MemoryMappedFile.CreateNew Method

Definition

Creates a memory-mapped file in system memory.

Overloads

CreateNew(String, Int64)

Creates a memory-mapped file that has the specified capacity in system memory.

CreateNew(String, Int64, MemoryMappedFileAccess)

Creates a memory-mapped file that has the specified capacity and access type in system memory.

CreateNew(String, Int64, MemoryMappedFileAccess, MemoryMappedFileOptions, HandleInheritability)

Creates a memory-mapped file that has the specified name, capacity, access type, memory allocation options and inheritability.

CreateNew(String, Int64, MemoryMappedFileAccess, MemoryMappedFileOptions, MemoryMappedFileSecurity, HandleInheritability)

Creates a memory-mapped file that has the specified capacity, access type, memory allocation, security permissions, and inheritability in system memory.

CreateNew(String, Int64)

Creates a memory-mapped file that has the specified capacity in system memory.

public:
 static System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFile ^ CreateNew(System::String ^ mapName, long capacity);
public static System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile CreateNew (string? mapName, long capacity);
public static System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile CreateNew (string mapName, long capacity);
static member CreateNew : string * int64 -> System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile
Public Shared Function CreateNew (mapName As String, capacity As Long) As MemoryMappedFile

Parameters

mapName
String

A name to assign to the memory-mapped file, or null for a MemoryMappedFile that you do not intend to share across processes.

capacity
Int64

The maximum size, in bytes, to allocate to the memory-mapped file.

Returns

MemoryMappedFile

A memory-mapped file that has the specified name and capacity.

Exceptions

mapName is an empty string.

capacity is less than or equal to zero.

.NET Core only: Calls to the CreateNew method with a named memory mapped file (that is, a non-null mapName) are supported on Windows operating systems only.

Examples

The following example is composed of three separate processes (console applications) that write Boolean values to a memory-mapped file. The following sequence of actions occur:

  1. Process A creates the memory-mapped file and writes a value to it.

  2. Process B opens the memory-mapped file and writes a value to it.

  3. Process C opens the memory-mapped file and writes a value to it.

  4. Process A reads and displays the values from the memory-mapped file.

  5. After Process A is finished with the memory-mapped file, the file is immediately reclaimed by garbage collection.

To run this example, do the following:

  1. Compile the applications and open three Command windows.

  2. In the first Command window, run Process A.

  3. In the second Command window, run Process B.

  4. Return to Process A and press ENTER.

  5. In the third Command window, run Process C.

  6. Return to Process A and press ENTER.

The output of Process A is as follows:

Start Process B and press ENTER to continue.  
Start Process C and press ENTER to continue.  
Process A says: True  
Process B says: False  
Process C says: True  

Process A

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles;
using System.Threading;

class Program
{
    // Process A:
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        using (MemoryMappedFile mmf = MemoryMappedFile.CreateNew("testmap", 10000))
        {
            bool mutexCreated;
            Mutex mutex = new Mutex(true, "testmapmutex", out mutexCreated);
            using (MemoryMappedViewStream stream = mmf.CreateViewStream())
            {
                BinaryWriter writer = new BinaryWriter(stream);
                writer.Write(1);
            }
            mutex.ReleaseMutex();

            Console.WriteLine("Start Process B and press ENTER to continue.");
            Console.ReadLine();

            Console.WriteLine("Start Process C and press ENTER to continue.");
            Console.ReadLine();

            mutex.WaitOne();
            using (MemoryMappedViewStream stream = mmf.CreateViewStream())
            {
                BinaryReader reader = new BinaryReader(stream);
                Console.WriteLine("Process A says: {0}", reader.ReadBoolean());
                Console.WriteLine("Process B says: {0}", reader.ReadBoolean());
                Console.WriteLine("Process C says: {0}", reader.ReadBoolean());
            }
            mutex.ReleaseMutex();
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles
Imports System.Threading

Module Module1

    ' Process A:
    Sub Main()
        Using mmf As MemoryMappedFile = MemoryMappedFile.CreateNew("testmap", 10000)
            Dim mutexCreated As Boolean
            Dim mTex As Mutex = New Mutex(True, "testmapmutex", mutexCreated)
            Using Stream As MemoryMappedViewStream = mmf.CreateViewStream()
                Dim writer As BinaryWriter = New BinaryWriter(Stream)
                writer.Write(1)
            End Using
            mTex.ReleaseMutex()
            Console.WriteLine("Start Process B and press ENTER to continue.")
            Console.ReadLine()

            Console.WriteLine("Start Process C and press ENTER to continue.")
            Console.ReadLine()

            mTex.WaitOne()
            Using Stream As MemoryMappedViewStream = mmf.CreateViewStream()
                Dim reader As BinaryReader = New BinaryReader(Stream)
                Console.WriteLine("Process A says: {0}", reader.ReadBoolean())
                Console.WriteLine("Process B says: {0}", reader.ReadBoolean())
                Console.WriteLine("Process C says: {0}", reader.ReadBoolean())
            End Using
            mTex.ReleaseMutex()

