SqlConnectionStringBuilder SqlConnectionStringBuilder SqlConnectionStringBuilder SqlConnectionStringBuilder Class

Definition

Provides a simple way to create and manage the contents of connection strings used by the SqlConnection class.

public ref class SqlConnectionStringBuilder sealed : System::Data::Common::DbConnectionStringBuilder
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionStringBuilder/SqlConnectionStringBuilderConverter))]
public sealed class SqlConnectionStringBuilder : System.Data.Common.DbConnectionStringBuilder
type SqlConnectionStringBuilder = class
    inherit DbConnectionStringBuilder
Public NotInheritable Class SqlConnectionStringBuilder
Inherits DbConnectionStringBuilder
Inheritance
SqlConnectionStringBuilderSqlConnectionStringBuilderSqlConnectionStringBuilderSqlConnectionStringBuilder
Attributes

Examples

The following console application builds connection strings for a SQL Server database. The code uses a SqlConnectionStringBuilder class to create the connection string, and then passes the ConnectionString property of the SqlConnectionStringBuilder instance to the constructor of the connection class. The example also parses an existing connection string and demonstrates various ways of manipulating the connection string's contents.

Note

This example includes a password to demonstrate how SqlConnectionStringBuilder works with connection strings. In your applications, we recommend that you use Windows Authentication. If you must use a password, do not include a hard-coded password in your application.

using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        // Create a new SqlConnectionStringBuilder and
        // initialize it with a few name/value pairs.
        SqlConnectionStringBuilder builder =
            new SqlConnectionStringBuilder(GetConnectionString());

        // The input connection string used the 
        // Server key, but the new connection string uses
        // the well-known Data Source key instead.
        Console.WriteLine(builder.ConnectionString);

        // Pass the SqlConnectionStringBuilder an existing 
        // connection string, and you can retrieve and
        // modify any of the elements.
        builder.ConnectionString = "server=(local);user id=ab;" +
            "password= a!Pass113;initial catalog=AdventureWorks";

        // Now that the connection string has been parsed,
        // you can work with individual items.
        Console.WriteLine(builder.Password);
        builder.Password = "new@1Password";
        builder.AsynchronousProcessing = true;

        // You can refer to connection keys using strings, 
        // as well. When you use this technique (the default
        // Item property in Visual Basic, or the indexer in C#),
        // you can specify any synonym for the connection string key
        // name.
        builder["Server"] = ".";
        builder["Connect Timeout"] = 1000;
        builder["Trusted_Connection"] = true;
        Console.WriteLine(builder.ConnectionString);

        Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    private static string GetConnectionString()
    {
        // To avoid storing the connection string in your code,
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        return "Server=(local);Integrated Security=SSPI;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        ' Create a new SqlConnectionStringBuilder and
        ' initialize it with a few name/value pairs:
        Dim builder As New SqlConnectionStringBuilder(GetConnectionString())

        ' The input connection string used the 
        ' Server key, but the new connection string uses
        ' the well-known Data Source key instead.
        Console.WriteLine(builder.ConnectionString)

        ' Pass the SqlConnectionStringBuilder an existing 
        ' connection string, and you can retrieve and
        ' modify any of the elements.
        builder.ConnectionString = _
            "server=(local);user id=ab;" & _
            "password=a!Pass113;initial catalog=AdventureWorks"
        ' Now that the connection string has been parsed,
        ' you can work with individual items.
        Console.WriteLine(builder.Password)
        builder.Password = "new@1Password"
        builder.AsynchronousProcessing = True

        ' You can refer to connection keys using strings, 
        ' as well. When you use this technique (the default
        ' Item property in Visual Basic, or the indexer in C#)
        ' you can specify any synonym for the connection string key
        ' name.
        builder("Server") = "."
        builder("Connect Timeout") = 1000

