GZipStream.Write Method

Definition

Overloads

Write(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>)

Writes a sequence of bytes to the current GZip stream from a read-only byte span and advances the current position within this GZip stream by the number of bytes written.

Write(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Writes compressed bytes to the underlying GZip stream from the specified byte array.

Write(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>)

Writes a sequence of bytes to the current GZip stream from a read-only byte span and advances the current position within this GZip stream by the number of bytes written.

public:
 override void Write(ReadOnlySpan<System::Byte> buffer);
public override void Write (ReadOnlySpan<byte> buffer);
override this.Write : ReadOnlySpan<byte> -> unit
Public Overrides Sub Write (buffer As ReadOnlySpan(Of Byte))

Parameters

buffer
ReadOnlySpan<Byte>

A region of memory. This method copies the contents of this region to the current GZip stream.

Remarks

Use the CanWrite property to determine whether the current instance supports writing. Use the WriteAsync method to write asynchronously to the current stream.

If the write operation is successful, the position within the GZip stream advances by the number of bytes written. If an exception occurs, the position within the GZip stream remains unchanged.

Applies to

Write(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Writes compressed bytes to the underlying GZip stream from the specified byte array.

public:
 override void Write(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ array, int offset, int count);
public:
 override void Write(cli::array <System::Byte> ^ buffer, int offset, int count);
public override void Write (byte[] array, int offset, int count);
public override void Write (byte[] buffer, int offset, int count);
override this.Write : byte[] * int * int -> unit
override this.Write : byte[] * int * int -> unit
Public Overrides Sub Write (array As Byte(), offset As Integer, count As Integer)
Public Overrides Sub Write (buffer As Byte(), offset As Integer, count As Integer)

Parameters

arraybuffer
Byte[]

The buffer that contains the data to compress.

offset
Int32

The byte offset in array from which the bytes will be read.

count
Int32

The maximum number of bytes to write.

Exceptions

The write operation cannot be performed because the stream is closed.

Examples

The following example shows how to compress and decompress bytes by using the Read and Write methods.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.Compression;
using System.Text;

public static class MemoryWriteReadExample
{
    private const string Message = "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.";
    private static readonly byte[] s_messageBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(Message);

    public static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"The original string length is {s_messageBytes.Length} bytes.");
        using var stream = new MemoryStream();
        CompressBytesToStream(stream);
        Console.WriteLine($"The compressed stream length is {stream.Length} bytes.");
        int decompressedLength = DecompressStreamToBytes(stream);
        Console.WriteLine($"The decompressed string length is {decompressedLength} bytes, same as the original length.");
        /*
         Output:
            The original string length is 445 bytes.
            The compressed stream length is 282 bytes.
            The decompressed string length is 445 bytes, same as the original length.
        */
    }

    private static void CompressBytesToStream(Stream stream)
    {
        using var compressor = new GZipStream(stream, CompressionLevel.SmallestSize, leaveOpen: true);
        compressor.Write(s_messageBytes, 0, s_messageBytes.Length);
    }

    private static int DecompressStreamToBytes(Stream stream)
    {
        stream.Position = 0;
        int bufferSize = 512;
        byte[] decompressedBytes = new byte[bufferSize];
        using var decompressor = new GZipStream(stream, CompressionMode.Decompress);
        int length = decompressor.Read(decompressedBytes, 0, bufferSize);
        return length;
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.IO.Compression
Imports System.Text

Module MemoryWriteReadExample
    Private Const Message As String = "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum."
    Private ReadOnly s_messageBytes As Byte() = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(Message)

    Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine($"The original string length is {s_messageBytes.Length} bytes.")

        Using stream = New MemoryStream()
            CompressBytesToStream(stream)
            Console.WriteLine($"The compressed stream length is {stream.Length} bytes.")
            Dim decompressedLength As Integer = DecompressStreamToBytes(stream)
            Console.WriteLine($"The decompressed string length is {decompressedLength} bytes, same as the original length.")
        End Using
        ' Output:
        '   The original string length is 445 bytes.
        '   The compressed stream length is 282 bytes.
        '   The decompressed string length is 445 bytes, same as the original length.
    End Sub

    Private Sub CompressBytesToStream(ByVal stream As Stream)
        Using compressor = New GZipStream(stream, CompressionLevel.SmallestSize, leaveOpen:=True)
            compressor.Write(s_messageBytes, 0, s_messageBytes.Length)
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function DecompressStreamToBytes(ByVal stream As Stream) As Integer
        stream.Position = 0
        Dim bufferSize As Integer = 512
        Dim decompressedBytes As Byte() = New Byte(bufferSize - 1) {}
        Using decompressor = New GZipStream(stream, CompressionMode.Decompress)
            Dim length As Integer = decompressor.Read(decompressedBytes, 0, bufferSize)
            Return length
        End Using
    End Function
End Module

Remarks

The write operation might not occur immediately but is buffered until the buffer size is reached or until the Flush or Close method is called.

Applies to