        End Using

    End Sub

End Module

Process B

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles;
using System.Threading;

class Program
{
    // Process B:
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        try
        {
            using (MemoryMappedFile mmf = MemoryMappedFile.OpenExisting("testmap"))
            {

                Mutex mutex = Mutex.OpenExisting("testmapmutex");
                mutex.WaitOne();

                using (MemoryMappedViewStream stream = mmf.CreateViewStream(1, 0))
                {
                    BinaryWriter writer = new BinaryWriter(stream);
                    writer.Write(0);
                }
                mutex.ReleaseMutex();
            }
        }
        catch (FileNotFoundException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Memory-mapped file does not exist. Run Process A first.");
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles
Imports System.Threading

Module Module1
    ' Process B:
    Sub Main()
        Try
            Using mmf As MemoryMappedFile = MemoryMappedFile.OpenExisting("testmap")
                Dim mTex As Mutex = Mutex.OpenExisting("testmapmutex")
                mTex.WaitOne()
                Using Stream As MemoryMappedViewStream = mmf.CreateViewStream(1, 0)
                    Dim writer As BinaryWriter = New BinaryWriter(Stream)
                    writer.Write(0)
                End Using
                mTex.ReleaseMutex()
            End Using
        Catch noFile As FileNotFoundException
            Console.WriteLine("Memory-mapped file does not exist. Run Process A first." & vbCrLf & noFile.Message)
        End Try

    End Sub

End Module

Process C

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles;
using System.Threading;

class Program
{
    // Process C:
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        try
        {
            using (MemoryMappedFile mmf = MemoryMappedFile.OpenExisting("testmap"))
            {

                Mutex mutex = Mutex.OpenExisting("testmapmutex");
                mutex.WaitOne();

                using (MemoryMappedViewStream stream = mmf.CreateViewStream(2, 0))
                {
                    BinaryWriter writer = new BinaryWriter(stream);
                    writer.Write(1);
                }
                mutex.ReleaseMutex();
            }
        }
        catch (FileNotFoundException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Memory-mapped file does not exist. Run Process A first, then B.");
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles
Imports System.Threading

Module Module1
    ' Process C:
    Sub Main()
        Try
            Using mmf As MemoryMappedFile = MemoryMappedFile.OpenExisting("testmap")
                Dim mTex As Mutex = Mutex.OpenExisting("testmapmutex")
                mTex.WaitOne()
                Using Stream As MemoryMappedViewStream = mmf.CreateViewStream(2, 0)
                    Dim writer As BinaryWriter = New BinaryWriter(Stream)
                    writer.Write(1)
                End Using
                mTex.ReleaseMutex()
            End Using
        Catch noFile As FileNotFoundException
            Console.WriteLine("Memory-mapped file does not exist. Run Process A first, then B." & vbCrLf & noFile.Message)
        End Try

    End Sub

End Module

Remarks

Use this method to create a memory-mapped file that is not persisted (that is, not associated with a file on disk), which you can use to share data between processes.

See also

Applies to

CreateNew(String, Int64, MemoryMappedFileAccess)

Creates a memory-mapped file that has the specified capacity and access type in system memory.

public:
 static System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFile ^ CreateNew(System::String ^ mapName, long capacity, System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFileAccess access);
public static System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile CreateNew (string? mapName, long capacity, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess access);
public static System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile CreateNew (string mapName, long capacity, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess access);
static member CreateNew : string * int64 * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess -> System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile
Public Shared Function CreateNew (mapName As String, capacity As Long, access As MemoryMappedFileAccess) As MemoryMappedFile

Parameters

mapName
String

A name to assign to the memory-mapped file, or null for a MemoryMappedFile that you do not intend to share across processes.

capacity
Int64

The maximum size, in bytes, to allocate to the memory-mapped file.

access
MemoryMappedFileAccess

One of the enumeration values that specifies the type of access allowed to the memory-mapped file. The default is ReadWrite.

Returns

MemoryMappedFile

A memory-mapped file that has the specified characteristics.

Exceptions

mapName is an empty string.

-or-

access is set to write-only with the Write enumeration value.

capacity is less than or equal to zero.

-or-

access is not a valid MemoryMappedFileAccess enumeration value.

.NET Core only: Calls to the CreateNew method with a named memory mapped file (that is, a non-null mapName) are supported on Windows operating systems only.

Remarks

Use this method to create a memory-mapped file that is not persisted (that is, not associated with a file on disk), which you can use to share data between processes.

