OleDbDataAdapter.RowUpdating OleDbDataAdapter.RowUpdating OleDbDataAdapter.RowUpdating OleDbDataAdapter.RowUpdating Event

Definition

Occurs during Update(DataSet) before a command is executed against the data source. The attempt to update is made. Therefore, the event occurs.

public:
 event System::Data::OleDb::OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler ^ RowUpdating;
[System.Data.DataSysDescription("DbDataAdapter_RowUpdating")]
public event System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler RowUpdating;
member this.RowUpdating : System.Data.OleDb.OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowUpdating As OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler 
Attributes

Examples

The following example shows the RowUpdating and RowUpdated events being used.

public static void CreateDataAdapter(
    string connectionString)
{
    using (OleDbConnection connection = new OleDbConnection(connectionString))
    {
        OleDbDataAdapter adapter = new OleDbDataAdapter(
            "SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID = 'ALFKI'", connection);

        adapter.InsertCommand = new OleDbCommand(
            "INSERT INTO Customers (CustomerID, CompanyName) VALUES(?, ?)", 
            connection);

        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add(
            "@CustomerID", OleDbType.VarChar, 5, "CustomerID");
        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add(
            "@CompanyName", OleDbType.VarChar, 30, "CompanyName");

        connection.Open();

        DataSet custDS = new DataSet();
        adapter.Fill(custDS, "Customers");

        DataRow custRow = custDS.Tables["Customers"].NewRow();
        custRow["CustomerID"] = "NEWCO";
        custRow["CompanyName"] = "New Company";
        custDS.Tables["Customers"].Rows.Add(custRow);

        // add handlers
        adapter.RowUpdating += new OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(OnRowUpdating);
        adapter.RowUpdated += new OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(OnRowUpdated);

        adapter.Update(custDS, "Customers");

        // remove handlers
        adapter.RowUpdating -= new OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(OnRowUpdating);
        adapter.RowUpdated -= new OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(OnRowUpdated);

        foreach (DataRow row in custDS.Tables["Customers"].Rows)
        {
            if (row.HasErrors)
                Console.WriteLine(row.RowError);
        }
    }
}

protected static void OnRowUpdating(object sender, 
    OleDbRowUpdatingEventArgs args)
{
    if (args.StatementType == StatementType.Insert)
    {
        System.IO.TextWriter writer = System.IO.File.AppendText("Inserts.log");
        writer.WriteLine("{0}: Customer {1} Inserted.", 
            DateTime.Now, args.Row["CustomerID"]);
        writer.Close();
    }
}

protected static void OnRowUpdated(object sender, OleDbRowUpdatedEventArgs args)
{
    if (args.Status == UpdateStatus.ErrorsOccurred)
    {
        args.Row.RowError = args.Errors.Message;
        args.Status = UpdateStatus.SkipCurrentRow;
    }
}
Public Sub CreateDataAdapter(ByVal connectionString As String)
    Using connection As New OleDbConnection(connectionString)
        Dim adapter As OleDbDataAdapter = New OleDbDataAdapter( _
            "SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID = 'ALFKI'", connection)

        adapter.InsertCommand = New OleDbCommand( _
            "INSERT INTO Customers (CustomerID, CompanyName) VALUES(?, ?)", _
            connection)

        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add( _
            "@CustomerID", OleDbType.VarChar, 5, "CustomerID")
        adapter.InsertCommand.Parameters.Add( _
            "@CompanyName", OleDbType.VarChar, 30, "CompanyName")

        connection.Open()

        Dim custDS As DataSet = New DataSet()
        adapter.Fill(custDS, "Customers")

        Dim custRow As DataRow = custDS.Tables("Customers").NewRow()
        custRow("CustomerID") = "NEWCO"
        custRow("CompanyName") = "New Company"
        custDS.Tables("Customers").Rows.Add(custRow)

        ' add handlers
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdating, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdating)
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdated, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdated)

        adapter.Update(custDS, "Customers")

        ' remove handlers
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdating, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatingEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdating)
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdated, _
            New OleDbRowUpdatedEventHandler(AddressOf OnRowUpdated)

        Dim row As DataRow
        For Each row In custDS.Tables("Customers").Rows
            If row.HasErrors Then Console.WriteLine(row.RowError)
        Next
    End Using
End Sub

Sub OnRowUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal args As OleDbRowUpdatingEventArgs)

    If args.StatementType = StatementType.Insert Then
        Dim writer As System.IO.TextWriter = _
            System.IO.File.AppendText("Inserts.log")
        writer.WriteLine("{0}: Customer {1} Inserted.", _
            DateTime.Now, args.Row("CustomerID"))
        writer.Close()
    End If
End Sub

Sub OnRowUpdated(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal args As OleDbRowUpdatedEventArgs)

    If args.Status = UpdateStatus.ErrorsOccurred Then
        args.Row.RowError = args.Errors.Message
        args.Status = UpdateStatus.SkipCurrentRow
    End If
End Sub

Remarks

When you use Update, there are two events that occur per data row updated. The order of execution is as follows:

  1. The values in the DataRow are moved to the parameter values.

  2. The OnRowUpdating event is raised.

  3. The command executes.

  4. If the command is set to FirstReturnedRecord, the first returned result is placed in the DataRow.

  5. If there are output parameters, they are placed in the DataRow.

  6. The OnRowUpdated event is raised.

  7. AcceptChanges is called.

Applies to

See also