FileInfo.OpenWrite Method

Definition

Creates a write-only FileStream.

public:
 System::IO::FileStream ^ OpenWrite();
public System.IO.FileStream OpenWrite ();
member this.OpenWrite : unit -> System.IO.FileStream
Public Function OpenWrite () As FileStream

Returns

A write-only unshared FileStream object for a new or existing file.

Exceptions

The path specified when creating an instance of the FileInfo object is read-only or is a directory.

The path specified when creating an instance of the FileInfo object is invalid, such as being on an unmapped drive.

Examples

The following example opens a file for writing and then reads from the file.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;

int main()
{
   String^ path = "c:\\Temp\\MyTest.txt";
   FileInfo^ fi = gcnew FileInfo( path );

   // Open the stream for writing.
   {
      FileStream^ fs = fi->OpenWrite();
      try
      {
         array<Byte>^info = (gcnew UTF8Encoding( true ))->GetBytes( "This is to test the OpenWrite method." );
         
         // Add some information to the file.
         fs->Write( info, 0, info->Length );
      }
      finally
      {
         if ( fs )
            delete (IDisposable^)fs;
      }
   }
   
   // Open the stream and read it back.
   {
      FileStream^ fs = fi->OpenRead();
      try
      {
         array<Byte>^b = gcnew array<Byte>(1024);
         UTF8Encoding^ temp = gcnew UTF8Encoding( true );
         while ( fs->Read( b, 0, b->Length ) > 0 )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( temp->GetString( b ) );
         }
      }
      finally
      {
         if ( fs )
            delete (IDisposable^)fs;
      }
   }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//This is to test the OpenWrite method.
//
//
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//
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;

class Test 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\Temp\MyTest.txt";
        FileInfo fi = new FileInfo(path);

        // Open the stream for writing.
        using (FileStream fs = fi.OpenWrite()) 
        {
            Byte[] info = 
                new UTF8Encoding(true).GetBytes("This is to test the OpenWrite method.");

            // Add some information to the file.
            fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length);
        }

        // Open the stream and read it back.
        using (FileStream fs = fi.OpenRead()) 
        {
            byte[] b = new byte[1024];
            UTF8Encoding temp = new UTF8Encoding(true);

            while (fs.Read(b,0,b.Length) > 0) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b));
            }
        }
    }
}
//This code produces output similar to the following; 
//results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
//
//This is to test the OpenWrite method.
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
//
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text

Public Class Test
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim path As String = "c:\Temp\MyTest.txt"
        Dim fi As FileInfo = New FileInfo(path)
        Dim fs As FileStream

        ' Open the stream for writing.
        fs = fi.OpenWrite()
        Dim info As Byte() = _
            New UTF8Encoding(True).GetBytes("This is to test the OpenWrite method.")

        ' Add some information to the file.
        fs.Write(info, 0, info.Length)
        fs.Close()

        'Open the stream and read it back.
        fs = fi.OpenRead()
        Dim b(1023) As Byte
        Dim temp As UTF8Encoding = New UTF8Encoding(True)

        Do While fs.Read(b, 0, b.Length) > 0
            Console.WriteLine(temp.GetString(b))
        Loop
        fs.Close()
    End Sub
End Class
'This code produces output similar to the following; 
'results may vary based on the computer/file structure/etc.:
'
'This is to test the OpenWrite method.
'
'
'
'
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'
'
'
'
'

Remarks

The OpenWrite method opens a file if one already exists for the file path, or creates a new file if one does not exist. For an existing file, it does not append the new text to the existing text. Instead, it overwrites the existing characters with the new characters. If you overwrite a longer string (such as "This is a test of the OpenWrite method") with a shorter string (like "Second run"), the file will contain a mix of the strings ("Second runtest of the OpenWrite method").

Security

FileIOPermission
for reading and writing files. Associated enumerations: Read, Write

Applies to