        ' The Item property is the default for the class, 
        ' and setting the Item property adds the value to the 
        ' dictionary, if necessary. 
        builder.Item("Trusted_Connection") = True
        Console.WriteLine(builder.ConnectionString)

        Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
        Console.ReadLine()
    End Sub

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the connection string in your code,
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Server=(local);Integrated Security=SSPI;" & _
          "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks"
    End Function
End Module

Remarks

The connection string builder lets developers programmatically create syntactically correct connection strings, and parse and rebuild existing connection strings, using properties and methods of the class. The connection string builder provides strongly typed properties corresponding to the known key/value pairs allowed by SQL Server. Developers needing to create connection strings as part of applications can use the SqlConnectionStringBuilder class to build and modify connection strings. The class also makes it easy to manage connection strings stored in an application configuration file.

The SqlConnectionStringBuilder performs checks for valid key/value pairs. Therefore, you cannot use this class to create invalid connection strings; trying to add invalid pairs will throw an exception. The class maintains a fixed collection of synonyms and can translate from a synonym to the corresponding well-known key name.

For example, when you use the Item property to retrieve a value, you can specify a string that contains any synonym for the key you need. For example, you can specify "Network Address", "addr", or any other acceptable synonym for this key within a connection string when you use any member that requires a string that contains the key name, such as the Item property or the Remove method. See the ConnectionString property for a full list of acceptable synonyms.

The Item property handles tries to insert malicious entries. For example, the following code, using the default Item property (the indexer, in C#) correctly escapes the nested key/value pair:

Dim builder As New System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionStringBuilder  
builder("Data Source") = "(local)"  
builder("Integrated Security") = True  
builder("Initial Catalog") = "AdventureWorks;NewValue=Bad"  
Console.WriteLine(builder.ConnectionString)  
System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionStringBuilder builder =  
  new System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnectionStringBuilder();  
builder["Data Source"] = "(local)";  
builder["integrated Security"] = true;  
builder["Initial Catalog"] = "AdventureWorks;NewValue=Bad";  
Console.WriteLine(builder.ConnectionString);  

The result is the following connection string that handles the invalid value in a safe manner:

Source=(local);Initial Catalog="AdventureWorks;NewValue=Bad";  
Integrated Security=True  

Constructors

SqlConnectionStringBuilder() SqlConnectionStringBuilder() SqlConnectionStringBuilder() SqlConnectionStringBuilder()

Initializes a new instance of the SqlConnectionStringBuilder class.

SqlConnectionStringBuilder(String) SqlConnectionStringBuilder(String) SqlConnectionStringBuilder(String) SqlConnectionStringBuilder(String)

Initializes a new instance of the SqlConnectionStringBuilder class. The provided connection string provides the data for the instance's internal connection information.

Properties

ApplicationIntent ApplicationIntent ApplicationIntent ApplicationIntent

Declares the application workload type when connecting to a database in an SQL Server Availability Group. You can set the value of this property with ApplicationIntent. For more information about SqlClient support for Always On Availability Groups, see SqlClient Support for High Availability, Disaster Recovery.

ApplicationName ApplicationName ApplicationName ApplicationName

Gets or sets the name of the application associated with the connection string.

AsynchronousProcessing AsynchronousProcessing AsynchronousProcessing AsynchronousProcessing

Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether asynchronous processing is allowed by the connection created by using this connection string.

AttachDBFilename AttachDBFilename AttachDBFilename AttachDBFilename

Gets or sets a string that contains the name of the primary data file. This includes the full path name of an attachable database.

Authentication Authentication Authentication Authentication

Gets the authentication of the connection string.

BrowsableConnectionString BrowsableConnectionString BrowsableConnectionString BrowsableConnectionString

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the ConnectionString property is visible in Visual Studio designers.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ColumnEncryptionSetting ColumnEncryptionSetting ColumnEncryptionSetting ColumnEncryptionSetting

Gets and sets the column encryption settings for the connection string builder.

