EventLogInstaller.MessageResourceFile EventLogInstaller.MessageResourceFile EventLogInstaller.MessageResourceFile EventLogInstaller.MessageResourceFile Property

Definition

Gets or sets the path of the resource file that contains message formatting strings for the source.

public:
 property System::String ^ MessageResourceFile { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Diagnostics.Design.StringValueConverter, System.Design, Version=4.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Diagnostics.Design.StringValueConverter, System.Design, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
public string MessageResourceFile { get; set; }
member this.MessageResourceFile : string with get, set
Public Property MessageResourceFile As String

Property Value

The path of the message resource file. The default is an empty string ("").

Examples

The following code example sets the installation properties for a new event source. The code example sets the event source name, event log name, and resource file for localized event text.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Configuration.Install.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Configuration::Install;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

[RunInstaller(true)]
public ref class SampleEventLogInstaller : public Installer
{
private:
   EventLogInstaller^ myEventLogInstaller;

public:
   SampleEventLogInstaller()
   {
      
      // Create an instance of an EventLogInstaller.
      myEventLogInstaller = gcnew EventLogInstaller;
      
      // Set the source name of the event log.
      myEventLogInstaller->Source = "ApplicationEventSource";
      
      // Set the event log into which the source writes entries.
      //myEventLogInstaller.Log = "MyCustomLog";
      myEventLogInstaller->Log = "myNewLog";
      
      // Set the resource file for the event log.
      // The message strings are defined in EventLogMsgs.mc; the message 
      // identifiers used in the application must match those defined in the
      // corresponding message resource file. The messages must be built
      // into a Win32 resource library and copied to the target path on the
      // system.  
      myEventLogInstaller->CategoryResourceFile =
             Environment::SystemDirectory + "\\eventlogmsgs.dll";
      myEventLogInstaller->CategoryCount = 3;
      myEventLogInstaller->MessageResourceFile =
             Environment::SystemDirectory + "\\eventlogmsgs.dll";
      myEventLogInstaller->ParameterResourceFile =
             Environment::SystemDirectory + "\\eventlogmsgs.dll";

      // Add myEventLogInstaller to the installer collection.
      Installers->Add( myEventLogInstaller );
   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "Usage: InstallUtil.exe [<install>.exe | <install>.dll]" );
}

using System;
using System.Configuration.Install;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.ComponentModel;

[RunInstaller(true)]
public class SampleEventLogInstaller : Installer
{
    private EventLogInstaller myEventLogInstaller;

    public SampleEventLogInstaller() 
    {
        // Create an instance of an EventLogInstaller.
        myEventLogInstaller = new EventLogInstaller();

        // Set the source name of the event log.
        myEventLogInstaller.Source = "ApplicationEventSource";

        // Set the event log into which the source writes entries.
        //myEventLogInstaller.Log = "MyCustomLog";
        myEventLogInstaller.Log = "myNewLog";

        // Set the resource file for the event log.
        // The message strings are defined in EventLogMsgs.mc; the message 
        // identifiers used in the application must match those defined in the
        // corresponding message resource file. The messages must be built
        // into a Win32 resource library and copied to the target path on the
        // system.  
            
        myEventLogInstaller.CategoryResourceFile =
             Environment.SystemDirectory + "\\eventlogmsgs.dll";
        myEventLogInstaller.CategoryCount = 3;
        myEventLogInstaller.MessageResourceFile =
             Environment.SystemDirectory + "\\eventlogmsgs.dll";
        myEventLogInstaller.ParameterResourceFile =
             Environment.SystemDirectory + "\\eventlogmsgs.dll";

        // Add myEventLogInstaller to the installer collection.
        Installers.Add(myEventLogInstaller); 
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Usage: InstallUtil.exe [<install>.exe | <install>.dll]");
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Configuration.Install
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.ComponentModel

<RunInstaller(True)>  _
Public Class SampleEventLogInstaller
   Inherits Installer

   Private myEventLogInstaller As EventLogInstaller

   Public Sub New()

      ' Create an instance of an EventLogInstaller.
      myEventLogInstaller = New EventLogInstaller()

      ' Set the source name of the event log.
      myEventLogInstaller.Source = "ApplicationEventSource"

      ' Set the event log into which the source writes entries.
      myEventLogInstaller.Log = "MyCustomLog"

      ' Set the resource file for the event log.
      ' The message strings are defined in EventLogMsgs.mc; the message
      ' identifiers used in the application must match those defined in the
      ' corresponding message resource file. The messages must be built
      ' into a Win32 resource library and copied to the target path on the
      ' system.

