NamedPipeClientStream Class

Definition

Exposes a Stream around a named pipe, which supports both synchronous and asynchronous read and write operations.

public ref class NamedPipeClientStream sealed : System::IO::Pipes::PipeStream
public sealed class NamedPipeClientStream : System.IO.Pipes.PipeStream
type NamedPipeClientStream = class
    inherit PipeStream
Public NotInheritable Class NamedPipeClientStream
Inherits PipeStream
Inheritance
NamedPipeClientStream
Inheritance
NamedPipeClientStream

Examples

The following example demonstrates a way to send a string from a parent process to a child process on the same computer using named pipes. This example creates a NamedPipeServerStream object in a parent process. The NamedPipeServerStream object has a PipeDirection value of Out. The server then waits for a NamedPipeClientStream object in a child process to connect to it. In this example, both processes are on the same computer and the NamedPipeClientStream object has a PipeDirection value of In. The parent process then sends a user-supplied string to the child process. The string is displayed to the console.

This example is for the client process, which connects to the server process. For the entire code sample, including the code for both the pipe client and server, see How to: Use Named Pipes for Network Interprocess Communication.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.Pipes;

class PipeClient
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        using (NamedPipeClientStream pipeClient =
            new NamedPipeClientStream(".", "testpipe", PipeDirection.In))
        {

            // Connect to the pipe or wait until the pipe is available.
            Console.Write("Attempting to connect to pipe...");
            pipeClient.Connect();

            Console.WriteLine("Connected to pipe.");
            Console.WriteLine("There are currently {0} pipe server instances open.",
               pipeClient.NumberOfServerInstances);
            using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(pipeClient))
            {
                // Display the read text to the console
                string temp;
                while ((temp = sr.ReadLine()) != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Received from server: {0}", temp);
                }
            }
        }
        Console.Write("Press Enter to continue...");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.IO.Pipes
Imports System.Security.Principal

Class PipeClient

    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args As String())

        Dim pipeClient As New NamedPipeClientStream("localhost", _
                    "testpipe", PipeDirection.In, PipeOptions.None)

        ' Connect to the pipe or wait until the pipe is available.
        Console.WriteLine("Attempting to connect to the pipe...")
        pipeClient.Connect()

        Console.WriteLine("Connect to the pipe.")
        Console.WriteLine("There are currently {0} pipe server instances open.", _
                          pipeClient.NumberOfServerInstances)

        Dim sr As New StreamReader(pipeClient)
        Dim temp As String

        temp = sr.ReadLine()
        While Not temp Is Nothing
            Console.WriteLine("Received from server: {0}", temp)
            temp = sr.ReadLine()
        End While
        Console.Write("Press Enter to continue...")
        Console.ReadLine()
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

Named pipes provide one-way or duplex pipes for communication between a pipe server and one or more pipe clients. Named pipes can be used for interprocess communication locally or over a network. A single pipe name can be shared by multiple NamedPipeClientStream objects.

Any process can act as either a named pipe server or client, or both.

Constructors

NamedPipeClientStream(PipeDirection, Boolean, Boolean, SafePipeHandle)

Initializes a new instance of the NamedPipeClientStream class for the specified pipe handle with the specified pipe direction.

NamedPipeClientStream(String)

Initializes a new instance of the NamedPipeClientStream class with the specified pipe name.

NamedPipeClientStream(String, String)

Initializes a new instance of the NamedPipeClientStream class with the specified pipe and server names.

NamedPipeClientStream(String, String, PipeAccessRights, PipeOptions, TokenImpersonationLevel, HandleInheritability)

Initializes a new instance of the NamedPipeClientStream class with the specified pipe and server names, and the specified pipe options, security impersonation level, and inheritability mode.

NamedPipeClientStream(String, String, PipeDirection)

Initializes a new instance of the NamedPipeClientStream class with the specified pipe and server names, and the specified pipe direction.

NamedPipeClientStream(String, String, PipeDirection, PipeOptions)

Initializes a new instance of the NamedPipeClientStream class with the specified pipe and server names, and the specified pipe direction and pipe options.

