PerformanceCounter.RawValue PerformanceCounter.RawValue PerformanceCounter.RawValue PerformanceCounter.RawValue Property

Definition

Gets or sets the raw, or uncalculated, value of this counter.

public:
 property long RawValue { long get(); void set(long value); };
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
public long RawValue { get; set; }
member this.RawValue : int64 with get, set
Public Property RawValue As Long

Property Value

The raw value of the counter.

Exceptions

You are trying to set the counter's raw value, but the counter is read-only.

-or-

The instance is not correctly associated with a performance counter.

-or-

The InstanceLifetime property is set to Process when using global shared memory.

An error occurred when accessing a system API.

Code that is executing without administrative privileges attempted to read a performance counter.

Examples

The following example uses the CounterSample class to display the value of the RawValue property for a counter.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;

// Output information about the counter sample.
void OutputSample( CounterSample s )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "\r\n+++++++++++" );
   Console::WriteLine( "Sample values - \r\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   BaseValue        = {0}", s.BaseValue );
   Console::WriteLine( "   CounterFrequency = {0}", s.CounterFrequency );
   Console::WriteLine( "   CounterTimeStamp = {0}", s.CounterTimeStamp );
   Console::WriteLine( "   CounterType      = {0}", s.CounterType );
   Console::WriteLine( "   RawValue         = {0}", s.RawValue );
   Console::WriteLine( "   SystemFrequency  = {0}", s.SystemFrequency );
   Console::WriteLine( "   TimeStamp        = {0}", s.TimeStamp );
   Console::WriteLine( "   TimeStamp100nSec = {0}", s.TimeStamp100nSec );
   Console::WriteLine( "++++++++++++++++++++++" );
}

//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
//    Description - This counter type shows how many items are processed, on average,
//        during an operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the items 
//        processed (such as bytes sent) to the number of operations completed. The  
//        ratio is calculated by comparing the number of items processed during the 
//        last interval to the number of operations completed during the last interval. 
// Generic type - Average
//      Formula - (N1 - N0) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N) represents the number 
//        of items processed during the last sample interval and the denominator (D) 
//        represents the number of operations completed during the last two sample 
//        intervals. 
//    Average (Nx - N0) / (Dx - D0)  
//    Example PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk Bytes/Transfer 
//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
float MyComputeCounterValue( CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1 )
{
   float numerator = (float)s1.RawValue - (float)s0.RawValue;
   float denomenator = (float)s1.BaseValue - (float)s0.BaseValue;
   float counterValue = numerator / denomenator;
   return counterValue;
}

bool SetupCategory()
{
   if (  !PerformanceCounterCategory::Exists( "AverageCounter64SampleCategory" ) )
   {
      CounterCreationDataCollection^ CCDC = gcnew CounterCreationDataCollection;
      
      // Add the counter.
      CounterCreationData^ averageCount64 = gcnew CounterCreationData;
      averageCount64->CounterType = PerformanceCounterType::AverageCount64;
      averageCount64->CounterName = "AverageCounter64Sample";
      CCDC->Add( averageCount64 );
      
      // Add the base counter.
      CounterCreationData^ averageCount64Base = gcnew CounterCreationData;
      averageCount64Base->CounterType = PerformanceCounterType::AverageBase;
      averageCount64Base->CounterName = "AverageCounter64SampleBase";
      CCDC->Add( averageCount64Base );
      
      // Create the category.
      PerformanceCounterCategory::Create( "AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "Demonstrates usage of the AverageCounter64 performance counter type.", CCDC );
      return (true);
   }
   else
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Category exists - AverageCounter64SampleCategory" );
      return (false);
   }
}

void CreateCounters( PerformanceCounter^% PC, PerformanceCounter^% BPC )
{
   
   // Create the counters.
   PC = gcnew PerformanceCounter( "AverageCounter64SampleCategory","AverageCounter64Sample",false );

   BPC = gcnew PerformanceCounter( "AverageCounter64SampleCategory","AverageCounter64SampleBase",false );
   PC->RawValue = 0;
   BPC->RawValue = 0;
}
void CollectSamples( ArrayList^ samplesList, PerformanceCounter^ PC, PerformanceCounter^ BPC )
{
   Random^ r = gcnew Random( DateTime::Now.Millisecond );

