SqlCommand.Cancel SqlCommand.Cancel SqlCommand.Cancel SqlCommand.Cancel Method

Definition

Tries to cancel the execution of a SqlCommand.

public:
 override void Cancel();
public override void Cancel ();
override this.Cancel : unit -> unit
Public Overrides Sub Cancel ()

Implements

Examples

The following example demonstrates the use of the Cancel method.

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Threading;

class Program
{
    private static SqlCommand m_rCommand;

    public static SqlCommand Command
    {
        get { return m_rCommand; }
        set { m_rCommand = value; }
    }

    public static void Thread_Cancel()
    {
        Command.Cancel();
    }

    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        try
        {
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                Command = connection.CreateCommand();
                Command.CommandText = "DROP TABLE TestCancel";
                try
                {
                    Command.ExecuteNonQuery();
                }
                catch { }

                Command.CommandText = "CREATE TABLE TestCancel(co1 int, co2 char(10))";
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery();
                Command.CommandText = "INSERT INTO TestCancel VALUES (1, '1')";
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery();

                Command.CommandText = "SELECT * FROM TestCancel";
                SqlDataReader reader = Command.ExecuteReader();

                Thread rThread2 = new Thread(new ThreadStart(Thread_Cancel));
                rThread2.Start();
                rThread2.Join();

                reader.Read();
                System.Console.WriteLine(reader.FieldCount);
                reader.Close();
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
        }
    }
    static private string GetConnectionString()
    {
        // To avoid storing the connection string in your code, 
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
        return "Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
            + "Integrated Security=SSPI";
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Threading

Module Module1
    Private m_rCommand As SqlCommand

    Public Property Command() As SqlCommand
        Get
            Return m_rCommand
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As SqlCommand)
            m_rCommand = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Sub Thread_Cancel()
        Command.Cancel()
    End Sub

    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        Try
            Using connection As New SqlConnection(connectionString)

                connection.Open()

                Command = connection.CreateCommand()
                Command.CommandText = "DROP TABLE TestCancel"
                Try
                    Command.ExecuteNonQuery()
                Catch
                End Try

                Command.CommandText = "CREATE TABLE TestCancel(co1 int, co2 char(10))"
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery()
                Command.CommandText = "INSERT INTO TestCancel VALUES (1, '1')"
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery()

                Command.CommandText = "SELECT * FROM TestCancel"
                Dim reader As SqlDataReader = Command.ExecuteReader()

                Dim rThread2 As Thread = New Thread( _
                    New ThreadStart(AddressOf Thread_Cancel))

                rThread2.Start()
                rThread2.Join()

                reader.Read()
                Console.WriteLine(reader.FieldCount)
                reader.Close()
            End Using

        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the connection string in your code,  
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
        Return "Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;" _
           & "Integrated Security=SSPI;"
    End Function
End Module

Remarks

If there is nothing to cancel, nothing occurs. However, if there is a command in process, and the attempt to cancel fails, no exception is generated.

In some, rare, cases, if you call ExecuteReader then call Close (implicitily or explicitly) before calling Cancel, and then call Cancel, the cancel command will not be sent to SQL Server and the result set can continue to stream after you call Close. To avoid this, make sure that you call Cancel before closing the reader or connection.

Applies to

See also