BitmapData BitmapData BitmapData BitmapData Class

Definition

Specifies the attributes of a bitmap image. The BitmapData class is used by the LockBits and UnlockBits(BitmapData) methods of the Bitmap class. Not inheritable.

public ref class BitmapData sealed
public sealed class BitmapData
type BitmapData = class
Public NotInheritable Class BitmapData
Inheritance
BitmapDataBitmapDataBitmapDataBitmapData

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use the BitmapData class with the LockBits and UnlockBits methods. This example is designed to be used with Windows Forms. To run this example, paste it into a form and handle the form's Paint event by calling the LockUnlockBitsExample method, passing e as PaintEventArgs.

void LockUnlockBitsExample( PaintEventArgs^ e )
{
   // Create a new bitmap.
   Bitmap^ bmp = gcnew Bitmap( "c:\\fakePhoto.jpg" );

   // Lock the bitmap's bits.  
   Rectangle rect = Rectangle(0,0,bmp->Width,bmp->Height);
   System::Drawing::Imaging::BitmapData^ bmpData = bmp->LockBits( rect, System::Drawing::Imaging::ImageLockMode::ReadWrite, bmp->PixelFormat );

   // Get the address of the first line.
   IntPtr ptr = bmpData->Scan0;

   // Declare an array to hold the bytes of the bitmap.
   // This code is specific to a bitmap with 24 bits per pixels.
   int bytes = Math::Abs(bmpData->Stride) * bmp->Height;
   array<Byte>^rgbValues = gcnew array<Byte>(bytes);

   // Copy the RGB values into the array.
   System::Runtime::InteropServices::Marshal::Copy( ptr, rgbValues, 0, bytes );

   // Set every third value to 255.  
   for ( int counter = 2; counter < rgbValues->Length; counter += 3 )
      rgbValues[ counter ] = 255;

   // Copy the RGB values back to the bitmap
   System::Runtime::InteropServices::Marshal::Copy( rgbValues, 0, ptr, bytes );

   // Unlock the bits.
   bmp->UnlockBits( bmpData );

   // Draw the modified image.
   e->Graphics->DrawImage( bmp, 0, 150 );
}
    private void LockUnlockBitsExample(PaintEventArgs e)
        {

            // Create a new bitmap.
            Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap("c:\\fakePhoto.jpg");

            // Lock the bitmap's bits.  
            Rectangle rect = new Rectangle(0, 0, bmp.Width, bmp.Height);
            System.Drawing.Imaging.BitmapData bmpData =
                bmp.LockBits(rect, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageLockMode.ReadWrite,
                bmp.PixelFormat);

            // Get the address of the first line.
            IntPtr ptr = bmpData.Scan0;

            // Declare an array to hold the bytes of the bitmap.
            int bytes  = Math.Abs(bmpData.Stride) * bmp.Height;
���         byte[] rgbValues = new byte[bytes];

            // Copy the RGB values into the array.
            System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.Copy(ptr, rgbValues, 0, bytes);

            // Set every third value to 255. A 24bpp bitmap will look red.  
            for (int counter = 2; counter < rgbValues.Length; counter += 3)
                rgbValues[counter] = 255;

            // Copy the RGB values back to the bitmap
            System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.Copy(rgbValues, 0, ptr, bytes);

            // Unlock the bits.
            bmp.UnlockBits(bmpData);

            // Draw the modified image.
            e.Graphics.DrawImage(bmp, 0, 150);

        }
    
Private Sub LockUnlockBitsExample(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)

    ' Create a new bitmap.
    Dim bmp As New Bitmap("c:\fakePhoto.jpg")

    ' Lock the bitmap's bits.  
    Dim rect As New Rectangle(0, 0, bmp.Width, bmp.Height)
    Dim bmpData As System.Drawing.Imaging.BitmapData = bmp.LockBits(rect, _
        Drawing.Imaging.ImageLockMode.ReadWrite, bmp.PixelFormat)

    ' Get the address of the first line.
    Dim ptr As IntPtr = bmpData.Scan0

    ' Declare an array to hold the bytes of the bitmap.
    ' This code is specific to a bitmap with 24 bits per pixels.
    Dim bytes As Integer = Math.Abs(bmpData.Stride) * bmp.Height
    Dim rgbValues(bytes - 1) As Byte

    ' Copy the RGB values into the array.
    System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.Copy(ptr, rgbValues, 0, bytes)

    ' Set every third value to 255. A 24bpp image will look red.
    For counter As Integer = 2 To rgbValues.Length - 1 Step 3
        rgbValues(counter) = 255
    Next

    ' Copy the RGB values back to the bitmap
    System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal.Copy(rgbValues, 0, ptr, bytes)

    ' Unlock the bits.
    bmp.UnlockBits(bmpData)

    ' Draw the modified image.
    e.Graphics.DrawImage(bmp, 0, 150)

End Sub

Constructors

BitmapData() BitmapData() BitmapData() BitmapData()

Initializes a new instance of the BitmapData class.

Properties

Height Height Height Height

Gets or sets the pixel height of the Bitmap object. Also sometimes referred to as the number of scan lines.

PixelFormat PixelFormat PixelFormat PixelFormat

Gets or sets the format of the pixel information in the Bitmap object that returned this BitmapData object.

Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved

Reserved. Do not use.

Scan0 Scan0 Scan0 Scan0

Gets or sets the address of the first pixel data in the bitmap. This can also be thought of as the first scan line in the bitmap.

Stride Stride Stride Stride

Gets or sets the stride width (also called scan width) of the Bitmap object.

Width Width Width Width

Gets or sets the pixel width of the Bitmap object. This can also be thought of as the number of pixels in one scan line.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to