String​Writer Class

Definition

Implements a TextWriter for writing information to a string. The information is stored in an underlying StringBuilder.

[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class StringWriter : System.IO.TextWriter
Inheritance
StringWriter
Attributes

Inherited Members

Examples

The following code example demonstrates the creation of a continuous paragraph from a group of double-spaced sentences, and then the conversion of the paragraph back to the original text.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
int main()
{
   String^ textReaderText = "TextReader is the abstract base "
   "class of StreamReader and StringReader, which read "
   "characters from streams and strings, respectively.\n\n"
   "Create an instance of TextReader to open a text file "
   "for reading a specified range of characters, or to "
   "create a reader based on an existing stream.\n\n"
   "You can also use an instance of TextReader to read "
   "text from a custom backing store using the same "
   "APIs you would use for a string or a stream.\n\n";
   Console::WriteLine(  "Original text:\n\n{0}", textReaderText );

   // From textReaderText, create a continuous paragraph 
   // with two spaces between each sentence.
      String^ aLine;
   String^ aParagraph;
   StringReader^ strReader = gcnew StringReader( textReaderText );
   while ( true )
   {
      aLine = strReader->ReadLine();
      if ( aLine != nullptr )
      {
         aParagraph = String::Concat( aParagraph, aLine,  " " );
      }
      else
      {
         aParagraph = String::Concat( aParagraph,  "\n" );
         break;
      }
   }

   Console::WriteLine(  "Modified text:\n\n{0}", aParagraph );
   
   // Re-create textReaderText from aParagraph.
   int intCharacter;
   Char convertedCharacter;
   StringWriter^ strWriter = gcnew StringWriter;
   strReader = gcnew StringReader( aParagraph );
   while ( true )
   {
      intCharacter = strReader->Read();
      
      // Check for the end of the string 
      // before converting to a character.
      if ( intCharacter == -1 )
            break;

      
      convertedCharacter = Convert::ToChar( intCharacter );
      if ( convertedCharacter == '.' )
      {
         strWriter->Write(  ".\n\n" );
         
         // Bypass the spaces between sentences.
         strReader->Read();
         strReader->Read();
      }
      else
      {
         strWriter->Write( convertedCharacter );
      }
   }

   Console::WriteLine(  "\nOriginal text:\n\n{0}", strWriter->ToString() );
}

using System;
using System.IO;

class StringRW
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string textReaderText = "TextReader is the abstract base " +
            "class of StreamReader and StringReader, which read " +
            "characters from streams and strings, respectively.\n\n" +

            "Create an instance of TextReader to open a text file " +
            "for reading a specified range of characters, or to " +
            "create a reader based on an existing stream.\n\n" +

            "You can also use an instance of TextReader to read " +
            "text from a custom backing store using the same " +
            "APIs you would use for a string or a stream.\n\n";

        Console.WriteLine("Original text:\n\n{0}", textReaderText);

        // From textReaderText, create a continuous paragraph 
        // with two spaces between each sentence.
        string aLine, aParagraph = null;
        StringReader strReader = new StringReader(textReaderText);
        while(true)
        {
            aLine = strReader.ReadLine();
            if(aLine != null)
            {
                aParagraph = aParagraph + aLine + " ";
            }
            else
            {
                aParagraph = aParagraph + "\n";
                break;
            }
        }
        Console.WriteLine("Modified text:\n\n{0}", aParagraph);

        // Re-create textReaderText from aParagraph.
        int intCharacter;
        char convertedCharacter;
        StringWriter strWriter = new StringWriter();
        strReader = new StringReader(aParagraph);
        while(true)
        {
            intCharacter = strReader.Read();

            // Check for the end of the string 
            // before converting to a character.
            if(intCharacter == -1) break;

            convertedCharacter = Convert.ToChar(intCharacter);
            if(convertedCharacter == '.')
            {
                strWriter.Write(".\n\n");

                // Bypass the spaces between sentences.
                strReader.Read();
                strReader.Read();
            }
            else
            {
                strWriter.Write(convertedCharacter);
            }
        }
        Console.WriteLine("\nOriginal text:\n\n{0}", 
            strWriter.ToString());
    }
}
Option Explicit
Option Strict

Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic
Imports System
Imports System.IO

Public Class StrReader

    Shared Sub Main()
    
        Dim textReaderText As String = "TextReader is the " & _
            "abstract base class of StreamReader and " & _
            "StringReader, which read characters from streams " & _
            "and strings, respectively." & _
            vbCrLf & vbCrLf & _
            "Create an instance of TextReader to open a text " & _
            "file for reading a specified range of characters, " & _
            "or to create a reader based on an existing stream." & _
            vbCrLf & vbCrLf & _
            "You can also use an instance of TextReader to read " & _
            "text from a custom backing store using the same " & _
            "APIs you would use for a string or a stream." & _
            vbCrLf & vbCrLf

