OleDbConnection OleDbConnection OleDbConnection OleDbConnection Class

Definition

Represents an open connection to a data source.

public ref class OleDbConnection sealed : System::Data::Common::DbConnection, ICloneable, IDisposable
public sealed class OleDbConnection : System.Data.Common.DbConnection, ICloneable, IDisposable
type OleDbConnection = class
    inherit DbConnection
    interface ICloneable
    interface IDbConnection
    interface IDisposable
Public NotInheritable Class OleDbConnection
Inherits DbConnection
Implements ICloneable, IDisposable
Inheritance
Implements

Examples

The following example creates an OleDbCommand and an OleDbConnection. The OleDbConnection is opened and set as the Connection for the OleDbCommand. The example then calls ExecuteNonQuery and closes the connection. To accomplish this, ExecuteNonQuery is passed a connection string and a query string that is an SQL INSERT statement.

public void InsertRow(string connectionString, string insertSQL)
{
    using (OleDbConnection connection = new OleDbConnection(connectionString))
    {
        // The insertSQL string contains a SQL statement that
        // inserts a new row in the source table.
        OleDbCommand command = new OleDbCommand(insertSQL);

        // Set the Connection to the new OleDbConnection.
        command.Connection = connection;

        // Open the connection and execute the insert command.
        try
        {
            connection.Open();
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
        }
        // The connection is automatically closed when the
        // code exits the using block.
    }
}
Public Sub InsertRow(ByVal connectionString As String, _
    ByVal insertSQL As String)

    Using connection As New OleDbConnection(connectionString)
        ' The insertSQL string contains a SQL statement that
        ' inserts a new row in the source table.
        Dim command As New OleDbCommand(insertSQL)

        ' Set the Connection to the new OleDbConnection.
        command.Connection = connection

        ' Open the connection and execute the insert command.
        Try
            connection.Open()
            command.ExecuteNonQuery()
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
        End Try
        ' The connection is automatically closed when the
        ' code exits the Using block.
    End Using
End Sub

Remarks

An OleDbConnection object represents a unique connection to a data source. With a client/server database system, it is equivalent to a network connection to the server. Depending on the functionality supported by the native OLE DB provider, some methods or properties of an OleDbConnection object may not be available.

When you create an instance of OleDbConnection, all properties are set to their initial values. For a list of these values, see the OleDbConnection constructor.

You can open more than one DataReader on a single OleDbConnection. If the OLE DB provider you use does not support more than one DataReader on a single connection, the provider implicitly opens an additional connection for each.

If the OleDbConnection goes out of scope, it is not closed. Therefore, you must explicitly close the connection by calling Close or Dispose, or by using the OleDbConnection object within a Using statement.

Note

To deploy high-performance applications, you must use connection pooling. When you use the .NET Framework Data Provider for OLE DB, you do not have to enable connection pooling because the provider manages this automatically. For more information about how to use connection pooling with the .NET Framework Data Provider for OLE DB, see OLE DB, ODBC, and Oracle Connection Pooling.

If a fatal OleDbException (for example, a SQL Server severity level of 20 or greater) is generated by the method executing an OleDbCommand, the OleDbConnection might be closed. However, the user can reopen the connection and continue.

An application that creates an instance of the OleDbConnection object can require all direct and indirect callers to have sufficient permission to the code by setting declarative or imperative security demands. OleDbConnection makes security demands using the OleDbPermission object. Users can verify that their code has sufficient permissions by using the OleDbPermissionAttribute object. Users and administrators can also use the Caspol.exe (Code Access Security Policy Tool) to modify security policy at the computer, user, and enterprise levels. For more information, see Code Access Security and ADO.NET.

For more information about handling warning and informational messages from the data server, see Connection Events.

Note

The OleDbConnection object does not support setting or retrieving dynamic properties specific to an OLE DB provider. Only properties that can be passed in the connection string for the OLE DB provider are supported.

Constructors

OleDbConnection() OleDbConnection() OleDbConnection() OleDbConnection()

Initializes a new instance of the OleDbConnection class.

OleDbConnection(String) OleDbConnection(String) OleDbConnection(String) OleDbConnection(String)

Initializes a new instance of the OleDbConnection class with the specified connection string.

Properties

CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents CanRaiseEvents

Gets a value indicating whether the component can raise an event.

(Inherited from Component)
ConnectionString ConnectionString ConnectionString ConnectionString

Gets or sets the string used to open a database.

