Queryable.Select Queryable.Select Queryable.Select Queryable.Select Method

Definition

Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Overloads

Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>)

Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>)

Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>)

Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TResult>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::IQueryable<TResult> ^ Select(System::Linq::IQueryable<TSource> ^ source, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TSource, int, TResult> ^> ^ selector);
public static System.Linq.IQueryable<TResult> Select<TSource,TResult> (this System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource> source, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource,int,TResult>> selector);
static member Select : System.Linq.IQueryable<'Source> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Source, int, 'Result>> -> System.Linq.IQueryable<'Result>
<Extension()>
Public Function Select(Of TSource, TResult) (source As IQueryable(Of TSource), selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Integer, TResult))) As IQueryable(Of TResult)
Type Parameters
TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TResult

The type of the value returned by the function represented by selector.

Parameters
source
IQueryable<TSource>

A sequence of values to project.

selector
Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>

A projection function to apply to each element.

Returns
IQueryable<TResult>

An IQueryable<T> whose elements are the result of invoking a projection function on each element of source.

Exceptions

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) to project over a sequence of values and use the index of each element in the projected form.

string[] fruits = { "apple", "banana", "mango", "orange", 
                      "passionfruit", "grape" };

// Project an anonymous type that contains the
// index of the string in the source array, and
// a string that contains the same number of characters
// as the string's index in the source array.
var query =
    fruits.AsQueryable()
    .Select((fruit, index) =>
                new { index, str = fruit.Substring(0, index) });

foreach (var obj in query)
    Console.WriteLine("{0}", obj);

/*
    This code produces the following output:

    { index = 0, str =  }
    { index = 1, str = b }
    { index = 2, str = ma }
    { index = 3, str = ora }
    { index = 4, str = pass }
    { index = 5, str = grape }
*/

Dim fruits() As String = {"apple", "banana", "mango", "orange", _
                      "passionfruit", "grape"}

' Project an anonymous type that contains the
' index of the string in the source array, and
' a string that contains the same number of characters
' as the string's index in the source array.
Dim query = _
    fruits.AsQueryable() _
    .Select(Function(fruit, index) New With {index, .str = fruit.Substring(0, index)})

Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
For Each obj In query
    output.AppendLine(obj.ToString())
Next

' Display the output.
MsgBox(output.ToString())

' This code produces the following output:

' { index = 0, str =  }
' { index = 1, str = b }
' { index = 2, str = ma }
' { index = 3, str = ora }
' { index = 4, str = pass }
' { index = 5, str = grape }

Remarks

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>>) depend on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it invokes selector on each element of source to project it into a different form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>)

Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TResult>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::IQueryable<TResult> ^ Select(System::Linq::IQueryable<TSource> ^ source, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TSource, TResult> ^> ^ selector);
public static System.Linq.IQueryable<TResult> Select<TSource,TResult> (this System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource> source, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>> selector);
static member Select : System.Linq.IQueryable<'Source> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Source, 'Result>> -> System.Linq.IQueryable<'Result>
<Extension()>
Public Function Select(Of TSource, TResult) (source As IQueryable(Of TSource), selector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TResult))) As IQueryable(Of TResult)
Type Parameters
TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TResult

The type of the value returned by the function represented by selector.

Parameters
source
IQueryable<TSource>

A sequence of values to project.

selector
Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>

A projection function to apply to each element.

Returns
IQueryable<TResult>

An IQueryable<T> whose elements are the result of invoking a projection function on each element of source.

Exceptions

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) to project over a sequence of values.

List<int> range =
    new List<int> { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 };

// Project the square of each int value.
IEnumerable<int> squares =
    range.AsQueryable().Select(x => x * x);

foreach (int num in squares)
    Console.WriteLine(num);

/*
    This code produces the following output:

    1
    4
    9
    16
    25
    36
    49
    64
    81
    100
*/

Dim range As New List(Of Integer)(New Integer() {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10})

' Project the square of each int value.
Dim squares As IEnumerable(Of Integer) = _
    range.AsQueryable().Select(Function(x) x * x)

Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
For Each num As Integer In squares
    output.AppendLine(num)
Next

' Display the output.
MsgBox(output.ToString())

' This code produces the following output:

' 1
' 4
' 9
' 16
' 25
' 36
' 49
' 64
' 81
' 100

Remarks

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling Select<TSource,TResult>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TResult>>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it invokes selector on each element of source to project it into a different form.

Applies to