NamedPipeClientStream(String, String, PipeDirection, PipeOptions, TokenImpersonationLevel)

Initializes a new instance of the NamedPipeClientStream class with the specified pipe and server names, and the specified pipe direction, pipe options, and security impersonation level.

NamedPipeClientStream(String, String, PipeDirection, PipeOptions, TokenImpersonationLevel, HandleInheritability)

Initializes a new instance of the NamedPipeClientStream class with the specified pipe and server names, and the specified pipe direction, pipe options, security impersonation level, and inheritability mode.

Properties

CanRead

Gets a value indicating whether the current stream supports read operations.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
CanSeek

Gets a value indicating whether the current stream supports seek operations.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
CanTimeout

Gets a value that determines whether the current stream can time out.

(Inherited from Stream)
CanWrite

Gets a value indicating whether the current stream supports write operations.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
InBufferSize

Gets the size, in bytes, of the inbound buffer for a pipe.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
IsAsync

Gets a value indicating whether a PipeStream object was opened asynchronously or synchronously.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
IsConnected

Gets or sets a value indicating whether a PipeStream object is connected.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
IsHandleExposed

Gets a value indicating whether a handle to a PipeStream object is exposed.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
IsMessageComplete

Gets a value indicating whether there is more data in the message returned from the most recent read operation.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
Length

Gets the length of a stream, in bytes.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
NumberOfServerInstances

Gets the number of server instances that share the same pipe name.

OutBufferSize

Gets the size, in bytes, of the outbound buffer for a pipe.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
Position

Gets or sets the current position of the current stream.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
ReadMode

Gets or sets the reading mode for a PipeStream object.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
ReadTimeout

Gets or sets a value, in milliseconds, that determines how long the stream will attempt to read before timing out.

(Inherited from Stream)
SafePipeHandle

Gets the safe handle for the local end of the pipe that the current PipeStream object encapsulates.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
TransmissionMode

Gets the pipe transmission mode supported by the current pipe.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
WriteTimeout

Gets or sets a value, in milliseconds, that determines how long the stream will attempt to write before timing out.

(Inherited from Stream)

Methods

BeginRead(Byte[], Int32, Int32, AsyncCallback, Object)

Begins an asynchronous read operation.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
BeginWrite(Byte[], Int32, Int32, AsyncCallback, Object)

Begins an asynchronous write operation.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
CheckPipePropertyOperations()

Verifies that the pipe is in a proper state for getting or setting properties.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
CheckReadOperations()

Verifies that the pipe is in a connected state for read operations.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
CheckWriteOperations()

Verifies that the pipe is in a connected state for write operations.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
Close()

Closes the current stream and releases any resources (such as sockets and file handles) associated with the current stream. Instead of calling this method, ensure that the stream is properly disposed.

(Inherited from Stream)
Connect()

Connects to a waiting server with an infinite time-out value.

Connect(Int32)

Connects to a waiting server within the specified time-out period.

ConnectAsync()

Asynchronously connects to a waiting server with an infinite timeout period.

ConnectAsync(CancellationToken)

Asynchronously connects to a waiting server and monitors cancellation requests.

ConnectAsync(Int32)

Asynchronously connects to a waiting server within the specified timeout period.

ConnectAsync(Int32, CancellationToken)

Asynchronously connects to a waiting server within the specified timeout period and monitors cancellation requests.

CopyTo(Stream)

Reads the bytes from the current stream and writes them to another stream.

(Inherited from Stream)
CopyTo(Stream, Int32)

Reads the bytes from the current stream and writes them to another stream, using a specified buffer size.

(Inherited from Stream)
CopyToAsync(Stream)

Asynchronously reads the bytes from the current stream and writes them to another stream.

(Inherited from Stream)
CopyToAsync(Stream, CancellationToken)

Asynchronously reads the bytes from the current stream and writes them to another stream, using a specified cancellation token.

(Inherited from Stream)
CopyToAsync(Stream, Int32)

Asynchronously reads the bytes from the current stream and writes them to another stream, using a specified buffer size.

(Inherited from Stream)
CopyToAsync(Stream, Int32, CancellationToken)

Asynchronously reads the bytes from the current stream and writes them to another stream, using a specified buffer size and cancellation token.