ConnectionReset ConnectionReset ConnectionReset ConnectionReset

Obsolete. Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether the connection is reset when drawn from the connection pool.

ConnectionString ConnectionString ConnectionString ConnectionString

Gets or sets the connection string associated with the DbConnectionStringBuilder.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ConnectRetryCount ConnectRetryCount ConnectRetryCount ConnectRetryCount

[Supported in the .NET Framework 4.5.1 and later versions]

The number of reconnections attempted after identifying that there was an idle connection failure. This must be an integer between 0 and 255. Default is 1. Set to 0 to disable reconnecting on idle connection failures. An ArgumentException will be thrown if set to a value outside of the allowed range.

ConnectRetryInterval ConnectRetryInterval ConnectRetryInterval ConnectRetryInterval

[Supported in the .NET Framework 4.5.1 and later versions]

Amount of time (in seconds) between each reconnection attempt after identifying that there was an idle connection failure. This must be an integer between 1 and 60. The default is 10 seconds. An ArgumentException will be thrown if set to a value outside of the allowed range.

ConnectTimeout ConnectTimeout ConnectTimeout ConnectTimeout

Gets or sets the length of time (in seconds) to wait for a connection to the server before terminating the attempt and generating an error.

ContextConnection ContextConnection ContextConnection ContextConnection

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether a client/server or in-process connection to SQL Server should be made.

Count Count Count Count

Gets the current number of keys that are contained within the ConnectionString property.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
CurrentLanguage CurrentLanguage CurrentLanguage CurrentLanguage

Gets or sets the SQL Server Language record name.

DataSource DataSource DataSource DataSource

Gets or sets the name or network address of the instance of SQL Server to connect to.

EnclaveAttestationUrl EnclaveAttestationUrl EnclaveAttestationUrl EnclaveAttestationUrl

Gets or sets the enclave attestation Url to be used with enclave based Always Encrypted.

Encrypt Encrypt Encrypt Encrypt

Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether SQL Server uses SSL encryption for all data sent between the client and server if the server has a certificate installed.

Enlist Enlist Enlist Enlist

Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether the SQL Server connection pooler automatically enlists the connection in the creation thread's current transaction context.

FailoverPartner FailoverPartner FailoverPartner FailoverPartner

Gets or sets the name or address of the partner server to connect to if the primary server is down.

ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized ICollection.IsSynchronized

Gets a value indicating whether access to the ICollection is synchronized (thread safe).

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot ICollection.SyncRoot

Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the ICollection.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
IDictionary.IsFixedSize IDictionary.IsFixedSize IDictionary.IsFixedSize IDictionary.IsFixedSize Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder
IDictionary.IsReadOnly IDictionary.IsReadOnly IDictionary.IsReadOnly IDictionary.IsReadOnly Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder
IDictionary.Item[Object] IDictionary.Item[Object] IDictionary.Item[Object] IDictionary.Item[Object]

Gets or sets the element with the specified key.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
InitialCatalog InitialCatalog InitialCatalog InitialCatalog

Gets or sets the name of the database associated with the connection.

IntegratedSecurity IntegratedSecurity IntegratedSecurity IntegratedSecurity

Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether User ID and Password are specified in the connection (when false) or whether the current Windows account credentials are used for authentication (when true).

IsFixedSize IsFixedSize IsFixedSize IsFixedSize

Gets a value that indicates whether the SqlConnectionStringBuilder has a fixed size.

IsReadOnly IsReadOnly IsReadOnly IsReadOnly

Gets a value that indicates whether the DbConnectionStringBuilder is read-only.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
Item[String] Item[String] Item[String] Item[String]

Gets or sets the value associated with the specified key. In C#, this property is the indexer.

Keys Keys Keys Keys

Gets an ICollection that contains the keys in the SqlConnectionStringBuilder.

LoadBalanceTimeout LoadBalanceTimeout LoadBalanceTimeout LoadBalanceTimeout

Gets or sets the minimum time, in seconds, for the connection to live in the connection pool before being destroyed.

