PropertyItem PropertyItem PropertyItem PropertyItem Class

Definition

Encapsulates a metadata property to be included in an image file. Not inheritable.

public ref class PropertyItem sealed
public sealed class PropertyItem
type PropertyItem = class
Public NotInheritable Class PropertyItem
Inheritance
PropertyItemPropertyItemPropertyItemPropertyItem

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to read and display the metadata in an image file using the PropertyItem class and the Image.PropertyItems property.

This example is designed to be used in a Windows Form that imports the System.Drawing.Imaging namespace. Paste the code into the form and change the path to fakePhoto.jpg to point to an image file on your system. Call the ExtractMetaData method when handling the form's Paint event, passing e as PaintEventArgs.

private:
   void ExtractMetaData( PaintEventArgs^ e )
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Create an Image object. 
         Image^ theImage = gcnew Bitmap( "c:\\fakePhoto.jpg" );
         
         // Get the PropertyItems property from image.
         array<PropertyItem^>^propItems = theImage->PropertyItems;
         
         // Set up the display.
         System::Drawing::Font^ font1 = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Arial",10 );
         SolidBrush^ blackBrush = gcnew SolidBrush( Color::Black );
         int X = 0;
         int Y = 0;
         
         // For each PropertyItem in the array, display the id, 
         // type, and length.
         int count = 0;
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = propItems->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
         {
            PropertyItem^ propItem = safe_cast<PropertyItem^>(myEnum->Current);
            e->Graphics->DrawString( String::Format( "Property Item {0}", count ), font1, blackBrush, (float)X, (float)Y );
            Y += font1->Height;
            e->Graphics->DrawString( String::Format( "   ID: 0x{0}", propItem->Id.ToString( "x" ) ), font1, blackBrush, (float)X, (float)Y );
            Y += font1->Height;
            e->Graphics->DrawString( String::Format( "   type: {0}", propItem->Type ), font1, blackBrush, (float)X, (float)Y );
            Y += font1->Height;
            e->Graphics->DrawString( String::Format( "   length: {0} bytes", propItem->Len ), font1, blackBrush, (float)X, (float)Y );
            Y += font1->Height;
            count += 1;
         }
         delete font1;
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ) 
      {
         MessageBox::Show( "There was an error."
         "Make sure the path to the image file is valid." );
      }

   }
private void ExtractMetaData(PaintEventArgs e)
{
    try
    {
        // Create an Image object. 
        Image theImage = new Bitmap("c:\\fakePhoto.jpg");

        // Get the PropertyItems property from image.
        PropertyItem[] propItems = theImage.PropertyItems;

        // Set up the display.
        Font font1 = new Font("Arial", 10);
        SolidBrush blackBrush = new SolidBrush(Color.Black);
        int X = 0;
        int Y = 0;

        // For each PropertyItem in the array, display the id, 
        // type, and length.
        int count = 0;
        foreach ( PropertyItem propItem in propItems )
        {
            e.Graphics.DrawString("Property Item " + 
                count.ToString(), font1, blackBrush, X, Y);
            Y += font1.Height;

            e.Graphics.DrawString("   ID: 0x" + 
                propItem.Id.ToString("x"), font1, blackBrush, X, Y);
            Y += font1.Height;

            e.Graphics.DrawString("   type: " +
                propItem.Type.ToString(), font1, blackBrush, X, Y);
            Y += font1.Height;

            e.Graphics.DrawString("   length: " + 
                propItem.Len.ToString() + 
                " bytes", font1, blackBrush, X, Y);
            Y += font1.Height;
            count += 1;
        }
        font1.Dispose();
    }
    catch(Exception)
    {
        MessageBox.Show("There was an error." + 
            "Make sure the path to the image file is valid.");
    }

}
Private Sub ExtractMetaData(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)

    Try
        'Create an Image object. 
        Dim theImage As Image = New Bitmap("c:\fakePhoto.jpg")

        'Get the PropertyItems property from image.
        Dim propItems As PropertyItem() = theImage.PropertyItems

        'Set up the display.
        Dim font As New font("Arial", 10)
        Dim blackBrush As New SolidBrush(Color.Black)
        Dim X As Integer = 0
        Dim Y As Integer = 0

        'For each PropertyItem in the array, display the id, type, and length.
        Dim count As Integer = 0
        Dim propItem As PropertyItem
        For Each propItem In propItems

            e.Graphics.DrawString("Property Item " + count.ToString(), _
               font, blackBrush, X, Y)
            Y += font.Height

            e.Graphics.DrawString("   iD: 0x" & propItem.Id.ToString("x"), _
               font, blackBrush, X, Y)
            Y += font.Height

            e.Graphics.DrawString("   type: " & propItem.Type.ToString(), _
               font, blackBrush, X, Y)
            Y += font.Height

            e.Graphics.DrawString("   length: " & propItem.Len.ToString() & _
                " bytes", font, blackBrush, X, Y)
            Y += font.Height

            count += 1
        Next propItem

        font.Dispose()
    Catch ex As ArgumentException
        MessageBox.Show("There was an error. Make sure the path to the image file is valid.")
    End Try

End Sub

Remarks

The data consists of: an identifier, the length (in bytes) of the property, the property type, and a pointer to the property value.

A PropertyItem is not intended to be used as a stand-alone object. A PropertyItem object is intended to be used by classes that are derived from Image. A PropertyItem object is used to retrieve and to change the metadata of existing image files, not to create the metadata. Therefore, the PropertyItem class does not have a defined Public constructor, and you cannot create an instance of a PropertyItem object.

To work around the absence of a Public constructor, use an existing PropertyItem object instead of creating a new instance of the PropertyItem class. For more information, see Image.GetPropertyItem.

Properties

Id Id Id Id

Gets or sets the ID of the property.

Len Len Len Len

Gets or sets the length (in bytes) of the Value property.

Type Type Type Type

Gets or sets an integer that defines the type of data contained in the Value property.

Value Value Value Value

Gets or sets the value of the property item.

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to

See also