FileInfo.Directory Property

Definition

Gets an instance of the parent directory.

public:
 property System::IO::DirectoryInfo ^ Directory { System::IO::DirectoryInfo ^ get(); };
public System.IO.DirectoryInfo Directory { get; }
member this.Directory : System.IO.DirectoryInfo
Public ReadOnly Property Directory As DirectoryInfo

Property Value

A DirectoryInfo object representing the parent directory of this file.

Exceptions

The specified path is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

The caller does not have the required permission.

Examples

The following example opens or creates a file, determines its full path, and determines and displays the full contents of the directory.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
int main()
{
   
   // Open an existing file, or create a new one.
   FileInfo^ fi = gcnew FileInfo( "temp.txt" );
   
   // Determine the full path of the file just created.
   DirectoryInfo^ di = fi->Directory;
   
   // Figure out what other entries are in that directory.
   array<FileSystemInfo^>^fsi = di->GetFileSystemInfos();
   Console::WriteLine( "The directory '{0}' contains the following files and directories:", di->FullName );
   
   // Print the names of all the files and subdirectories of that directory.
   Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = fsi->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      FileSystemInfo^ info = safe_cast<FileSystemInfo^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( info->Name );
   }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//The directory 'C:\Visual Studio 2005\release' contains the following files 
//and directories:
//fileinfodirectory.exe
//fileinfodirectory.pdb
//newTemp.txt
//
using System;
using System.IO;

public class DirectoryTest 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {

        // Open an existing file, or create a new one.
        FileInfo fi = new FileInfo("temp.txt");

        // Determine the full path of the file just created.
        DirectoryInfo di = fi.Directory;

        // Figure out what other entries are in that directory.
        FileSystemInfo[] fsi = di.GetFileSystemInfos();

        Console.WriteLine("The directory '{0}' contains the following files and directories:", di.FullName);

        // Print the names of all the files and subdirectories of that directory.
        foreach (FileSystemInfo info in fsi)
            Console.WriteLine(info.Name);
    }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//The directory 'C:\Visual Studio 2005\release' contains the following files 
//and directories:
//TempPE
//fileinfodirectory.exe
//fileinfodirectory.pdb
//newTemp.txt
//temp.txt

Imports System.IO

Public Class DirectoryTest

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Open an existing file, or create a new one.
        Dim fi As New FileInfo("temp.txt")

        ' Determine the full path of the file just created.
        Dim di As DirectoryInfo = fi.Directory

        ' Figure out what other entries are in that directory.
        Dim fsi As FileSystemInfo() = di.GetFileSystemInfos()

        ' Print the names of all the files and subdirectories of that directory.
        Console.WriteLine("The directory '{0}' contains the following files and directories:", di.FullName)
        Dim info As FileSystemInfo
        For Each info In fsi
            Console.WriteLine(info.Name)
        Next info
    End Sub
End Class

'This code produces output similar to the following; 
'results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
'
'The directory 'C:\Visual Studio 2005\release' contains the following files 
'and directories:
'TempPE
'fileinfodirectory.exe
'fileinfodirectory.pdb
'fileinfodirectory.Resources.resources
'fileinfodirectory.vbproj.GenerateResource.Cache
'fileinfodirectory.xml
'

Remarks

To get the parent directory as a string, use the DirectoryName property.

Security

FileIOPermission
for reading files. Associated enumeration: Read

Applies to

See also