Queryable.Join Queryable.Join Queryable.Join Queryable.Join Method

Definition

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys.

Overloads

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>)

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>)

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

public:
generic <typename TOuter, typename TInner, typename TKey, typename TResult>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::IQueryable<TResult> ^ Join(System::Linq::IQueryable<TOuter> ^ outer, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TInner> ^ inner, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TOuter, TKey> ^> ^ outerKeySelector, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TInner, TKey> ^> ^ innerKeySelector, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TOuter, TInner, TResult> ^> ^ resultSelector);
public static System.Linq.IQueryable<TResult> Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult> (this System.Linq.IQueryable<TOuter> outer, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TInner> inner, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>> outerKeySelector, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>> innerKeySelector, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>> resultSelector);
static member Join : System.Linq.IQueryable<'Outer> * seq<'Inner> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Outer, 'Key>> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Inner, 'Key>> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Outer, 'Inner, 'Result>> -> System.Linq.IQueryable<'Result>
<Extension()>
Public Function Join(Of TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult) (outer As IQueryable(Of TOuter), inner As IEnumerable(Of TInner), outerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TKey)), innerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TInner, TKey)), resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TInner, TResult))) As IQueryable(Of TResult)

Type Parameters

TOuter

The type of the elements of the first sequence.

TInner

The type of the elements of the second sequence.

TKey

The type of the keys returned by the key selector functions.

TResult

The type of the result elements.

Parameters

outer
IQueryable<TOuter>

The first sequence to join.

inner
IEnumerable<TInner>

The sequence to join to the first sequence.

outerKeySelector
Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>

A function to extract the join key from each element of the first sequence.

innerKeySelector
Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>

A function to extract the join key from each element of the second sequence.

resultSelector
Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>

A function to create a result element from two matching elements.

Returns

IQueryable<TResult>

An IQueryable<T> that has elements of type TResult obtained by performing an inner join on two sequences.

Exceptions

outer or inner or outerKeySelector or innerKeySelector or resultSelector is null.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) to perform an inner join of two sequences based on a common key.

class Person
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
}

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public Person Owner { get; set; }
}

public static void JoinEx1()
{
    Person magnus = new Person { Name = "Hedlund, Magnus" };
    Person terry = new Person { Name = "Adams, Terry" };
    Person charlotte = new Person { Name = "Weiss, Charlotte" };

    Pet barley = new Pet { Name = "Barley", Owner = terry };
    Pet boots = new Pet { Name = "Boots", Owner = terry };
    Pet whiskers = new Pet { Name = "Whiskers", Owner = charlotte };
    Pet daisy = new Pet { Name = "Daisy", Owner = magnus };

    List<Person> people = new List<Person> { magnus, terry, charlotte };
    List<Pet> pets = new List<Pet> { barley, boots, whiskers, daisy };

    // Join the list of Person objects and the list of Pet objects 
    // to create a list of person-pet pairs where each element is 
    // an anonymous type that contains the name of pet and the name
    // of the person that owns the pet.
    var query = people.AsQueryable().Join(pets,
                    person => person,
                    pet => pet.Owner,
                    (person, pet) =>
                        new { OwnerName = person.Name, Pet = pet.Name });

    foreach (var obj in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(
            "{0} - {1}",
            obj.OwnerName,
            obj.Pet);
    }
}

/*
    This code produces the following output:

    Hedlund, Magnus - Daisy
    Adams, Terry - Barley
    Adams, Terry - Boots
    Weiss, Charlotte - Whiskers
*/

Structure Person
    Public Name As String
End Structure

Structure Pet
    Public Name As String
    Public Owner As Person
End Structure

Shared Sub JoinEx1()
    Dim magnus As New Person With {.Name = "Hedlund, Magnus"}
    Dim terry As New Person With {.Name = "Adams, Terry"}
    Dim charlotte As New Person With {.Name = "Weiss, Charlotte"}

    Dim barley As New Pet With {.Name = "Barley", .Owner = terry}
    Dim boots As New Pet With {.Name = "Boots", .Owner = terry}
    Dim whiskers As New Pet With {.Name = "Whiskers", .Owner = charlotte}
    Dim daisy As New Pet With {.Name = "Daisy", .Owner = magnus}

