GC.Collect GC.Collect GC.Collect GC.Collect Method

Definition

Forces garbage collection.

Overloads

Collect() Collect() Collect() Collect()

Forces an immediate garbage collection of all generations.

Collect(Int32) Collect(Int32) Collect(Int32) Collect(Int32)

Forces an immediate garbage collection from generation 0 through a specified generation.

Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode)

Forces a garbage collection from generation 0 through a specified generation, at a time specified by a GCCollectionMode value.

Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean)

Forces a garbage collection from generation 0 through a specified generation, at a time specified by a GCCollectionMode value, with a value specifying whether the collection should be blocking.

Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean)

Forces a garbage collection from generation 0 through a specified generation, at a time specified by a GCCollectionMode value, with values that specify whether the collection should be blocking and compacting.

Collect() Collect() Collect() Collect()

Forces an immediate garbage collection of all generations.

public:
 static void Collect();
public static void Collect ();
static member Collect : unit -> unit
Public Shared Sub Collect ()

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to use the Collect method to perform a collection on all generations of memory. The code generates a number of unused objects, and then calls the Collect method to clean them from memory.

using namespace System;

const int maxGarbage = 1000;

void MakeSomeGarbage()
{
   Version^ vt;
   for ( int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++ ) {
      // Create objects and release them to fill up memory with unused objects.
      vt = gcnew Version;
   }
}

void main()
{
   // Put some objects in memory.
   MakeSomeGarbage();
   Console::WriteLine("Memory used before collection:       {0:N0}", 
                      GC::GetTotalMemory( false ) );
   
   // Collect all generations of memory.
   GC::Collect();
   Console::WriteLine("Memory used after full collection:   {0:N0}", 
                      GC::GetTotalMemory( true ) );
}
// The output from the example resembles the following:
//       Memory used before collection:       79,392
//       Memory used after full collection:   52,640
using System;

class MyGCCollectClass
{
   private const int maxGarbage = 1000;

   static void Main()
   {
      // Put some objects in memory.
      MyGCCollectClass.MakeSomeGarbage();
      Console.WriteLine("Memory used before collection:       {0:N0}", 
                        GC.GetTotalMemory(false));
      
      // Collect all generations of memory.
      GC.Collect();
      Console.WriteLine("Memory used after full collection:   {0:N0}", 
                        GC.GetTotalMemory(true));
   }

   static void MakeSomeGarbage()
   {
      Version vt;

      // Create objects and release them to fill up memory with unused objects.
      for(int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++) {
         vt = new Version();
      }
   }
}
// The output from the example resembles the following:
//       Memory used before collection:       79,392
//       Memory used after full collection:   52,640
Class MyGCCollectClass
     Private Const maxGarbage As Integer = 1000

     Shared Sub Main()
         'Put some objects in memory.
         MyGCCollectClass.MakeSomeGarbage()
         Console.WriteLine("Memory used before collection:       {0:N0}", 
                           GC.GetTotalMemory(False))

         'Collect all generations of memory.
         GC.Collect()
         Console.WriteLine("Memory used after full collection:   {0:N0}", 
                           GC.GetTotalMemory(True))
     End Sub

     Shared Sub MakeSomeGarbage()
         Dim vt As Version

         Dim i As Integer
         For i = 0 To maxGarbage - 1
             'Create objects and release them to fill up memory with unused objects.
             vt = New Version()
         Next 
     End Sub
 End Class
' The output from the example resembles the following:
'       Memory used before collection:       79,392
'       Memory used after full collection:   52,640

Remarks

Use this method to try to reclaim all memory that is inaccessible. It performs a blocking garbage collection of all generations.

All objects, regardless of how long they have been in memory, are considered for collection; however, objects that are referenced in managed code are not collected. Use this method to force the system to try to reclaim the maximum amount of available memory.

Starting with the .NET Framework 4.5.1, you can compact the large object heap (LOH) by setting the GCSettings.LargeObjectHeapCompactionMode property to GCLargeObjectHeapCompactionMode.CompactOnce before calling the Collect method, as the following example illustrates.

GCSettings.LargeObjectHeapCompactionMode = GCLargeObjectHeapCompactionMode.CompactOnce;
GC.Collect();      
GCSettings.LargeObjectHeapCompactionMode = GCLargeObjectHeapCompactionMode.CompactOnce
GC.Collect()      
See Also

Collect(Int32) Collect(Int32) Collect(Int32) Collect(Int32)

Forces an immediate garbage collection from generation 0 through a specified generation.

public:
 static void Collect(int generation);
public static void Collect (int generation);
static member Collect : int -> unit
Public Shared Sub Collect (generation As Integer)
Parameters
generation
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The number of the oldest generation to be garbage collected.

