Queryable.ThenBy Queryable.ThenBy Queryable.ThenBy Queryable.ThenBy Method

Definition

Performs a subsequent ordering of the elements in a sequence in ascending order.

Overloads

ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>)

Performs a subsequent ordering of the elements in a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>)

Performs a subsequent ordering of the elements in a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>)

Performs a subsequent ordering of the elements in a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TKey>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ^ ThenBy(System::Linq::IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ^ source, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TSource, TKey> ^> ^ keySelector, System::Collections::Generic::IComparer<TKey> ^ comparer);
public static System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ThenBy<TSource,TKey> (this System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<TSource> source, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>> keySelector, System.Collections.Generic.IComparer<TKey> comparer);
static member ThenBy : System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<'Source> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Source, 'Key>> * System.Collections.Generic.IComparer<'Key> -> System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<'Source>
<Extension()>
Public Function ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey) (source As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey)), comparer As IComparer(Of TKey)) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TKey

The type of the key returned by the function represented by keySelector.

Parameters

source
IOrderedQueryable<TSource>

An IOrderedQueryable<T> that contains elements to sort.

keySelector
Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>

A function to extract a key from each element.

comparer
IComparer<TKey>

An IComparer<T> to compare keys.

Returns

An IOrderedQueryable<T> whose elements are sorted according to a key.

Exceptions

Remarks

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter. The result of calling CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) is cast to type IOrderedQueryable<T> and returned.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>, IComparer<TKey>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it performs a secondary sort of the elements of source based on the key obtained by invoking keySelector on each element of source. All previously established sort orders are preserved. The comparer parameter is used to compare key values.

ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>)

Performs a subsequent ordering of the elements in a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

public:
generic <typename TSource, typename TKey>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Linq::IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ^ ThenBy(System::Linq::IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ^ source, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TSource, TKey> ^> ^ keySelector);
public static System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<TSource> ThenBy<TSource,TKey> (this System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<TSource> source, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>> keySelector);
static member ThenBy : System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<'Source> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Source, 'Key>> -> System.Linq.IOrderedQueryable<'Source>
<Extension()>
Public Function ThenBy(Of TSource, TKey) (source As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource), keySelector As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, TKey))) As IOrderedQueryable(Of TSource)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TKey

The type of the key returned by the function represented by keySelector.

Parameters

source
IOrderedQueryable<TSource>

An IOrderedQueryable<T> that contains elements to sort.

keySelector
Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>

A function to extract a key from each element.

Returns

An IOrderedQueryable<T> whose elements are sorted according to a key.

Exceptions

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to use ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) to perform a secondary ordering of the elements in a sequence.

string[] fruits = { "grape", "passionfruit", "banana", "apple", 
                      "orange", "raspberry", "mango", "blueberry" };

// Sort the strings first by their length and then 
// alphabetically by passing the identity selector function.
IEnumerable<string> query =
    fruits.AsQueryable()
    .OrderBy(fruit => fruit.Length).ThenBy(fruit => fruit);

foreach (string fruit in query)
    Console.WriteLine(fruit);

/*
    This code produces the following output:

    apple
    grape
    mango
    banana
    orange
    blueberry
    raspberry
    passionfruit
*/

Dim fruits() As String = _
    {"grape", "passionfruit", "banana", "mango", _
     "orange", "raspberry", "apple", "blueberry"}

' Sort the strings first by their length and then 
' alphabetically by passing the identity selector function.
Dim query = fruits.AsQueryable() _
    .OrderBy(Function(fruit) fruit.Length).ThenBy(Function(fruit) fruit)

' Display the results.
Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
For Each fruit As String In query
    output.AppendLine(fruit)
Next
MsgBox(output.ToString())

'This code produces the following output:

'apple
'grape
'mango
'banana
'orange
'blueberry
'raspberry
'passionfruit

Remarks

This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

The ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter. The result of calling CreateQuery<TElement>(Expression) is cast to type IOrderedQueryable<T> and returned.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling ThenBy<TSource,TKey>(IOrderedQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,TKey>>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it performs a secondary sort of the elements of source based on the key obtained by invoking keySelector on each element of source. All previously established sort orders are preserved.

Applies to