    Dim people As New List(Of Person)(New Person() {magnus, terry, charlotte})
    Dim pets As New List(Of Pet)(New Pet() {barley, boots, whiskers, daisy})

    ' Join the list of Person objects and the list of Pet objects 
    ' to create a list of person-pet pairs where each element is 
    ' an anonymous type that contains pet's name and the name of the
    ' Person object that owns the pet.
    Dim query = people.AsQueryable().Join(pets, _
                    Function(person) person, _
                    Function(pet) pet.Owner, _
                    Function(person, pet) _
                        New With {.OwnerName = person.Name, .Pet = pet.Name})

    Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
    For Each obj In query
        output.AppendLine(String.Format( _
            "{0} - {1}", obj.OwnerName, obj.Pet))
    Next

    ' Display the output.
    MsgBox(output.ToString())
End Sub

' This code produces the following output:

' Hedlund, Magnus - Daisy
' Adams, Terry - Barley
' Adams, Terry - Boots
' Weiss, Charlotte - Whiskers

Remarks

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the outer parameter.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>) depends on the implementation of the type of the outer parameter. The expected behavior is that of an inner join. The outerKeySelector and innerKeySelector functions are used to extract keys from outer and inner, respectively. These keys are compared for equality to match elements from each sequence. A pair of elements is stored for each element in inner that matches an element in outer. Then the resultSelector function is invoked to project a result object from each pair of matching elements.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

public:
generic <typename TOuter, typename TInner, typename TKey, typename TResult>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::IQueryable<TResult> ^ Join(System::Linq::IQueryable<TOuter> ^ outer, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TInner> ^ inner, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TOuter, TKey> ^> ^ outerKeySelector, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TInner, TKey> ^> ^ innerKeySelector, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TOuter, TInner, TResult> ^> ^ resultSelector, System::Collections::Generic::IEqualityComparer<TKey> ^ comparer);
public static System.Linq.IQueryable<TResult> Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult> (this System.Linq.IQueryable<TOuter> outer, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TInner> inner, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>> outerKeySelector, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>> innerKeySelector, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>> resultSelector, System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer);
static member Join : System.Linq.IQueryable<'Outer> * seq<'Inner> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Outer, 'Key>> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Inner, 'Key>> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Outer, 'Inner, 'Result>> * System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<'Key> -> System.Linq.IQueryable<'Result>
<Extension()>
Public Function Join(Of TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult) (outer As IQueryable(Of TOuter), inner As IEnumerable(Of TInner), outerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TKey)), innerKeySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TInner, TKey)), resultSelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TOuter, TInner, TResult)), comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) As IQueryable(Of TResult)

Type Parameters

TOuter

The type of the elements of the first sequence.

TInner

The type of the elements of the second sequence.

TKey

The type of the keys returned by the key selector functions.

TResult

The type of the result elements.

Parameters

outer
IQueryable<TOuter>

The first sequence to join.

inner
IEnumerable<TInner>

The sequence to join to the first sequence.

outerKeySelector
Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>

A function to extract the join key from each element of the first sequence.

innerKeySelector
Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>

A function to extract the join key from each element of the second sequence.

resultSelector
Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>

A function to create a result element from two matching elements.

comparer
IEqualityComparer<TKey>

An IEqualityComparer<T> to hash and compare keys.

Returns

IQueryable<TResult>

An IQueryable<T> that has elements of type TResult obtained by performing an inner join on two sequences.

Exceptions

outer or inner or outerKeySelector or innerKeySelector or resultSelector is null.

Remarks

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the outer parameter.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IQueryable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TInner,TKey>>, Expression<Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) depends on the implementation of the type of the outer parameter. The expected behavior is that of an inner join. The outerKeySelector and innerKeySelector functions are used to extract keys from outer and inner, respectively. These keys are compared for equality by using comparer. The outcome of the comparisons is used to create a matching pair for each element in inner that matches an element in outer. Then the resultSelector function is invoked to project a result object from each pair of matching elements.

Applies to