        Console.WriteLine("Original text:" & vbCrLf & vbCrLf & _
            textReaderText)

        ' From textReaderText, create a continuous paragraph 
        ' with two spaces between each sentence.
        Dim aLine, aParagraph As String
        Dim strReader As New StringReader(textReaderText)
        While True
            aLine = strReader.ReadLine()
            If aLine Is Nothing Then
                aParagraph = aParagraph & vbCrLf
                Exit While
            Else
                aParagraph = aParagraph & aLine & " "
            End If
        End While
        Console.WriteLine("Modified text:" & vbCrLf & vbCrLf & _ 
            aParagraph)
    
        ' Re-create textReaderText from aParagraph.
        Dim intCharacter As Integer 
        Dim convertedCharacter As Char 
        Dim strWriter As New StringWriter()
        strReader = New StringReader(aParagraph)
        While True
            intCharacter = strReader.Read()

            ' Check for the end of the string 
            ' before converting to a character.
            If intCharacter = -1 Then
                Exit While
            End If

            convertedCharacter = Convert.ToChar(intCharacter)
            If convertedCharacter = "."C Then
                strWriter.Write("." & vbCrLf & vbCrLf)

                ' Bypass the spaces between sentences.
                strReader.Read()
                strReader.Read()
            Else
                strWriter.Write(convertedCharacter)
            End If
        End While
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Original text:" & vbCrLf & _ 
            vbCrLf & strWriter.ToString())

    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

StringWriter enables you to write to a string synchronously or asynchronously. You can write a character at a time with the Write(Char) or the WriteAsync(Char) method, a string at a time using the Write(String) or the WriteAsync(String) method. In addition, you can write a character, an array of characters or a string followed by the line terminator asynchronously with one of the WriteLineAsync methods.

Important

This type implements the IDisposable interface. When you have finished using the type, you should dispose of it either directly or indirectly. To dispose of the type directly, call its Dispose method in a try /catch block. To dispose of it indirectly, use a language construct such as using (in C#) or Using (in Visual Basic). For more information, see the “Using an Object that Implements IDisposable” section in the IDisposable interface topic.

The following table lists examples of other typical or related I/O tasks.

To do this... See the example in this topic...
Create a text file. How to: Write Text to a File
Write to a text file. How to: Write Text to a File
Read from a text file. How to: Read Text from a File
Append text to a file. How to: Open and Append to a Log File

File.AppendText

FileInfo.AppendText
Get the size of a file. FileInfo.Length
Get the attributes of a file. File.GetAttributes
Set the attributes of a file. File.SetAttributes
Determine if a file exists. File.Exists
Read from a binary file. How to: Read and Write to a Newly Created Data File
Write to a binary file. How to: Read and Write to a Newly Created Data File

Constructors

String​Writer()

Initializes a new instance of the StringWriter class.

String​Writer(​IFormat​Provider)

Initializes a new instance of the StringWriter class with the specified format control.

String​Writer(​String​Builder)

Initializes a new instance of the StringWriter class that writes to the specified StringBuilder.

String​Writer(​String​Builder, ​IFormat​Provider)

Initializes a new instance of the StringWriter class that writes to the specified StringBuilder and has the specified format provider.

Properties

Encoding

Gets the Encoding in which the output is written.

Methods

Close()

Closes the current StringWriter and the underlying stream.

Dispose(​Boolean)

Releases the unmanaged resources used by the StringWriter and optionally releases the managed resources.

Flush​Async()

Asynchronously clears all buffers for the current writer and causes any buffered data to be written to the underlying device.

Get​String​Builder()

Returns the underlying StringBuilder.

To​String()

Returns a string containing the characters written to the current StringWriter so far.

Write(​Char)

Writes a character to the string.

Write(​String)

Writes a string to the current string.

Write(​Char[], ​Int32, ​Int32)

Writes a subarray of characters to the string.

Write​Async(​Char)

Writes a character to the string asynchronously.

Write​Async(​String)

Writes a string to the current string asynchronously.

Write​Async(​Char[], ​Int32, ​Int32)

Writes a subarray of characters to the string asynchronously.

Write​Line​Async(​Char)

Writes a character followed by a line terminator asynchronously to the string.

Write​Line​Async(​String)

Writes a string followed by a line terminator asynchronously to the current string.

Write​Line​Async(​Char[], ​Int32, ​Int32)

Writes a subarray of characters followed by a line terminator asynchronously to the string.