilder^ output = gcnew StringBuilder(
                     String::Format("You pressed {0}", input.Key.ToString()));
      bool modifiers = false;

      if ((input.Modifiers & ConsoleModifiers::Alt) == ConsoleModifiers::Alt) {
         output->Append(", together with " + ConsoleModifiers::Alt.ToString());
         modifiers = true;
      }
      if ((input.Modifiers & ConsoleModifiers::Control) == ConsoleModifiers::Control)
      {
         if (modifiers) {
            output->Append(" and ");
         }   
         else {
            output->Append(", together with ");
            modifiers = true;
         }
         output->Append(ConsoleModifiers::Control.ToString());
      }
      if ((input.Modifiers & ConsoleModifiers::Shift) == ConsoleModifiers::Shift)
      {
         if (modifiers) {
            output->Append(" and ");
         }   
         else {
            output->Append(", together with ");
            modifiers = true;
         }
         output->Append(ConsoleModifiers::Shift.ToString());
      }
      output->Append(".");                  
      Console::WriteLine(output->ToString());
      Console::WriteLine();
   } while (input.Key != ConsoleKey::Escape);
}
// The output from a sample console session might appear as follows:
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed D.
//       
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed X, along with Shift.
//       
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed L, along with Control and Shift.
//       
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed P, along with Alt and Control and Shift.
//       
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed Escape. 
using System;
using System.Text;

public class ConsoleKeyExample
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      ConsoleKeyInfo input;
      do {
         Console.WriteLine("Press a key, together with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.");
         Console.WriteLine("Press Esc to exit.");
         input = Console.ReadKey(true);

         StringBuilder output = new StringBuilder(
                       String.Format("You pressed {0}", input.Key.ToString()));
         bool modifiers = false;
         
         if ((input.Modifiers & ConsoleModifiers.Alt) == ConsoleModifiers.Alt) {
            output.Append(", together with " + ConsoleModifiers.Alt.ToString());
            modifiers = true;
         }
         if ((input.Modifiers & ConsoleModifiers.Control) == ConsoleModifiers.Control)
         {
            if (modifiers) {
               output.Append(" and ");
            }   
            else {
               output.Append(", together with ");
               modifiers = true;
            }
            output.Append(ConsoleModifiers.Control.ToString());
         }
         if ((input.Modifiers & ConsoleModifiers.Shift) == ConsoleModifiers.Shift)
         {
            if (modifiers) {
               output.Append(" and ");
            }   
            else {
               output.Append(", together with ");
               modifiers = true;
            }
            output.Append(ConsoleModifiers.Shift.ToString());
         }
         output.Append(".");                  
         Console.WriteLine(output.ToString());
         Console.WriteLine();
      } while (input.Key != ConsoleKey.Escape);
   }
}
// The output from a sample console session might appear as follows:
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed D.
//       
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed X, along with Shift.
//       
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed L, along with Control and Shift.
//       
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed P, along with Alt and Control and Shift.
//       
//       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
//       Press Esc to exit.
//       You pressed Escape. 
Imports System.Text

Module ConsoleKeyExample

   Public Sub Main()
      Dim input As ConsoleKeyInfo
      Do 
         Console.WriteLine("Press a key, together with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.")
         Console.WriteLine("Press Esc to exit.")
         input = Console.ReadKey(True)

         Dim output As New StringBuilder(String.Format("You pressed {0}", input.Key.ToString()))
         Dim modifiers As Boolean

         If (input.Modifiers And ConsoleModifiers.Alt) = ConsoleModifiers.Alt Then
            output.Append(", together with " + ConsoleModifiers.Alt.ToString())
            modifiers = True
         End If
         If (input.Modifiers And ConsoleModifiers.Control) = ConsoleModifiers.Control Then
            If modifiers Then
               output.Append(" and ")
            Else
               output.Append(", together with ")
               modifiers = True
            End If
            output.Append(ConsoleModifiers.Control.ToString)
         End If
         If (input.Modifiers And ConsoleModifiers.Shift) = ConsoleModifiers.Shift Then
            If modifiers Then
               output.Append(" and ")
            Else
               output.Append(", together with ")
            End If
            output.Append(ConsoleModifiers.Shift.ToString)
         End If
         output.Append(".")                  
         Console.WriteLine(output.ToString())
         Console.WriteLine()
      Loop While input.Key <> ConsoleKey.Escape        
   End Sub
End Module
' The output from a sample console session might appear as follows:
'       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
'       Press Esc to exit.
'       You pressed D.
'       
'       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
'       Press Esc to exit.
'       You pressed X, along with Shift.
'       
'       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
'       Press Esc to exit.
'       You pressed L, along with Control and Shift.
'       
'       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
'       Press Esc to exit.
'       You pressed P, along with Alt and Control and Shift.
'       
'       Press a key, along with Alt, Ctrl, or Shift.
'       Press Esc to exit.
'       You pressed Escape. 

Remarks

The ConsoleKey enumeration is typically used in the nfo structure, which is returned by the Console.ReadKey method to indicate which key on the console has been pressed.

Applies to