ConnectionTimeout ConnectionTimeout ConnectionTimeout ConnectionTimeout

Gets the time to wait while trying to establish a connection before terminating the attempt and generating an error.

Container Container Container Container

Gets the IContainer that contains the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Database Database Database Database

Gets the name of the current database or the database to be used after a connection is opened.

DataSource DataSource DataSource DataSource

Gets the server name or file name of the data source.

DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode DesignMode

Gets a value that indicates whether the Component is currently in design mode.

(Inherited from Component)
Events Events Events Events

Gets the list of event handlers that are attached to this Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Provider Provider Provider Provider

Gets the name of the OLE DB provider specified in the "Provider= " clause of the connection string.

ServerVersion ServerVersion ServerVersion ServerVersion

Gets a string that contains the version of the server to which the client is connected.

Site Site Site Site

Gets or sets the ISite of the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
State State State State

Gets the current state of the connection.

Methods

BeginTransaction() BeginTransaction() BeginTransaction() BeginTransaction()

Starts a database transaction with the current IsolationLevel value.

BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel) BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel) BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel) BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel)

Starts a database transaction with the specified isolation level.

ChangeDatabase(String) ChangeDatabase(String) ChangeDatabase(String) ChangeDatabase(String)

Changes the current database for an open OleDbConnection.

Close() Close() Close() Close()

Closes the connection to the data source.

CreateCommand() CreateCommand() CreateCommand() CreateCommand()

Creates and returns an OleDbCommand object associated with the OleDbConnection.

CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type) CreateObjRef(Type)

Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Releases all resources used by the Component.

(Inherited from Component)
Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean) Dispose(Boolean)

Releases the unmanaged resources used by the Component and optionally releases the managed resources.

(Inherited from Component)
EnlistDistributedTransaction(ITransaction) EnlistDistributedTransaction(ITransaction) EnlistDistributedTransaction(ITransaction) EnlistDistributedTransaction(ITransaction)

Enlists in the specified transaction as a distributed transaction.

EnlistTransaction(Transaction) EnlistTransaction(Transaction) EnlistTransaction(Transaction) EnlistTransaction(Transaction)

Enlists in the specified transaction as a distributed transaction.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService() GetLifetimeService()

Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
GetOleDbSchemaTable(Guid, Object[]) GetOleDbSchemaTable(Guid, Object[]) GetOleDbSchemaTable(Guid, Object[]) GetOleDbSchemaTable(Guid, Object[])

Returns schema information from a data source as indicated by a GUID, and after it applies the specified restrictions.

GetSchema() GetSchema() GetSchema() GetSchema()

Returns schema information for the data source of this OleDbConnection.

GetSchema(String) GetSchema(String) GetSchema(String) GetSchema(String)

Returns schema information for the data source of this OleDbConnection using the specified string for the schema name.

GetSchema(String, String[]) GetSchema(String, String[]) GetSchema(String, String[]) GetSchema(String, String[])

Returns schema information for the data source of this OleDbConnection using the specified string for the schema name and the specified string array for the restriction values.

GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type) GetService(Type)

Returns an object that represents a service provided by the Component or by its Container.

(Inherited from Component)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService() InitializeLifetimeService()

Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean) MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
Open() Open() Open() Open()

Opens a database connection with the property settings specified by the ConnectionString.

ReleaseObjectPool() ReleaseObjectPool() ReleaseObjectPool() ReleaseObjectPool()

Indicates that the OleDbConnection object pool can be released when the last underlying connection is released.

ResetState() ResetState() ResetState() ResetState()

Updates the State property of the OleDbConnection object.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a String containing the name of the Component, if any. This method should not be overridden.

(Inherited from Component)

Events

Disposed Disposed Disposed Disposed

Occurs when the component is disposed by a call to the Dispose() method.

(Inherited from Component)
InfoMessage InfoMessage InfoMessage InfoMessage

Occurs when the provider sends a warning or an informational message.

StateChange StateChange StateChange StateChange

Explicit Interface Implementations

ICloneable.Clone() ICloneable.Clone() ICloneable.Clone() ICloneable.Clone()

For a description of this member, see Clone().

IDbConnection.BeginTransaction() IDbConnection.BeginTransaction() IDbConnection.BeginTransaction() IDbConnection.BeginTransaction()
IDbConnection.BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel) IDbConnection.BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel) IDbConnection.BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel) IDbConnection.BeginTransaction(IsolationLevel)
IDbConnection.CreateCommand() IDbConnection.CreateCommand() IDbConnection.CreateCommand() IDbConnection.CreateCommand()

Applies to