Enumerable.Cast(IEnumerable) Method

Definition

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

public static System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TResult> Cast<TResult> (this System.Collections.IEnumerable source);
Type Parameters
TResult

The type to cast the elements of source to.

Parameters
source
IEnumerable

The IEnumerable that contains the elements to be cast to type TResult.

Returns
IEnumerable<TResult>

An IEnumerable<T> that contains each element of the source sequence cast to the specified type.

Exceptions

source is null.

An element in the sequence cannot be cast to type TResult.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) to enable the use of the standard query operators on an ArrayList.

System.Collections.ArrayList fruits = new System.Collections.ArrayList();
fruits.Add("mango");
fruits.Add("apple");
fruits.Add("lemon");

IEnumerable<string> query =
    fruits.Cast<string>().OrderBy(fruit => fruit).Select(fruit => fruit);

// The following code, without the cast, doesn't compile.
//IEnumerable<string> query1 =
//    fruits.OrderBy(fruit => fruit).Select(fruit => fruit);

foreach (string fruit in query)
{
    Console.WriteLine(fruit);
}

// This code produces the following output: 
//
// apple 
// lemon
// mango
' Create an ArrayList and add items to it.
Dim fruits As New System.Collections.ArrayList()
fruits.Add("mango")
fruits.Add("apple")
fruits.Add("lemon")

' Call Cast(Of String) to cast the ArrayList elements to strings.
Dim query As IEnumerable(Of String) =
fruits.Cast(Of String)().OrderBy(Function(fruit) fruit).Select(Function(fruit) fruit)

'' The following code, without the cast, doesn't compile.
'Dim query As IEnumerable(Of String) = _
'    fruits.OrderBy(Function(fruit) fruit).Select(Function(fruit) fruit)

Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
For Each fruit As String In query
    output.AppendLine(fruit)
Next

' Display the output.
MsgBox(output.ToString())

' This code produces the following output:
'
' apple
' lemon
' mango

Remarks

This method is implemented by using deferred execution. The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.

The Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) method enables the standard query operators to be invoked on non-generic collections by supplying the necessary type information. For example, ArrayList does not implement IEnumerable<T>, but by calling Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable) on the ArrayList object, the standard query operators can then be used to query the sequence.

If an element cannot be cast to type TResult, this method will throw an exception. To obtain only those elements that can be cast to type TResult, use the OfType method instead of Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable).

In a query expression, an explicitly typed iteration variable translates to an invocation of Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable). This example shows the syntax for an explicitly typed range variable.

from int i in objects  
From i As Integer In objects  

Applies to