Exceptions

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to use the Collect method to perform a collection on individual layers of memory. The code generates a number of unused objects, and then calls the Collect method to clean them from memory.

using namespace System;
const long maxGarbage = 1000;
ref class MyGCCollectClass
{
public:
   void MakeSomeGarbage()
   {
      Version^ vt;
      for ( int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++ )
      {
         
         // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
         // with unused objects.
         vt = gcnew Version;

      }
   }

};

int main()
{
   MyGCCollectClass^ myGCCol = gcnew MyGCCollectClass;
   
   // Determine the maximum number of generations the system
   // garbage collector currently supports.
   Console::WriteLine( "The highest generation is {0}", GC::MaxGeneration );
   myGCCol->MakeSomeGarbage();
   
   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine( "Generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( myGCCol ) );
   
   // Determine the best available approximation of the number
   // of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
   Console::WriteLine( "Total Memory: {0}", GC::GetTotalMemory( false ) );
   
   // Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
   GC::Collect( 0 );
   
   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine( "Generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( myGCCol ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Total Memory: {0}", GC::GetTotalMemory( false ) );
   
   // Perform a collection of all generations up to and including 2.
   GC::Collect( 2 );
   
   // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
   Console::WriteLine( "Generation: {0}", GC::GetGeneration( myGCCol ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Total Memory: {0}", GC::GetTotalMemory( false ) );
}

using System;

namespace GCCollectIntExample
{
    class MyGCCollectClass
    {
        private const long maxGarbage = 1000;
      
        static void Main()
        {
            MyGCCollectClass myGCCol = new MyGCCollectClass();

            // Determine the maximum number of generations the system
	    // garbage collector currently supports.
            Console.WriteLine("The highest generation is {0}", GC.MaxGeneration);
            
            myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage();

            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
            
            // Determine the best available approximation of the number 
	    // of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));
            
            // Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
            GC.Collect(0);
            
            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
            
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));
            
            // Perform a collection of all generations up to and including 2.
            GC.Collect(2);
            
            // Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol));
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(false));
            Console.Read();
        }

        void MakeSomeGarbage()
        {
            Version vt;

            for(int i = 0; i < maxGarbage; i++)
            {
                // Create objects and release them to fill up memory
		// with unused objects.
                vt = new Version();
            }
        }
    }
}
Imports System

Namespace GCCollectInt_Example
    Class MyGCCollectClass
        Private maxGarbage As Long = 10000

        Public Shared Sub Main()
            Dim myGCCol As New MyGCCollectClass

            'Determine the maximum number of generations the system
            'garbage collector currently supports.
            Console.WriteLine("The highest generation is {0}", GC.MaxGeneration)

            myGCCol.MakeSomeGarbage()

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))

            'Determine the best available approximation of the number 
            'of bytes currently allocated in managed memory.
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))

            'Perform a collection of generation 0 only.
            GC.Collect(0)

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))

            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))

            'Perform a collection of all generations up to and including 2.
            GC.Collect(2)

            'Determine which generation myGCCol object is stored in.
            Console.WriteLine("Generation: {0}", GC.GetGeneration(myGCCol))
            Console.WriteLine("Total Memory: {0}", GC.GetTotalMemory(False))
            Console.Read()

        End Sub


        Sub MakeSomeGarbage()
            Dim vt As Version

            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To maxGarbage - 1
                'Create objects and release them to fill up memory
                'with unused objects.
                vt = New Version
            Next i
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

Remarks

Use this method to try to reclaim memory that is inaccessible. However, using this method does not guarantee that all inaccessible memory in the specified generation is reclaimed.

If object aging is implemented, the garbage collector does not collect objects with a generation number that is higher than the specified generation. If object aging is not implemented, the garbage collector considers all objects during the garbage collection.

Use the MaxGeneration property to determine the maximum valid value of the generation parameter.

To have the garbage collector consider all objects regardless of their generation, use the version of this method that takes no parameters. To have the garbage collector reclaim objects based on a GCCollectionMode setting, use the GC.Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode) method overload.

See Also

Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode)

Forces a garbage collection from generation 0 through a specified generation, at a time specified by a GCCollectionMode value.

public:
 static void Collect(int generation, GCCollectionMode mode);
public static void Collect (int generation, GCCollectionMode mode);
static member Collect : int * GCCollectionMode -> unit
Public Shared Sub Collect (generation As Integer, mode As GCCollectionMode)
Parameters
generation
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The number of the oldest generation to be garbage collected.

mode
GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode

An enumeration value that specifies whether the garbage collection is forced (Default or Forced) or optimized (Optimized).

Exceptions

Examples

The following example forces a garbage collection for generation 2 objects with the Optimized setting.

using System;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        GC.Collect(2, GCCollectionMode.Optimized);
    }
}
Imports System

Class Program

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        GC.Collect(2, GCCollectionMode.Optimized)
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

Use the mode parameter to specify whether garbage collection should occur immediately or only if the time is optimal to reclaim objects. Using this method does not guarantee that all inaccessible memory in the specified generation is reclaimed.