   // Loop for the samples.
   for ( int j = 0; j < 100; j++ )
   {
      int value = r->Next( 1, 10 );
      Console::Write( "{0} = {1}", j, value );
      PC->IncrementBy( value );
      BPC->Increment();
      if ( (j % 10) == 9 )
      {
         OutputSample( PC->NextSample() );
         samplesList->Add( PC->NextSample() );
      }
      else
            Console::WriteLine();
      System::Threading::Thread::Sleep( 50 );
   }
}

void CalculateResults( ArrayList^ samplesList )
{
   for ( int i = 0; i < (samplesList->Count - 1); i++ )
   {
      // Output the sample.
      OutputSample(  *safe_cast<CounterSample^>(samplesList[ i ]) );
      OutputSample(  *safe_cast<CounterSample^>(samplesList[ i + 1 ]) );
      
      // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
      Console::WriteLine( ".NET computed counter value = {0}", CounterSampleCalculator::ComputeCounterValue(  *safe_cast<CounterSample^>(samplesList[ i ]),  *safe_cast<CounterSample^>(samplesList[ i + 1 ]) ) );
      
      // Calculate the counter value manually.
      Console::WriteLine( "My computed counter value = {0}", MyComputeCounterValue(  *safe_cast<CounterSample^>(samplesList[ i ]),  *safe_cast<CounterSample^>(samplesList[ i + 1 ]) ) );
   }
}

int main()
{
   ArrayList^ samplesList = gcnew ArrayList;
   PerformanceCounter^ PC;
   PerformanceCounter^ BPC;
   SetupCategory();
   CreateCounters( PC, BPC );
   CollectSamples( samplesList, PC, BPC );
   CalculateResults( samplesList );
}

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Diagnostics;

public class App {

    private static PerformanceCounter avgCounter64Sample;
    private static PerformanceCounter avgCounter64SampleBase;

    public static void Main()
    {
    
        ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();

        // If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        // Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        // There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        // prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        // Execute this sample a second time to use the category.
        if (SetupCategory())
            return;
        CreateCounters();
        CollectSamples(samplesList);
        CalculateResults(samplesList);

    }

    private static bool SetupCategory()
    {
        if ( !PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("AverageCounter64SampleCategory") ) 
        {

            CounterCreationDataCollection counterDataCollection = new CounterCreationDataCollection();

            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData averageCount64 = new CounterCreationData();
            averageCount64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageCount64;
            averageCount64.CounterName = "AverageCounter64Sample";
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64);

            // Add the base counter.
            CounterCreationData averageCount64Base = new CounterCreationData();
            averageCount64Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase;
            averageCount64Base.CounterName = "AverageCounter64SampleBase";
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64Base);

            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("AverageCounter64SampleCategory",
                "Demonstrates usage of the AverageCounter64 performance counter type.",
                PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, counterDataCollection);

            return(true);
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - AverageCounter64SampleCategory");
            return(false);
        }
    }

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counters.

        avgCounter64Sample = new PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", 
            "AverageCounter64Sample", 
            false);


        avgCounter64SampleBase = new PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", 
            "AverageCounter64SampleBase", 
            false);

        avgCounter64Sample.RawValue=0;
        avgCounter64SampleBase.RawValue=0;
    }
    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {

        Random r = new Random( DateTime.Now.Millisecond );

        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++) 
        {

            int value = r.Next(1, 10);
            Console.Write(j + " = " + value);

            avgCounter64Sample.IncrementBy(value);

            avgCounter64SampleBase.Increment();

            if ((j % 10) == 9) 
            {
                OutputSample(avgCounter64Sample.NextSample());
                samplesList.Add( avgCounter64Sample.NextSample() );
            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine();

            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }

    }

    private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        for(int i = 0; i < (samplesList.Count - 1); i++)
        {
            // Output the sample.
            OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i] );
            OutputSample( (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1] );

            // Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " +
                CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

            // Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + 
                MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList[i],
                (CounterSample)samplesList[i+1]) );

        }
    }

    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    //    Description - This counter type shows how many items are processed, on average,
    //        during an operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the items 
    //        processed (such as bytes sent) to the number of operations completed. The  
    //        ratio is calculated by comparing the number of items processed during the 
    //        last interval to the number of operations completed during the last interval. 
    // Generic type - Average
    //      Formula - (N1 - N0) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N) represents the number 
    //        of items processed during the last sample interval and the denominator (D) 
    //        represents the number of operations completed during the last two sample 
    //        intervals. 
    //    Average (Nx - N0) / (Dx - D0)  
    //    Example PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk Bytes/Transfer 
    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    private static Single MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0, CounterSample s1)
    {
        Single numerator = (Single)s1.RawValue - (Single)s0.RawValue;
        Single denomenator = (Single)s1.BaseValue - (Single)s0.BaseValue;
        Single counterValue = numerator / denomenator;
        return(counterValue);
    }

    // Output information about the counter sample.
    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType);
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue);
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp);
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec);
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
    }
}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class App