See also

Applies to

CreateNew(String, Int64, MemoryMappedFileAccess, MemoryMappedFileOptions, HandleInheritability)

Creates a memory-mapped file that has the specified name, capacity, access type, memory allocation options and inheritability.

public:
 static System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFile ^ CreateNew(System::String ^ mapName, long capacity, System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFileAccess access, System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFileOptions options, System::IO::HandleInheritability inheritability);
public static System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile CreateNew (string? mapName, long capacity, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess access, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileOptions options, System.IO.HandleInheritability inheritability);
public static System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile CreateNew (string mapName, long capacity, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess access, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileOptions options, System.IO.HandleInheritability inheritability);
static member CreateNew : string * int64 * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileOptions * System.IO.HandleInheritability -> System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile
Public Shared Function CreateNew (mapName As String, capacity As Long, access As MemoryMappedFileAccess, options As MemoryMappedFileOptions, inheritability As HandleInheritability) As MemoryMappedFile

Parameters

mapName
String

A name to assign to the memory-mapped file, or null for a MemoryMappedFile that you do not intend to share across processes.

capacity
Int64

The maximum size, in bytes, to allocate to the memory-mapped file.

access
MemoryMappedFileAccess

One of the enumeration values that specifies the type of access allowed to the memory-mapped file. The default is ReadWrite.

options
MemoryMappedFileOptions

A bitwise combination of enumeration values that specifies memory allocation options for the memory-mapped file.

inheritability
HandleInheritability

A value that specifies whether a handle to the memory-mapped file can be inherited by a child process. The default is None.

Returns

MemoryMappedFile

A memory-mapped file that has the specified characteristics.

Exceptions

mapName is an empty string.

-or-

access is set to write-only with the Write enumeration value.

capacity is less than or equal to zero.

-or-

access is not a valid MemoryMappedFileAccess enumeration value.

-or-

inheritability is not a valid HandleInheritability value.

.NET Core only: Calls to the CreateNew method with a named memory mapped file (that is, a non-null mapName) are supported on Windows operating systems only.

Applies to

CreateNew(String, Int64, MemoryMappedFileAccess, MemoryMappedFileOptions, MemoryMappedFileSecurity, HandleInheritability)

Creates a memory-mapped file that has the specified capacity, access type, memory allocation, security permissions, and inheritability in system memory.

public:
 static System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFile ^ CreateNew(System::String ^ mapName, long capacity, System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFileAccess access, System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFileOptions options, System::IO::MemoryMappedFiles::MemoryMappedFileSecurity ^ memoryMappedFileSecurity, System::IO::HandleInheritability inheritability);
[System.Security.SecurityCritical]
public static System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile CreateNew (string mapName, long capacity, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess access, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileOptions options, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileSecurity memoryMappedFileSecurity, System.IO.HandleInheritability inheritability);
public static System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile CreateNew (string mapName, long capacity, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess access, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileOptions options, System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileSecurity memoryMappedFileSecurity, System.IO.HandleInheritability inheritability);
[<System.Security.SecurityCritical>]
static member CreateNew : string * int64 * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileOptions * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileSecurity * System.IO.HandleInheritability -> System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile
static member CreateNew : string * int64 * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileAccess * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileOptions * System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFileSecurity * System.IO.HandleInheritability -> System.IO.MemoryMappedFiles.MemoryMappedFile
Public Shared Function CreateNew (mapName As String, capacity As Long, access As MemoryMappedFileAccess, options As MemoryMappedFileOptions, memoryMappedFileSecurity As MemoryMappedFileSecurity, inheritability As HandleInheritability) As MemoryMappedFile

Parameters

mapName
String

A name to assign to the memory-mapped file, or null for a MemoryMappedFile that you do not intend to share across processes.

capacity
Int64

The maximum size, in bytes, to allocate to the memory-mapped file.

access
MemoryMappedFileAccess

One of the enumeration values that specifies the type of access allowed to the memory-mapped file. The default is ReadWrite.

options
MemoryMappedFileOptions

A bitwise combination of enumeration values that specifies memory allocation options for the memory-mapped file.

memoryMappedFileSecurity
MemoryMappedFileSecurity

The permissions that can be granted for file access and operations on memory-mapped files.

This parameter can be null.

inheritability
HandleInheritability

One of the enumeration values that specifies whether a handle to the memory-mapped file can be inherited by a child process. The default is None.

Returns

MemoryMappedFile

A memory-mapped file that has the specified characteristics.

Attributes

Exceptions

mapName is an empty string.

-or-

access is set to write-only with the Write enumeration value.

capacity is less than or equal to zero.

-or-

access is not a valid MemoryMappedFileAccess enumeration value.

-or-

inheritability is not a valid HandleInheritability enumeration value.

Remarks

Use this method to create a memory-mapped file that is not persisted (that is, not associated with a file on disk), which you can use to share data between processes.

See also

Applies to