SqlBulkCopyOptions SqlBulkCopyOptions SqlBulkCopyOptions SqlBulkCopyOptions Enum

Definition

Bitwise flag that specifies one or more options to use with an instance of SqlBulkCopy.

This enumeration has a FlagsAttribute attribute that allows a bitwise combination of its member values.

public enum class SqlBulkCopyOptions
[System.Flags]
public enum SqlBulkCopyOptions
type SqlBulkCopyOptions = 
Public Enum SqlBulkCopyOptions
Inheritance
SqlBulkCopyOptionsSqlBulkCopyOptionsSqlBulkCopyOptionsSqlBulkCopyOptions
Attributes

Fields

AllowEncryptedValueModifications AllowEncryptedValueModifications AllowEncryptedValueModifications AllowEncryptedValueModifications 64

When specified, AllowEncryptedValueModifications enables bulk copying of encrypted data between tables or databases, without decrypting the data. Typically, an application would select data from encrypted columns from one table without decrypting the data (the app would connect to the database with the column encryption setting keyword set to disabled) and then would use this option to bulk insert the data, which is still encrypted. For more information, see Always Encrypted.

Use caution when specifying AllowEncryptedValueModifications as this may lead to corrupting the database because the driver does not check if the data is indeed encrypted, or if it is correctly encrypted using the same encryption type, algorithm and key as the target column.

CheckConstraints CheckConstraints CheckConstraints CheckConstraints 2

Check constraints while data is being inserted. By default, constraints are not checked.

Default Default Default Default 0

Use the default values for all options.

FireTriggers FireTriggers FireTriggers FireTriggers 16

When specified, cause the server to fire the insert triggers for the rows being inserted into the database.

KeepIdentity KeepIdentity KeepIdentity KeepIdentity 1

Preserve source identity values. When not specified, identity values are assigned by the destination.

KeepNulls KeepNulls KeepNulls KeepNulls 8

Preserve null values in the destination table regardless of the settings for default values. When not specified, null values are replaced by default values where applicable.

TableLock TableLock TableLock TableLock 4

Obtain a bulk update lock for the duration of the bulk copy operation. When not specified, row locks are used.

UseInternalTransaction UseInternalTransaction UseInternalTransaction UseInternalTransaction 32

When specified, each batch of the bulk-copy operation will occur within a transaction. If you indicate this option and also provide a SqlTransaction object to the constructor, an ArgumentException occurs.

Examples

The following console application demonstrates how to perform a bulk load that copies the value in the identity column of the source table to the corresponding column in the destination table, instead of generating a new value for each row's identity column.

To see how the option changes the way the bulk load works, run the sample with the dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns table empty. All rows load from the source. Next, run the sample again without emptying the table. An exception is thrown, and the code writes a message to the console window notifying you that rows were not added because of primary key violations.

Important

This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT … SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a sourceConnection to the AdventureWorks database.
        using (SqlConnection sourceConnection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            sourceConnection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;",
                sourceConnection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            SqlCommand commandSourceData = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT ProductID, Name, " +
                "ProductNumber " +
                "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection);
            SqlDataReader reader =
                commandSourceData.ExecuteReader();

            // Create the SqlBulkCopy object using a connection string 
            // and the KeepIdentity option. 
            // In the real world you would not use SqlBulkCopy to move
            // data from one table to the other in the same database.
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy =
                new SqlBulkCopy(connectionString, SqlBulkCopyOptions.KeepIdentity))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns";

                try
                {
                    // Write from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
                finally
                {
                    // Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                    // object is automatically closed at the end
                    // of the using block.
                    reader.Close();
                }
            }

            // Perform a final count on the destination 
            // table to see how many rows were added.
            long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code, 
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        ' Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        Using sourceConnection As SqlConnection = _
           New SqlConnection(connectionString)
            sourceConnection.Open()

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            Dim commandRowCount As New SqlCommand( _
            "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;", _
                sourceConnection)
            Dim countStart As Long = _
               System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart)

            ' Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            Dim commandSourceData As SqlCommand = New SqlCommand( _
               "SELECT ProductID, Name, ProductNumber " & _
               "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection)
            Dim reader As SqlDataReader = commandSourceData.ExecuteReader

            ' Create the SqlBulkCopy object using a connection string 
            ' and the KeepIdentity option. 
            ' In the real world you would not use SqlBulkCopy to move
            ' data from one table to the other in the same database.
            Using bulkCopy As SqlBulkCopy = _
              New SqlBulkCopy(connectionString, SqlBulkCopyOptions.KeepIdentity)
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns"

                Try
                    ' Write from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader)

                Catch ex As Exception
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)

                    Finally
                        ' Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                        ' object is automatically closed at the end
                        ' of the Using block.
                        reader.Close()
                End Try
            End Using

            ' Perform a final count on the destination table
            ' to see how many rows were added.
            Dim countEnd As Long = _
                System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart)

            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code, 
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Data Source=(local);" & _
            "Integrated Security=true;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
    End Function
End Module

Remarks

You can use the SqlBulkCopyOptions enumeration when you construct a SqlBulkCopy instance to change how the WriteToServer methods for that instance behave.

Applies to

See Also