      myEventLogInstaller.CategoryResourceFile = _
          Environment.SystemDirectory + "\eventlogmsgs.dll"
      myEventLogInstaller.CategoryCount = 3
      myEventLogInstaller.MessageResourceFile = _
          Environment.SystemDirectory + "\eventlogmsgs.dll"
      myEventLogInstaller.ParameterResourceFile = _
          Environment.SystemDirectory + "\eventlogmsgs.dll"

      ' Add myEventLogInstaller to the installer collection.
      Installers.Add(myEventLogInstaller)

   End Sub 'New

   Public Shared Sub Main()
     Console.WriteLine("Usage: InstallUtil.exe [<install>.exe | <install>.dll]")
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'MyEventLogInstaller

The code example uses the following message text file, built into the resource library EventLogMsgs.dll. A message text file is the source from which the message resource file is created. The message text file defines the resource identifiers and text for the category, event message, and parameter insertion strings.

; // EventLogMsgs.mc  
; // ********************************************************  

; // Use the following commands to build this file:  

; //   mc -s EventLogMsgs.mc  
; //   rc EventLogMsgs.rc  
; //   link /DLL /SUBSYSTEM:WINDOWS /NOENTRY /MACHINE:x86 EventLogMsgs.Res   
; // ********************************************************  

; // - Event categories -  
; // Categories must be numbered consecutively starting at 1.  
; // ********************************************************  

MessageId=0x1  
Severity=Success  
SymbolicName=INSTALL_CATEGORY  
Language=English  
Installation  
.  

MessageId=0x2  
Severity=Success  
SymbolicName=QUERY_CATEGORY  
Language=English  
Database Query  
.  

MessageId=0x3  
Severity=Success  
SymbolicName=REFRESH_CATEGORY  
Language=English  
Data Refresh  
.  

; // - Event messages -  
; // *********************************  

MessageId = 1000  
Severity = Success  
Facility = Application  
SymbolicName = AUDIT_SUCCESS_MESSAGE_ID_1000  
Language=English  
My application message text, in English, for message id 1000, called from %1.  
.  

MessageId = 1001  
Severity = Warning  
Facility = Application  
SymbolicName = AUDIT_FAILED_MESSAGE_ID_1001  
Language=English  
My application message text, in English, for message id 1001, called from %1.  
.  

MessageId = 1002  
Severity = Success  
Facility = Application  
SymbolicName = GENERIC_INFO_MESSAGE_ID_1002  
Language=English  
My generic information message in English, for message id 1002.  
.  

MessageId = 1003  
Severity = Warning  
Facility = Application  
SymbolicName = GENERIC_WARNING_MESSAGE_ID_1003  
Language=English  
My generic warning message in English, for message id 1003, called from %1.  
.  

MessageId = 1004  
Severity = Success  
Facility = Application  
SymbolicName = UPDATE_CYCLE_COMPLETE_MESSAGE_ID_1004  
Language=English  
The update cycle is complete for %%5002.  
.  

MessageId = 1005  
Severity = Warning  
Facility = Application  
SymbolicName = SERVER_CONNECTION_DOWN_MESSAGE_ID_1005  
Language=English  
The refresh operation did not complete because the connection to server %1 could not be established.  
.  

; // - Event log display name -  
; // ********************************************************  

MessageId = 5001  
Severity = Success  
Facility = Application  
SymbolicName = EVENT_LOG_DISPLAY_NAME_MSGID  
Language=English  
Sample Event Log  
.  

; // - Event message parameters -  
; //   Language independent insertion strings  
; // ********************************************************  

MessageId = 5002  
Severity = Success  
Facility = Application  
SymbolicName = EVENT_LOG_SERVICE_NAME_MSGID  
Language=English  
SVC_UPDATE.EXE  
.  

Remarks

Use the MessageResourceFile property to configure an event log source to write localized event messages. Event messages are application-defined strings that describe the event to the user.

Your application can write event log entries using resource identifiers. A resource identifier indexes a message located in the MessageResourceFile. The Event Viewer uses the resource identifier to find and display the corresponding string from the localized resource file based on current language settings.

The event source must be configured either for writing localized entries or for writing direct strings. Use the WriteEvent method to write localized entries for a source configured with a message resource file.

If your application writes event message strings directly, rather than using a resource identifier in a localized resource file, do not set the MessageResourceFile property.

If the MachineName property is not the local computer identifier ("."), the .NET Framework assumes that the resource file is on a remote computer. If the MessageResourceFile property value contains a drive letter, the resource file is assumed to be on the \\<machinename>\<drive>$ share (for example, \\server\c$). If the value contains the string %systemroot%, the resource file is assumed to be on the \\<machinename>\admin$ share (for example, \\server\admin$).

For details about defining event messages and building event resource files, see the "Message Compiler" topic in the Platform SDK documentation at http://msdn.microsoft.com.

Applies to

See also