MemberInitExpression Class

Definition

Represents calling a constructor and initializing one or more members of the new object.

public ref class MemberInitExpression sealed : System::Linq::Expressions::Expression
public sealed class MemberInitExpression : System.Linq.Expressions.Expression
type MemberInitExpression = class
    inherit Expression
Public NotInheritable Class MemberInitExpression
Inherits Expression
Inheritance
MemberInitExpression

Examples

The following example creates a MemberInitExpression that represents the initialization of two members of a new object.

class Animal
{
    public string Species {get; set;}
    public int Age {get; set;}
}

public static void CreateMemberInitExpression()
{
    System.Linq.Expressions.NewExpression newAnimal =
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.New(typeof(Animal));

    System.Reflection.MemberInfo speciesMember =
        typeof(Animal).GetMember("Species")[0];
    System.Reflection.MemberInfo ageMember =
        typeof(Animal).GetMember("Age")[0];

    // Create a MemberBinding object for each member
    // that you want to initialize.
    System.Linq.Expressions.MemberBinding speciesMemberBinding =
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Bind(
            speciesMember,
            System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Constant("horse"));
    System.Linq.Expressions.MemberBinding ageMemberBinding =
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Bind(
            ageMember,
            System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Constant(12));

    // Create a MemberInitExpression that represents initializing
    // two members of the 'Animal' class.
    System.Linq.Expressions.MemberInitExpression memberInitExpression =
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.MemberInit(
            newAnimal,
            speciesMemberBinding,
            ageMemberBinding);

    Console.WriteLine(memberInitExpression.ToString());

    // This code produces the following output:
    //
    // new Animal() {Species = "horse", Age = 12}
}
Class Animal
    Public Species As String
    Public Age As Integer
End Class

Shared Sub CreateMemberInitExpression()
    Dim newAnimal As System.Linq.Expressions.NewExpression = _
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.[New](Type.GetType("ExpressionVB.MemberInitExample+Animal"))

    Dim speciesMember As System.Reflection.MemberInfo = _
        Type.GetType("ExpressionVB.MemberInitExample+Animal").GetMember("Species")(0)
    Dim ageMember As System.Reflection.MemberInfo = _
        Type.GetType("ExpressionVB.MemberInitExample+Animal").GetMember("Age")(0)

    ' Create a MemberBinding object for each member
    ' that you want to initialize.
    Dim speciesMemberBinding As System.Linq.Expressions.MemberBinding = _
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Bind( _
            speciesMember, _
            System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Constant("horse"))
    Dim ageMemberBinding As System.Linq.Expressions.MemberBinding = _
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Bind( _
            ageMember, _
            System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Constant(12))

    ' Create a MemberInitExpression that represents initializing
    ' two members of the 'Animal' class.
    Dim memberInitExpression As System.Linq.Expressions.MemberInitExpression = _
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.MemberInit( _
            newAnimal, _
            speciesMemberBinding, _
            ageMemberBinding)

    Console.WriteLine(memberInitExpression.ToString())

    ' This code produces the following output:
    '
    ' new Animal() {Species = "horse", Age = 12}
End Sub

Remarks

Use the MemberInit factory methods to create a MemberInitExpression.

The value of the NodeType property of a MemberInitExpression is MemberInit.

Properties

Bindings

Gets the bindings that describe how to initialize the members of the newly created object.

CanReduce

Gets a value that indicates whether the expression tree node can be reduced.

NewExpression

Gets the expression that represents the constructor call.

NodeType

Returns the node type of this Expression. Extension nodes should return Extension when overriding this method.

Type

Gets the static type of the expression that this Expression represents.

Methods

Accept(ExpressionVisitor)

Dispatches to the specific visit method for this node type. For example, MethodCallExpression calls the VisitMethodCall(MethodCallExpression).

(Inherited from Expression)
Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Reduce()

Reduces the MemberInitExpression to a simpler expression.

ReduceAndCheck()

Reduces this node to a simpler expression. If CanReduce returns true, this should return a valid expression. This method can return another node which itself must be reduced.

(Inherited from Expression)
ReduceExtensions()

Reduces the expression to a known node type (that is not an Extension node) or just returns the expression if it is already a known type.

(Inherited from Expression)
ToString()

Returns a textual representation of the Expression.

(Inherited from Expression)
Update(NewExpression, IEnumerable<MemberBinding>)

Creates a new expression that is like this one, but using the supplied children. If all of the children are the same, it will return this expression.

VisitChildren(ExpressionVisitor)

Reduces the node and then calls the visitor delegate on the reduced expression. The method throws an exception if the node is not reducible.

(Inherited from Expression)

Applies to