MaxPoolSize MaxPoolSize MaxPoolSize MaxPoolSize

Gets or sets the maximum number of connections allowed in the connection pool for this specific connection string.

MinPoolSize MinPoolSize MinPoolSize MinPoolSize

Gets or sets the minimum number of connections allowed in the connection pool for this specific connection string.

MultipleActiveResultSets MultipleActiveResultSets MultipleActiveResultSets MultipleActiveResultSets

When true, an application can maintain multiple active result sets (MARS). When false, an application must process or cancel all result sets from one batch before it can execute any other batch on that connection.

For more information, see Multiple Active Result Sets (MARS).

MultiSubnetFailover MultiSubnetFailover MultiSubnetFailover MultiSubnetFailover

If your application is connecting to an AlwaysOn availability group (AG) on different subnets, setting MultiSubnetFailover=true provides faster detection of and connection to the (currently) active server. For more information about SqlClient support for Always On Availability Groups, see SqlClient Support for High Availability, Disaster Recovery.

NetworkLibrary NetworkLibrary NetworkLibrary NetworkLibrary

Gets or sets a string that contains the name of the network library used to establish a connection to the SQL Server.

PacketSize PacketSize PacketSize PacketSize

Gets or sets the size in bytes of the network packets used to communicate with an instance of SQL Server.

Password Password Password Password

Gets or sets the password for the SQL Server account.

PersistSecurityInfo PersistSecurityInfo PersistSecurityInfo PersistSecurityInfo

Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates if security-sensitive information, such as the password, is not returned as part of the connection if the connection is open or has ever been in an open state.

PoolBlockingPeriod PoolBlockingPeriod PoolBlockingPeriod PoolBlockingPeriod

The blocking period behavior for a connection pool.

Pooling Pooling Pooling Pooling

Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether the connection will be pooled or explicitly opened every time that the connection is requested.

Replication Replication Replication Replication

Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether replication is supported using the connection.

TransactionBinding TransactionBinding TransactionBinding TransactionBinding

Gets or sets a string value that indicates how the connection maintains its association with an enlisted System.Transactions transaction.

TransparentNetworkIPResolution TransparentNetworkIPResolution TransparentNetworkIPResolution TransparentNetworkIPResolution

When the value of this key is set to true, the application is required to retrieve all IP addresses for a particular DNS entry and attempt to connect with the first one in the list. If the connection is not established within 0.5 seconds, the application will try to connect to all others in parallel. When the first answers, the application will establish the connection with the respondent IP address.

TrustServerCertificate TrustServerCertificate TrustServerCertificate TrustServerCertificate

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether the channel will be encrypted while bypassing walking the certificate chain to validate trust.

TypeSystemVersion TypeSystemVersion TypeSystemVersion TypeSystemVersion

Gets or sets a string value that indicates the type system the application expects.

UserID UserID UserID UserID

Gets or sets the user ID to be used when connecting to SQL Server.

UserInstance UserInstance UserInstance UserInstance

Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to redirect the connection from the default SQL Server Express instance to a runtime-initiated instance running under the account of the caller.

Values Values Values Values

Gets an ICollection that contains the values in the SqlConnectionStringBuilder.

WorkstationID WorkstationID WorkstationID WorkstationID

Gets or sets the name of the workstation connecting to SQL Server.

Methods

Add(String, Object) Add(String, Object) Add(String, Object) Add(String, Object)

Adds an entry with the specified key and value into the DbConnectionStringBuilder.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
Clear() Clear() Clear() Clear()

Clears the contents of the SqlConnectionStringBuilder instance.

