# Expression.Negate Method

## Definition

Creates a UnaryExpression that represents an arithmetic negation operation.

## Overloads

Negate(Expression, MethodInfo) |
Creates a UnaryExpression that represents an arithmetic negation operation. |

Negate(Expression) |
Creates a UnaryExpression that represents an arithmetic negation operation. |

## Negate(Expression, MethodInfo)

Creates a UnaryExpression that represents an arithmetic negation operation.

```
public:
static System::Linq::Expressions::UnaryExpression ^ Negate(System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ expression, System::Reflection::MethodInfo ^ method);
```

`public static System.Linq.Expressions.UnaryExpression Negate (System.Linq.Expressions.Expression expression, System.Reflection.MethodInfo method);`

`static member Negate : System.Linq.Expressions.Expression * System.Reflection.MethodInfo -> System.Linq.Expressions.UnaryExpression`

#### Parameters

- expression
- Expression

An Expression to set the Operand property equal to.

- method
- MethodInfo

A MethodInfo to set the Method property equal to.

#### Returns

A UnaryExpression that has the NodeType property equal to Negate and the Operand and Method properties set to the specified values.

#### Exceptions

`expression`

is `null`

.

`method`

is not `null`

and the method it represents returns `void`

, is not `static`

(`Shared`

in Visual Basic), or does not take exactly one argument.

`method`

is `null`

and the unary minus operator is not defined for `expression`

.Type.

-or-

`expression`

.Type (or its corresponding non-nullable type if it is a nullable value type) is not assignable to the argument type of the method represented by `method`

.

### Remarks

The Method property of the resulting UnaryExpression is set to the implementing method. The Type property is set to the type of the node. If the node is lifted, the IsLifted and IsLiftedToNull properties are both `true`

. Otherwise, they are false.

#### Implementing Method

The following rules determine the implementing method for the operation:

If

`method`

is not`null`

and it represents a non-void,`static`

(`Shared`

in Visual Basic) method that takes one argument, it is the implementing method for the node.If

`expression`

.Type is a user-defined type that defines the unary minus operator, the MethodInfo that represents that operator is the implementing method.Otherwise, if

`expression`

.Type is a numeric type, the implementing method is`null`

.

#### Node Type and Lifted versus Non-Lifted

If the implementing method is not `null`

:

If

`expression`

.Type is assignable to the argument type of the implementing method, the node is not lifted. The type of the node is the return type of the implementing method.If the following two conditions are satisfied, the node is lifted and the type of the node is the nullable type that corresponds to the return type of the implementing method:

`expression`

.Type is a nullable value type and the corresponding non-nullable value type is equal to the argument type of the implementing method.The return type of the implementing method is a non-nullable value type.

If the implementing method is `null`

, the type of the node is `expression`

.Type. If `expression`

.Type is non-nullable, the node is not lifted. Otherwise, the node is lifted.

## Negate(Expression)

Creates a UnaryExpression that represents an arithmetic negation operation.

```
public:
static System::Linq::Expressions::UnaryExpression ^ Negate(System::Linq::Expressions::Expression ^ expression);
```

`public static System.Linq.Expressions.UnaryExpression Negate (System.Linq.Expressions.Expression expression);`

`static member Negate : System.Linq.Expressions.Expression -> System.Linq.Expressions.UnaryExpression`

#### Parameters

- expression
- Expression

An Expression to set the Operand property equal to.

#### Returns

A UnaryExpression that has the NodeType property equal to Negate and the Operand property set to the specified value.

#### Exceptions

`expression`

is `null`

.

The unary minus operator is not defined for `expression`

.Type.

### Examples

The following example demonstrates how to create an expression that represents an arithmetic negation operation.

```
// Add the following directive to your file:
// using System.Linq.Expressions;
// This expression represents a negation operation.
Expression negateExpr = Expression.Negate(Expression.Constant(5));
// The following statement first creates an expression tree,
// then compiles it, and then runs it.
Console.WriteLine(Expression.Lambda<Func<int>>(negateExpr).Compile()());
// This code example produces the following output:
//
// -5
```

```
' Add the following directive to your file:
' Imports System.Linq.Expressions
' This expression represents a negation operation.
Dim negateExpr As Expression = Expression.Negate(Expression.Constant(5))
' The following statement first creates an expression tree,
' then compiles it, and then runs it.
Console.WriteLine(Expression.Lambda(Of Func(Of Integer))(negateExpr).Compile()())
' This code example produces the following output:
'
' -5
```

### Remarks

The Method property of the resulting UnaryExpression is set to the implementing method. The Type property is set to the type of the node. If the node is lifted, the IsLifted and IsLiftedToNull properties are both `true`

. Otherwise, they are false.

#### Implementing Method

The following rules determine the implementing method for the operation:

If

`expression`

.Type is a user-defined type that defines the unary minus operator, the MethodInfo that represents that operator is the implementing method.Otherwise, if

`expression`

.Type is a numeric type, the implementing method is`null`

.

#### Node Type and Lifted versus Non-Lifted

If the implementing method is not `null`

:

If

`expression`

.Type is assignable to the argument type of the implementing method, the node is not lifted. The type of the node is the return type of the implementing method.If the following two conditions are satisfied, the node is lifted and the type of the node is the nullable type that corresponds to the return type of the implementing method:

`expression`

.Type is a nullable value type and the corresponding non-nullable value type is equal to the argument type of the implementing method.The return type of the implementing method is a non-nullable value type.

If the implementing method is `null`

, the type of the node is `expression`

.Type. If `expression`

.Type is non-nullable, the node is not lifted. Otherwise, the node is lifted.