Expression.IfThenElse(Expression, Expression, Expression) Method

Definition

Creates a ConditionalExpression that represents a conditional block with if and else statements.

public:
 static System::Linq::Expressions::ConditionalExpression ^ IfThenElse(System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ test, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ ifTrue, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ ifFalse);
public static System.Linq.Expressions.ConditionalExpression IfThenElse (System.Linq.Expressions.Expression test, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression ifTrue, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression ifFalse);
static member IfThenElse : System.Linq.Expressions.Expression * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression -> System.Linq.Expressions.ConditionalExpression
Public Shared Function IfThenElse (test As Expression, ifTrue As Expression, ifFalse As Expression) As ConditionalExpression

Parameters

test
Expression

An Expression to set the Test property equal to.

ifTrue
Expression

An Expression to set the IfTrue property equal to.

ifFalse
Expression

An Expression to set the IfFalse property equal to.

Returns

A ConditionalExpression that has the NodeType property equal to Conditional and the Test, IfTrue, and IfFalse properties set to the specified values. The type of the resulting ConditionalExpression returned by this method is Void.

Examples

The following code example shows how to create an expression that represents a conditional block.

// Add the following directive to the file:
// using System.Linq.Expressions;  
bool test = true;

// This expression represents the conditional block.
Expression ifThenElseExpr = Expression.IfThenElse(
    Expression.Constant(test),
    Expression.Call(
        null,
        typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", new Type[] { typeof(String) }),
        Expression.Constant("The condition is true.")
    ),
    Expression.Call(
        null,
        typeof(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", new Type[] { typeof(String) }),
        Expression.Constant("The condition is false.")
    )
);

// The following statement first creates an expression tree,
// then compiles it, and then runs it.
Expression.Lambda<Action>(ifThenElseExpr).Compile()();

// This code example produces the following output:
//
// The condition is true.
' Add the following directive to the file:
' Imports System.Linq.Expressions

Dim test As Boolean = True

' This expression represents the conditional block.
Dim ifThenElseExpr As Expression = Expression.IfThenElse(
     Expression.Constant(test),
     Expression.Call(
         Nothing,
         GetType(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", New Type() {GetType(String)}),
         Expression.Constant("The condition is true.")
     ),
     Expression.Call(
         Nothing,
         GetType(Console).GetMethod("WriteLine", New Type() {GetType(String)}),
         Expression.Constant("The condition is false.")
     )
)

' The following statement first creates an expression tree,
' then compiles it, and then runs it.
Expression.Lambda(Of Action)(ifThenElseExpr).Compile()()

' This code example produces the following output:
'
' The condition is true.

Applies to