DynamicObject.TryConvert(ConvertBinder, Object) DynamicObject.TryConvert(ConvertBinder, Object) DynamicObject.TryConvert(ConvertBinder, Object) DynamicObject.TryConvert(ConvertBinder, Object) Method

Definition

Provides implementation for type conversion operations. Classes derived from the DynamicObject class can override this method to specify dynamic behavior for operations that convert an object from one type to another.

public:
 virtual bool TryConvert(System::Dynamic::ConvertBinder ^ binder, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] System::Object ^ % result);
public virtual bool TryConvert (System.Dynamic.ConvertBinder binder, out object result);
abstract member TryConvert : System.Dynamic.ConvertBinder *  -> bool
override this.TryConvert : System.Dynamic.ConvertBinder *  -> bool
Public Overridable Function TryConvert (binder As ConvertBinder, ByRef result As Object) As Boolean

Parameters

binder
ConvertBinder ConvertBinder ConvertBinder ConvertBinder

Provides information about the conversion operation. The binder.Type property provides the type to which the object must be converted. For example, for the statement (String)sampleObject in C# (CType(sampleObject, Type) in Visual Basic), where sampleObject is an instance of the class derived from the DynamicObject class, binder.Type returns the String type. The binder.Explicit property provides information about the kind of conversion that occurs. It returns true for explicit conversion and false for implicit conversion.

result
Object Object Object Object

The result of the type conversion operation.

Returns

true if the operation is successful; otherwise, false. If this method returns false, the run-time binder of the language determines the behavior. (In most cases, a language-specific run-time exception is thrown.)

Examples

Assume that you need a data structure to store textual and numeric representations of numbers, and you want to define conversions of this data structure to strings and integers.

The following code example demonstrates the DynamicNumber class, which is derived from the DynamicObject class. DynamicNumber overrides the TryConvert method to enable type conversion. It also overrides the TrySetMember and TryGetMember methods to enable access to the data elements.

In this example, only conversion to strings and integers is supported. If you try to convert an object to any other type, a run-time exception is thrown.

// The class derived from DynamicObject.
public class DynamicNumber : DynamicObject
{
    // The inner dictionary.
    Dictionary<string, object> dictionary
        = new Dictionary<string, object>();

    // Getting a property.
    public override bool TryGetMember(
        GetMemberBinder binder, out object result)
    {
        return dictionary.TryGetValue(binder.Name, out result);
    }

    // Setting a property.
    public override bool TrySetMember(
        SetMemberBinder binder, object value)
    {
        dictionary[binder.Name] = value;
        return true;
    }

    // Converting an object to a specified type.
    public override bool TryConvert(
        ConvertBinder binder, out object result)
    {
        // Converting to string. 
        if (binder.Type == typeof(String))
        {
            result = dictionary["Textual"];
            return true;
        }

        // Converting to integer.
        if (binder.Type == typeof(int))
        {
            result = dictionary["Numeric"];
            return true;
        }

        // In case of any other type, the binder 
        // attempts to perform the conversion itself.
        // In most cases, a run-time exception is thrown.
        return base.TryConvert(binder, out result);
    }
}

class Program
{
    static void Test(string[] args)
    {
        // Creating the first dynamic number.
        dynamic number = new DynamicNumber();

        // Creating properties and setting their values
        // for the dynamic number.
        // The TrySetMember method is called.
        number.Textual = "One";
        number.Numeric = 1;

        // Implicit conversion to integer.
        int testImplicit = number;

        // Explicit conversion to string.
        string testExplicit = (String)number;

        Console.WriteLine(testImplicit);
        Console.WriteLine(testExplicit);

        // The following statement produces a run-time exception
        // because the conversion to double is not implemented.
        // double test = number;
    }
}

// This example has the following output:

// 1
// One
' Add Imports System.Linq.Expressions
' to the beginning of the file.
' The class derived from DynamicObject.
Public Class DynamicNumber
    Inherits DynamicObject

    ' The inner dictionary to store field names and values.
    Dim dictionary As New Dictionary(Of String, Object)

    ' Get the property value.
    Public Overrides Function TryGetMember(
        ByVal binder As System.Dynamic.GetMemberBinder,
        ByRef result As Object) As Boolean

        Return dictionary.TryGetValue(binder.Name, result)

    End Function

    ' Set the property value.
    Public Overrides Function TrySetMember(
        ByVal binder As System.Dynamic.SetMemberBinder,
        ByVal value As Object) As Boolean

        dictionary(binder.Name) = value
        Return True

    End Function

    Public Overrides Function TryConvert(ByVal binder As System.Dynamic.ConvertBinder, ByRef result As Object) As Boolean
        ' Converting to string. 
        If binder.Type = GetType(String) Then
            result = dictionary("Textual")
            Return True
        End If

        ' Converting to integer.
        If binder.Type = GetType(Integer) Then
            result = dictionary("Numeric")
            Return True
        End If
        ' In case of any other type, the binder 
        ' attempts to perform the conversion itself.
        ' In most cases, a run-time exception is thrown.
        Return MyBase.TryConvert(binder, result)
    End Function
End Class

Sub Main()
    ' Creating the first dynamic number.
    Dim number As Object = New DynamicNumber()

    ' Creating properties and setting their values
    ' for the dynamic number.
    ' The TrySetMember method is called.
    number.Textual = "One"
    number.Numeric = 1


    ' Explicit conversion to string.
    Dim testString = CTypeDynamic(Of String)(number)
    Console.WriteLine(testString)

    ' Explicit conversion to integer.
    Dim testInteger = CTypeDynamic(number, GetType(Integer))
    Console.WriteLine(testInteger)

    ' The following statement produces a run-time exception
    ' because the conversion to double is not implemented.
    ' Dim testDouble = CTypeDynamic(Of Double)(number)

End Sub
' This example has the following output:

' One
' 1

Remarks

Classes derived from the DynamicObject class can override this method to specify how a type conversion should be performed for a dynamic object. When the method is not overridden, the run-time binder of the language determines the behavior. (In most cases, a language-specific run-time exception is thrown.)

In C#, if this method is overridden, it is automatically invoked when you have an explicit or implicit conversion, as shown in the code example below.

In Visual Basic, only explicit conversion is supported. If you override this method, you call it by using the CTypeDynamic or CTypeDynamic functions.

// Explicit conversion.  
String sampleExplicit = (String)sampleObject;  
// Implicit conversion.  
String sampleImplicit = sampleObject;  
// Explicit conversion - first variant.  
Dim testExplicit1 = CTypeDynamic(Of String)(sampleObject)  
// Explicit conversion - second variant.  
Dim testExplicit2 = CTypeDynamic(sampleObject, GetType(String))  

Applies to