To adjust the intrusiveness of garbage collection during critical periods in your application, set the LatencyMode property.

The garbage collector does not collect objects with a generation number higher than specified by the generation parameter. Use the MaxGeneration property to determine the maximum valid value of generation.

To have the garbage collector consider all objects regardless of their generation, use the version of this method that takes no parameters.

To have the garbage collector reclaim objects up to a specified generation of objects, use the GC.Collect(Int32) method overload. When you specify the maximum generation, all objects are collected.

See Also

Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean)

Forces a garbage collection from generation 0 through a specified generation, at a time specified by a GCCollectionMode value, with a value specifying whether the collection should be blocking.

public:
 static void Collect(int generation, GCCollectionMode mode, bool blocking);
public static void Collect (int generation, GCCollectionMode mode, bool blocking);
static member Collect : int * GCCollectionMode * bool -> unit
Public Shared Sub Collect (generation As Integer, mode As GCCollectionMode, blocking As Boolean)
Parameters
generation
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The number of the oldest generation to be garbage collected.

mode
GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode

An enumeration value that specifies whether the garbage collection is forced (Default or Forced) or optimized (Optimized).

blocking
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

true to perform a blocking garbage collection; false to perform a background garbage collection where possible.

Exceptions

Remarks

The following table summarizes the interaction of the mode and blocking parameters:

mode blocking is true blocking is false
Forced or Default A blocking collection is performed as soon as possible. If a background collection is in progress and generation is 0 or 1, the Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) method immediately triggers a blocking collection and returns when the collection is finished. If a background collection is in progress and generation is 2, the method waits until the background collection is finished, triggers a blocking generation 2 collection, and then returns. A collection is performed as soon as possible. The Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) method requests a background collection, but this is not guaranteed; depending on the circumstances, a blocking collection may still be performed. If a background collection is already in progress, the method returns immediately.
Optimized A blocking collection may be performed, depending on the state of the garbage collector and the generation parameter. The garbage collector tries to provide optimal performance. A collection may be performed, depending on the state of the garbage collector. The Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) method requests a background collection, but this is not guaranteed; depending on the circumstances, a blocking collection may still be performed. The garbage collector tries to provide optimal performance. If a background collection is already in progress, the method returns immediately.

If a call to the Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean) method performs a full blocking garbage collection, you can also compact the large object heap by setting the GCSettings.LargeObjectHeapCompactionMode property to GCLargeObjectHeapCompactionMode.CompactOnce before calling the Collect method.

Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean) Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean)

Forces a garbage collection from generation 0 through a specified generation, at a time specified by a GCCollectionMode value, with values that specify whether the collection should be blocking and compacting.

public:
 static void Collect(int generation, GCCollectionMode mode, bool blocking, bool compacting);
public static void Collect (int generation, GCCollectionMode mode, bool blocking, bool compacting);
static member Collect : int * GCCollectionMode * bool * bool -> unit
Public Shared Sub Collect (generation As Integer, mode As GCCollectionMode, blocking As Boolean, compacting As Boolean)
Parameters
generation
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

The number of the oldest generation to be garbage collected.

mode
GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode GCCollectionMode

An enumeration value that specifies whether the garbage collection is forced (Default or Forced) or optimized (Optimized).

blocking
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

true to perform a blocking garbage collection; false to perform a background garbage collection where possible.

compacting
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

true to compact the small object heap; false to sweep only.

Remarks

If blocking is false, the GC decides whether to perform a background or a blocking garbage collection. If compacting is true, it performs a blocking garbage collection.

If compacting is true, the runtime compacts the small object heap (SOH). The large object heap (LOH) is not compacted unless the GCSettings.LargeObjectHeapCompactionMode property is set to GCLargeObjectHeapCompactionMode.CompactOnce. Note that this includes all blocking garbage collections, not just full blocking garbage collections.

You can call the Collect(Int32, GCCollectionMode, Boolean, Boolean) method to reduce the managed heap to the smallest size possible, as the following code fragment illustrates.

GCSettings.LargeObjectHeapCompactionMode = GCLargeObjectHeapCompactionMode.CompactOnce;
GC.Collect(2, GCCollectionMode.Forced, true, true);
GCSettings.LargeObjectHeapCompactionMode = GCLargeObjectHeapCompactionMode.CompactOnce
GC.Collect(2, GCCollectionMode.Forced, True, True)

Specifying true for the compacting argument guarantees a compacting, full blocking garbage collection. Setting the GCSettings.LargeObjectHeapCompactionMode property to GCLargeObjectHeapCompactionMode.CompactOnce ensures that both the LOH and SOH are compacted.

Applies to