SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection Class

Definition

Collection of SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping objects that inherits from CollectionBase.

public ref class SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection sealed : System::Collections::CollectionBase
public sealed class SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection : System.Collections.CollectionBase
type SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection = class
    inherit CollectionBase
Public NotInheritable Class SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection
Inherits CollectionBase
Inheritance
SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection

Examples

The following example bulk copies data from a source table in the AdventureWorks sample database to a destination table in the same database. Although the number of columns in the destination matches the number of columns in the source, the column names and ordinal positions do not match. SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping are added to the SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection for the SqlBulkCopy object to create a column map for the bulk copy.

Important

This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT … SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a sourceConnection to the AdventureWorks database.
        using (SqlConnection sourceConnection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            sourceConnection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoDifferentColumns;",
                sourceConnection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            SqlCommand commandSourceData = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT ProductID, Name, " +
                "ProductNumber " +
                "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection);
            SqlDataReader reader =
                commandSourceData.ExecuteReader();

            // Set up the bulk copy object. 
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy =
                       new SqlBulkCopy(connectionString))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoDifferentColumns";

                // The column order in the source doesn't match the order 
                // in the destination, so ColumnMappings must be defined.
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("ProductID", "ProdID");
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("Name", "ProdName");
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("ProductNumber", "ProdNum");

                // Write from the source to the destination.
                try
                {
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
                finally
                {
                    // Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                    // object is automatically closed at the end
                    // of the using block.
                    reader.Close();
                }
            }

            // Perform a final count on the destination 
            // table to see how many rows were added.
            long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code, 
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        ' Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        Using sourceConnection As SqlConnection = _
           New SqlConnection(connectionString)
            sourceConnection.Open()

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            Dim commandRowCount As New SqlCommand( _
            "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoDifferentColumns;", _
                sourceConnection)
            Dim countStart As Long = _
               System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart)

            ' Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            Dim commandSourceData As SqlCommand = New SqlCommand( _
               "SELECT ProductID, Name, ProductNumber " & _
               "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection)
            Dim reader As SqlDataReader = commandSourceData.ExecuteReader

            ' Set up the bulk copy object.
            Using bulkCopy As SqlBulkCopy = New SqlBulkCopy(connectionString)
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = _
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoDifferentColumns"

                ' The column order in the source doesn't match the order 
                ' in the destination, so ColumnMappings must be defined.
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("ProductID", "ProdID")
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("Name", "ProdName")
                bulkCopy.ColumnMappings.Add("ProductNumber", "ProdNum")

                ' Write from the source to the destination.
                Try
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader)

                Catch ex As Exception
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)

                Finally
                    ' Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                    ' object is automatically closed at the end
                    ' of the Using block.
                    reader.Close()
                End Try
            End Using

            ' Perform a final count on the destination table
            ' to see how many rows were added.
            Dim countEnd As Long = _
                System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart)

            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code, 
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Data Source=(local);" & _
            "Integrated Security=true;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
    End Function
End Module

Remarks

Column mappings define the mapping between data source and the target table.

If mappings are not defined - that is, the ColumnMappings collection is empty - the columns are mapped implicitly based on ordinal position. For this to work, source and target schemas must match. If they do not, an InvalidOperationException is thrown.

If the ColumnMappings collection is not empty, not every column present in the data source has to be specified. Those not mapped by the collection are ignored.

You can refer to source and target columns by either name or ordinal. You can mix by-name and by-ordinal column references in the same mappings collection.

Properties

Capacity

Gets or sets the number of elements that the CollectionBase can contain.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
Count
InnerList

Gets an ArrayList containing the list of elements in the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
Item[Int32]

Gets the SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping object at the specified index.

List

Gets an IList containing the list of elements in the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)

Methods

Add(Int32, Int32)

Creates a new SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping and adds it to the collection, using ordinals to specify both source and destination columns.

Add(Int32, String)

Creates a new SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping and adds it to the collection, using an ordinal for the source column and a string for the destination column.

Add(SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping)

Adds the specified mapping to the SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection.

Add(String, Int32)

Creates a new SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping and adds it to the collection, using a column name to describe the source column and an ordinal to specify the destination column.

Add(String, String)

Creates a new SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping and adds it to the collection, using column names to specify both source and destination columns.

Clear()

Clears the contents of the collection.

Contains(SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping)

Gets a value indicating whether a specified SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping object exists in the collection.

CopyTo(SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping[], Int32)

Copies the elements of the SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection to an array of SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping items, starting at a particular index.

Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetEnumerator()
GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
IndexOf(SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping)

Gets the index of the specified SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping object.

Insert(Int32, SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping)

Insert a new SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping at the index specified.

MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
OnClear()

Performs additional custom processes when clearing the contents of the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
OnClearComplete()

Performs additional custom processes after clearing the contents of the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
OnInsert(Int32, Object)

Performs additional custom processes before inserting a new element into the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
OnInsertComplete(Int32, Object)

Performs additional custom processes after inserting a new element into the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
OnRemove(Int32, Object)

Performs additional custom processes when removing an element from the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
OnRemoveComplete(Int32, Object)

Performs additional custom processes after removing an element from the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
OnSet(Int32, Object, Object)

Performs additional custom processes before setting a value in the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
OnSetComplete(Int32, Object, Object)

Performs additional custom processes after setting a value in the CollectionBase instance.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
OnValidate(Object)

Performs additional custom processes when validating a value.

(Inherited from CollectionBase)
Remove(SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping)

Removes the specified SqlBulkCopyColumnMapping element from the SqlBulkCopyColumnMappingCollection.

RemoveAt(Int32)

Removes the mapping at the specified index from the collection.

ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Explicit Interface Implementations

ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)
ICollection.IsSynchronized
ICollection.SyncRoot
IList.Add(Object)
IList.Contains(Object)
IList.IndexOf(Object)
IList.Insert(Int32, Object)
IList.IsFixedSize
IList.IsReadOnly
IList.Item[Int32]
IList.Remove(Object)

Extension Methods

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Applies to

See also