    Private Shared avgCounter64Sample As PerformanceCounter
    Private Shared avgCounter64SampleBase As PerformanceCounter


    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()
        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If

    End Sub

    Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
        If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("AverageCounter64SampleCategory") Then

            Dim counterDataCollection As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

            ' Add the counter.
            Dim averageCount64 As New CounterCreationData()
            averageCount64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageCount64
            averageCount64.CounterName = "AverageCounter64Sample"
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64)

            ' Add the base counter.
            Dim averageCount64Base As New CounterCreationData()
            averageCount64Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase
            averageCount64Base.CounterName = "AverageCounter64SampleBase"
            counterDataCollection.Add(averageCount64Base)

            ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", _
               "Demonstrates usage of the AverageCounter64 performance counter type.", _
                      PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, counterDataCollection)

            Return True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - AverageCounter64SampleCategory")
            Return False
        End If
    End Function 'SetupCategory

    Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
        ' Create the counters.

        avgCounter64Sample = New PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "AverageCounter64Sample", False)

        avgCounter64SampleBase = New PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "AverageCounter64SampleBase", False)

        avgCounter64Sample.RawValue = 0
        avgCounter64SampleBase.RawValue = 0
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)

        Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

        ' Loop for the samples.
        Dim j As Integer
        For j = 0 To 99

            Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write(j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString())

            avgCounter64Sample.IncrementBy(value)

            avgCounter64SampleBase.Increment()

            If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
                OutputSample(avgCounter64Sample.NextSample())
                samplesList.Add(avgCounter64Sample.NextSample())
            Else
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
        Next j
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(ByVal samplesList As ArrayList)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
            ' Output the sample.
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
            OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

            ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

            ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
        Next i
    End Sub

    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    '	Description - This counter type shows how many items are processed, on average,
    '		during an operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the items 
    '		processed (such as bytes sent) to the number of operations completed. The  
    '		ratio is calculated by comparing the number of items processed during the 
    '		last interval to the number of operations completed during the last interval. 
    ' Generic type - Average
    '  	Formula - (N1 - N0) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N) represents the number 
    '		of items processed during the last sample interval and the denominator (D) 
    '		represents the number of operations completed during the last two sample 
    '		intervals. 
    '	Average (Nx - N0) / (Dx - D0)  
    '	Example PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk Bytes/Transfer 
    '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(ByVal s0 As CounterSample, ByVal s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
        Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.RawValue, [Single])
        Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.BaseValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.BaseValue, [Single])
        Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator
        Return counterValue
    End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue

    ' Output information about the counter sample.
    Private Shared Sub OutputSample(ByVal s As CounterSample)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

If the counter type is a 32-bit size and you attempt to set this property to a value that is too large to fit, the property truncates the value to 32 bits. When reading custom counters on the local computer, using the RawValue property rather than a calculated value can produce significantly better performance in scenarios where the raw value is sufficient.

If the counter that you are reading is read-only, getting the RawValue property samples the counter at the time that the property is called. This action is equivalent to making an initial call to the NextSample method. If you subsequently call NextSample, you can perform calculations on the values that both calls returned.

Because system counters are read-only, you can get but not set their raw values.

Note

The Increment, IncrementBy, and Decrement methods use interlocks to update the counter value. This helps keep the counter value accurate in multithreaded or multiprocess scenarios, but also results in a performance penalty. If you do not need the accuracy that interlocked operations provide, you can update the RawValue property directly for up to a 5 times performance improvement. However, in multithreaded scenarios, some updates to the counter value might be ignored, resulting in inaccurate data.

Note

If the value for the InstanceLifetime property is Process and the performance counter category was created with .NET Framework version 1.0 or 1.1, an InvalidOperationException is thrown. Performance counter categories created with earlier versions use global shared memory, and the value for InstanceLifetime must be Global. If the category is not used by applications running on versions 1.0 or 1.1 of the .NET Framework, delete and recreate the category.

Note

To read performance counters in Windows Vista, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, or Windows Server 2003, you must either be a member of the Performance Monitor Users group or have administrative privileges.

To avoid having to elevate your privileges to access performance counters in Windows Vista, add yourself to the Performance Monitor Users group.

In Windows Vista, User Account Control (UAC) determines the privileges of a user. If you are a member of the Built-in Administrators group, you are assigned two run-time access tokens: a standard user access token and an administrator access token. By default, you are in the standard user role. To execute the code that accesses performance counters, you must first elevate your privileges from standard user to administrator. You can do this when you start an application by right-clicking the application icon and indicating that you want to run as an administrator.

Security

PerformanceCounterPermission
for writing the performance counter category. Associated enumeration: Write.

Applies to