(Inherited from Stream)
CreateObjRef(Type)

Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
CreateWaitHandle()

Allocates a WaitHandle object.

(Inherited from Stream)
Dispose()

Releases all resources used by the Stream.

(Inherited from Stream)
Dispose(Boolean)

Releases the unmanaged resources used by the PipeStream class and optionally releases the managed resources.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
DisposeAsync()

Asynchronously releases the unmanaged resources used by the Stream.

(Inherited from Stream)
EndRead(IAsyncResult)

Ends a pending asynchronous read request.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
EndWrite(IAsyncResult)

Ends a pending asynchronous write request.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
Finalize()

Releases unmanaged resources and performs other cleanup operations before the NamedPipeClientStream instance is reclaimed by garbage collection.

Flush()

Clears the buffer for the current stream and causes any buffered data to be written to the underlying device.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
FlushAsync()

Asynchronously clears all buffers for this stream and causes any buffered data to be written to the underlying device.

(Inherited from Stream)
FlushAsync(CancellationToken)

Asynchronously clears all buffers for this stream, causes any buffered data to be written to the underlying device, and monitors cancellation requests.

(Inherited from Stream)
GetAccessControl()

Gets a PipeSecurity object that encapsulates the access control list (ACL) entries for the pipe described by the current PipeStream object.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetLifetimeService()

Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
InitializeHandle(SafePipeHandle, Boolean, Boolean)

Initializes a PipeStream object from the specified SafePipeHandle object.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
InitializeLifetimeService()

Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(Inherited from MarshalByRefObject)
ObjectInvariant()

Provides support for a Contract.

(Inherited from Stream)
Read(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Reads a block of bytes from a stream and writes the data to a specified buffer starting at a specified position for a specified length.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
Read(Span<Byte>)

Reads a sequence of bytes from the current stream, writes them to a byte array, and advances the position within the stream by the number of bytes read.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
ReadAsync(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Asynchronously reads a sequence of bytes from the current stream and advances the position within the stream by the number of bytes read.

(Inherited from Stream)
ReadAsync(Byte[], Int32, Int32, CancellationToken)

Asynchronously reads a sequence of bytes from the current stream to a byte array starting at a specified position for a specified number of bytes, advances the position within the stream by the number of bytes read, and monitors cancellation requests.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
ReadAsync(Memory<Byte>, CancellationToken)

Asynchronously reads a sequence of bytes from the current stream, writes them to a byte memory range, advances the position within the stream by the number of bytes read, and monitors cancellation requests.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
ReadByte()

Reads a byte from a pipe.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
Seek(Int64, SeekOrigin)

Sets the current position of the current stream to the specified value.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
SetAccessControl(PipeSecurity)

Applies the access control list (ACL) entries specified by a PipeSecurity object to the pipe specified by the current PipeStream object.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
SetLength(Int64)

Sets the length of the current stream to the specified value.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
ToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
WaitForPipeDrain()

Waits for the other end of the pipe to read all sent bytes.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
Write(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Writes a block of bytes to the current stream using data from a buffer.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
Write(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>)

Writes a sequence of bytes to the current stream and advances the current position within this stream by the number of bytes written.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
WriteAsync(Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Asynchronously writes a sequence of bytes to the current stream and advances the current position within this stream by the number of bytes written.

(Inherited from Stream)
WriteAsync(Byte[], Int32, Int32, CancellationToken)

Asynchronously writes a specified number of bytes from a byte array starting at a specified position, advances the current position within this stream by the number of bytes written, and monitors cancellation requests.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
WriteAsync(ReadOnlyMemory<Byte>, CancellationToken)

Asynchronously writes a sequence of bytes to the current stream, advances the current position within this stream by the number of bytes written, and monitors cancellation requests.

(Inherited from PipeStream)
WriteByte(Byte)

Writes a byte to the current stream.

(Inherited from PipeStream)

Explicit Interface Implementations

IDisposable.Dispose()

Releases all resources used by the Stream.

(Inherited from Stream)

Extension Methods

GetAccessControl(PipeStream)
SetAccessControl(PipeStream, PipeSecurity)

Applies to