ClearPropertyDescriptors() ClearPropertyDescriptors() ClearPropertyDescriptors() ClearPropertyDescriptors()

Clears the collection of PropertyDescriptor objects on the associated DbConnectionStringBuilder.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ContainsKey(String) ContainsKey(String) ContainsKey(String) ContainsKey(String)

Determines whether the SqlConnectionStringBuilder contains a specific key.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
EquivalentTo(DbConnectionStringBuilder) EquivalentTo(DbConnectionStringBuilder) EquivalentTo(DbConnectionStringBuilder) EquivalentTo(DbConnectionStringBuilder)

Compares the connection information in this DbConnectionStringBuilder object with the connection information in the supplied object.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetProperties(Hashtable) GetProperties(Hashtable) GetProperties(Hashtable) GetProperties(Hashtable)

Fills a supplied Hashtable with information about all the properties of this DbConnectionStringBuilder.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Remove(String) Remove(String) Remove(String) Remove(String)

Removes the entry with the specified key from the SqlConnectionStringBuilder instance.

ShouldSerialize(String) ShouldSerialize(String) ShouldSerialize(String) ShouldSerialize(String)

Indicates whether the specified key exists in this SqlConnectionStringBuilder instance.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns the connection string associated with this DbConnectionStringBuilder.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
TryGetValue(String, Object) TryGetValue(String, Object) TryGetValue(String, Object) TryGetValue(String, Object)

Retrieves a value corresponding to the supplied key from this SqlConnectionStringBuilder.

Explicit Interface Implementations

ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32) ICollection.CopyTo(Array, Int32)

Copies the elements of the ICollection to an Array, starting at a particular Array index.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetAttributes() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetAttributes() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetAttributes() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetAttributes()

Returns a collection of custom attributes for this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetClassName() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetClassName() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetClassName() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetClassName()

Returns the class name of this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetComponentName() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetComponentName() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetComponentName() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetComponentName()

Returns the name of this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetConverter() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetConverter() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetConverter() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetConverter()

Returns a type converter for this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetDefaultEvent() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetDefaultEvent() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetDefaultEvent() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetDefaultEvent()

Returns the default event for this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetDefaultProperty() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetDefaultProperty() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetDefaultProperty() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetDefaultProperty()

Returns the default property for this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEditor(Type) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEditor(Type) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEditor(Type) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEditor(Type)

Returns an editor of the specified type for this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEvents() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEvents() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEvents() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEvents()

Returns the events for this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEvents(Attribute[]) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEvents(Attribute[]) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEvents(Attribute[]) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetEvents(Attribute[])

Returns the events for this instance of a component using the specified attribute array as a filter.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetProperties() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetProperties() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetProperties() ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetProperties()

Returns the properties for this instance of a component.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Attribute[]) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Attribute[]) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Attribute[]) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetProperties(Attribute[])

Returns the properties for this instance of a component using the attribute array as a filter.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetPropertyOwner(PropertyDescriptor) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetPropertyOwner(PropertyDescriptor) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetPropertyOwner(PropertyDescriptor) ICustomTypeDescriptor.GetPropertyOwner(PropertyDescriptor)

Returns an object that contains the property described by the specified property descriptor.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
IDictionary.Add(Object, Object) IDictionary.Add(Object, Object) IDictionary.Add(Object, Object) IDictionary.Add(Object, Object)

Adds an element with the provided key and value to the IDictionary object.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
IDictionary.Contains(Object) IDictionary.Contains(Object) IDictionary.Contains(Object) IDictionary.Contains(Object)

Determines whether the IDictionary object contains an element with the specified key.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
IDictionary.GetEnumerator() IDictionary.GetEnumerator() IDictionary.GetEnumerator() IDictionary.GetEnumerator()

Returns an IDictionaryEnumerator object for the IDictionary object.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
IDictionary.Remove(Object) IDictionary.Remove(Object) IDictionary.Remove(Object) IDictionary.Remove(Object)

Removes the element with the specified key from the IDictionary object.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)
IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

Returns an enumerator that iterates through a collection.

(Inherited from DbConnectionStringBuilder)

Extension Methods

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable) OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable) AsParallel(IEnumerable)

Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable) AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

Applies to

See Also