Binary​Reader Class

Definition

Reads primitive data types as binary values in a specific encoding.

[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class BinaryReader : IDisposable
Inheritance
BinaryReader
Attributes
Implements

Inherited Members

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to store and retrieve application settings in a file.

using System;
using System.IO;

class ConsoleApplication
{
    const string fileName = "AppSettings.dat";

    static void Main()
    {
        WriteDefaultValues();
        DisplayValues();
    }

    public static void WriteDefaultValues()
    {
        using (BinaryWriter writer = new BinaryWriter(File.Open(fileName, FileMode.Create)))
        {
            writer.Write(1.250F);
            writer.Write(@"c:\Temp");
            writer.Write(10);
            writer.Write(true);
        }
    }

    public static void DisplayValues()
    {
        float aspectRatio;
        string tempDirectory;
        int autoSaveTime;
        bool showStatusBar;

        if (File.Exists(fileName))
        {
            using (BinaryReader reader = new BinaryReader(File.Open(fileName, FileMode.Open)))
            {
                aspectRatio = reader.ReadSingle();
                tempDirectory = reader.ReadString();
                autoSaveTime = reader.ReadInt32();
                showStatusBar = reader.ReadBoolean();
            }

            Console.WriteLine("Aspect ratio set to: " + aspectRatio);
            Console.WriteLine("Temp directory is: " + tempDirectory);
            Console.WriteLine("Auto save time set to: " + autoSaveTime);
            Console.WriteLine("Show status bar: " + showStatusBar);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO

Module Module1
    Const fileName As String = "AppSettings.dat"

    Sub Main()
        WriteDefaultValues()
        DisplayValues()
    End Sub

    Sub WriteDefaultValues()
        Using writer As BinaryWriter = New BinaryWriter(File.Open(fileName, FileMode.Create))
            writer.Write(1.25F)
            writer.Write("c:\Temp")
            writer.Write(10)
            writer.Write(True)
        End Using
    End Sub

    Sub DisplayValues()
        Dim aspectRatio As Single
        Dim tempDirectory As String
        Dim autoSaveTime As Integer
        Dim showStatusBar As Boolean

        If (File.Exists(fileName)) Then

            Using reader As BinaryReader = New BinaryReader(File.Open(fileName, FileMode.Open))
                aspectRatio = reader.ReadSingle()
                tempDirectory = reader.ReadString()
                autoSaveTime = reader.ReadInt32()
                showStatusBar = reader.ReadBoolean()
            End Using

            Console.WriteLine("Aspect ratio set to: " & aspectRatio)
            Console.WriteLine("Temp directory is: " & tempDirectory)
            Console.WriteLine("Auto save time set to: " & autoSaveTime)
            Console.WriteLine("Show status bar: " & showStatusBar)
        End If
    End Sub

End Module

Remarks

The BinaryReader class provides methods that simplify reading primitive data types from a stream. For example, you can use the ReadBoolean method to read the next byte as a Boolean value and advance the current position in the stream by one byte. The class includes read methods that support different data types.

When you create a new instance of the BinaryReader class, you provide the stream to read from, and optionally specify the type of encoding and whether to leave the stream open after disposing the BinaryReader object. If you do not specify an encoding type, UTF-8 is used.

Important

This type implements the IDisposable interface. When you have finished using the type, you should dispose of it either directly or indirectly. To dispose of the type directly, call its Dispose method in a try/catch block. To dispose of it indirectly, use a language construct such as using (in C#) or Using (in Visual Basic). For more information, see the “Using an Object that Implements IDisposable” section in the IDisposable interface topic.

Constructors

Binary​Reader(​Stream)

Initializes a new instance of the BinaryReader class based on the specified stream and using UTF-8 encoding.

Binary​Reader(​Stream, ​Encoding)

Initializes a new instance of the BinaryReader class based on the specified stream and character encoding.

Binary​Reader(​Stream, ​Encoding, ​Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the BinaryReader class based on the specified stream and character encoding, and optionally leaves the stream open.

Properties

Base​Stream

Exposes access to the underlying stream of the BinaryReader.

Methods

Close()

Closes the current reader and the underlying stream.

Dispose()

Releases all resources used by the current instance of the BinaryReader class.

Dispose(​Boolean)

Releases the unmanaged resources used by the BinaryReader class and optionally releases the managed resources.

Fill​Buffer(​Int32)

Fills the internal buffer with the specified number of bytes read from the stream.

Peek​Char()

Returns the next available character and does not advance the byte or character position.

Read()

Reads characters from the underlying stream and advances the current position of the stream in accordance with the Encoding used and the specific character being read from the stream.

Read(​Byte[], ​Int32, ​Int32)

Reads the specified number of bytes from the stream, starting from a specified point in the byte array.

Read(​Char[], ​Int32, ​Int32)

Reads the specified number of characters from the stream, starting from a specified point in the character array.

Read7​Bit​Encoded​Int()

Reads in a 32-bit integer in compressed format.

Read​Boolean()

Reads a Boolean value from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream by one byte.

Read​Byte()

Reads the next byte from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream by one byte.

Read​Bytes(​Int32)

Reads the specified number of bytes from the current stream into a byte array and advances the current position by that number of bytes.

Read​Char()

Reads the next character from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream in accordance with the Encoding used and the specific character being read from the stream.

Read​Chars(​Int32)

Reads the specified number of characters from the current stream, returns the data in a character array, and advances the current position in accordance with the Encoding used and the specific character being read from the stream.

Read​Decimal()

Reads a decimal value from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream by sixteen bytes.

Read​Double()

Reads an 8-byte floating point value from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream by eight bytes.

Read​Int16()

Reads a 2-byte signed integer from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream by two bytes.

Read​Int32()

Reads a 4-byte signed integer from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream by four bytes.

Read​Int64()

Reads an 8-byte signed integer from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream by eight bytes.

Read​SByte()

Reads a signed byte from this stream and advances the current position of the stream by one byte.

Read​Single()

Reads a 4-byte floating point value from the current stream and advances the current position of the stream by four bytes.

Read​String()

Reads a string from the current stream. The string is prefixed with the length, encoded as an integer seven bits at a time.

Read​UInt16()

Reads a 2-byte unsigned integer from the current stream using little-endian encoding and advances the position of the stream by two bytes.

Read​UInt32()

Reads a 4-byte unsigned integer from the current stream and advances the position of the stream by four bytes.

Read​UInt64()

Reads an 8-byte unsigned integer from the current stream and advances the position of the stream by eight bytes.