Expression.LessThan Expression.LessThan Expression.LessThan Expression.LessThan Method

Definition

Creates a BinaryExpression that represents a "less than" numeric comparison.

Overloads

LessThan(Expression, Expression) LessThan(Expression, Expression) LessThan(Expression, Expression) LessThan(Expression, Expression)

Creates a BinaryExpression that represents a "less than" numeric comparison.

LessThan(Expression, Expression, Boolean, MethodInfo) LessThan(Expression, Expression, Boolean, MethodInfo) LessThan(Expression, Expression, Boolean, MethodInfo) LessThan(Expression, Expression, Boolean, MethodInfo)

Creates a BinaryExpression that represents a "less than" numeric comparison.

LessThan(Expression, Expression) LessThan(Expression, Expression) LessThan(Expression, Expression) LessThan(Expression, Expression)

Creates a BinaryExpression that represents a "less than" numeric comparison.

public:
 static System::Linq::Expressions::BinaryExpression ^ LessThan(System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ left, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ right);
[System.Runtime.TargetedPatchingOptOut("Performance critical to inline this type of method across NGen image boundaries")]
public static System.Linq.Expressions.BinaryExpression LessThan (System.Linq.Expressions.Expression left, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression right);
static member LessThan : System.Linq.Expressions.Expression * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression -> System.Linq.Expressions.BinaryExpression
Public Shared Function LessThan (left As Expression, right As Expression) As BinaryExpression
Parameters
left
Expression Expression Expression Expression

An Expression to set the Left property equal to.

right
Expression Expression Expression Expression

An Expression to set the Right property equal to.

Returns

A BinaryExpression that has the NodeType property equal to LessThan and the Left and Right properties set to the specified values.

Exceptions

The "less than" operator is not defined for left.Type and right.Type.

Examples

The following code example shows how to create an expression that compares two integers.

// Add the following directive to your file:
// using System.Linq.Expressions;  

// This expression compares the values of its two arguments.
// Both arguments must be of the same type.
Expression lessThanExpr = Expression.LessThan(
    Expression.Constant(42),
    Expression.Constant(45)
);

// Print out the expression.
Console.WriteLine(lessThanExpr.ToString());

// The following statement first creates an expression tree,
// then compiles it, and then executes it.    
Console.WriteLine(
    Expression.Lambda<Func<bool>>(lessThanExpr).Compile()());

// This code example produces the following output:
//
// (42 < 45)
// True
' Add the following directive to your file:
' Imports System.Linq.Expressions 

' This expression compares the values of its two arguments.
' Both arguments must be of the same type.
Dim lessThanExpr As Expression = Expression.LessThan(
    Expression.Constant(42),
    Expression.Constant(45)
)

' Print the expression.
Console.WriteLine(lessThanExpr.ToString())

' The following statement first creates an expression tree,
' then compiles it, and then executes it.    
Console.WriteLine(
    Expression.Lambda(Of Func(Of Boolean))(lessThanExpr).Compile()())

' This code example produces the following output:
'
' (42 < 45)
' True

Remarks

The resulting BinaryExpression has the Method property set to the implementing method. The Type property is set to the type of the node. If the node is lifted, the IsLifted property is true. Otherwise, it is false. The IsLiftedToNull property is always false. The Conversion property is null.

The following information describes the implementing method, the node type, and whether a node is lifted.

Implementing Method

The implementing method for the operation is chosen based on the following rules:

  • If the Type property of either left or right represents a user-defined type that overloads the "less than" operator, the MethodInfo that represents that method is the implementing method.

  • Otherwise, if left.Type and right.Type are numeric types, the implementing method is null.

Node Type and Lifted versus Non-Lifted

If the implementing method is not null:

  • If left.Type and right.Type are assignable to the corresponding argument types of the implementing method, the node is not lifted. The type of the node is the return type of the implementing method.

  • If the following two conditions are satisfied, the node is lifted and the type of the node is Boolean:

    • left.Type and right.Type are both value types of which at least one is nullable and the corresponding non-nullable types are equal to the corresponding argument types of the implementing method.

    • The return type of the implementing method is Boolean.

If the implementing method is null:

  • If left.Type and right.Type are both non-nullable, the node is not lifted. The type of the node is Boolean.

  • If left.Type and right.Type are both nullable, the node is lifted. The type of the node is Boolean.

LessThan(Expression, Expression, Boolean, MethodInfo) LessThan(Expression, Expression, Boolean, MethodInfo) LessThan(Expression, Expression, Boolean, MethodInfo) LessThan(Expression, Expression, Boolean, MethodInfo)

Creates a BinaryExpression that represents a "less than" numeric comparison.

public:
 static System::Linq::Expressions::BinaryExpression ^ LessThan(System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ left, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ right, bool liftToNull, System::Reflection::MethodInfo ^ method);
public static System.Linq.Expressions.BinaryExpression LessThan (System.Linq.Expressions.Expression left, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression right, bool liftToNull, System.Reflection.MethodInfo method);
static member LessThan : System.Linq.Expressions.Expression * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression * bool * System.Reflection.MethodInfo -> System.Linq.Expressions.BinaryExpression
Public Shared Function LessThan (left As Expression, right As Expression, liftToNull As Boolean, method As MethodInfo) As BinaryExpression
Parameters
left
Expression Expression Expression Expression

An Expression to set the Left property equal to.

right
Expression Expression Expression Expression

An Expression to set the Right property equal to.

liftToNull
Boolean Boolean Boolean Boolean

true to set IsLiftedToNull to true; false to set IsLiftedToNull to false.

method
MethodInfo MethodInfo MethodInfo MethodInfo

A MethodInfo to set the Method property equal to.

Returns

A BinaryExpression that has the NodeType property equal to LessThan and the Left, Right, IsLiftedToNull, and Method properties set to the specified values.

Exceptions

method is not null and the method it represents returns void, is not static (Shared in Visual Basic), or does not take exactly two arguments.

method is null and the "less than" operator is not defined for left.Type and right.Type.

Remarks

The resulting BinaryExpression has the Method property set to the implementing method. The Type property is set to the type of the node. If the node is lifted, the IsLifted property is true and the IsLiftedToNull property is equal to liftToNull. Otherwise, they are both false. The Conversion property is null.

The following information describes the implementing method, the node type, and whether a node is lifted.

Implementing Method

The following rules determine the implementing method for the operation:

  • If method is not null and it represents a non-void, static (Shared in Visual Basic) method that takes two arguments, it is the implementing method.

  • Otherwise, if the Type property of either left or right represents a user-defined type that overloads the "less than" operator, the MethodInfo that represents that method is the implementing method.

  • Otherwise, if left.Type and right.Type are numeric types, the implementing method is null.

Node Type and Lifted versus Non-Lifted

If the implementing method is not null:

  • If left.Type and right.Type are assignable to the corresponding argument types of the implementing method, the node is not lifted. The type of the node is the return type of the implementing method.

  • If the following two conditions are satisfied, the node is lifted; also, the type of the node is nullable Boolean if liftToNull is true or Boolean if liftToNull is false:

    • left.Type and right.Type are both value types of which at least one is nullable and the corresponding non-nullable types are equal to the corresponding argument types of the implementing method.

    • The return type of the implementing method is Boolean.

If the implementing method is null:

  • If left.Type and right.Type are both non-nullable, the node is not lifted. The type of the node is Boolean.

  • If left.Type and right.Type are both nullable, the node is lifted. The type of the node is nullable Boolean if liftToNull is true or Boolean if liftToNull is false.

Applies to