Math.PI Math.PI Math.PI Math.PI Field

Definition

Represents the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter, specified by the constant, π.

public: double PI = 3.14159265358979;
public const double PI = 3.14159265358979;
val mutable PI : double
Public Const PI As Double  = 3.14159265358979
Field Value

Examples

The following example uses PI to assist in the computation of the inner angles of a given trapezoid.

/// <summary>
/// The following class represents simple functionality of the trapezoid.
/// </summary>
using namespace System;

public ref class MathTrapezoidSample
{
private:
   double m_longBase;
   double m_shortBase;
   double m_leftLeg;
   double m_rightLeg;

public:
   MathTrapezoidSample( double longbase, double shortbase, double leftLeg, double rightLeg )
   {
      m_longBase = Math::Abs( longbase );
      m_shortBase = Math::Abs( shortbase );
      m_leftLeg = Math::Abs( leftLeg );
      m_rightLeg = Math::Abs( rightLeg );
   }


private:
   double GetRightSmallBase()
   {
      return (Math::Pow( m_rightLeg, 2.0 ) - Math::Pow( m_leftLeg, 2.0 ) + Math::Pow( m_longBase, 2.0 ) + Math::Pow( m_shortBase, 2.0 ) - 2 * m_shortBase * m_longBase) / (2 * (m_longBase - m_shortBase));
   }


public:
   double GetHeight()
   {
      double x = GetRightSmallBase();
      return Math::Sqrt( Math::Pow( m_rightLeg, 2.0 ) - Math::Pow( x, 2.0 ) );
   }

   double GetSquare()
   {
      return GetHeight() * m_longBase / 2.0;
   }

   double GetLeftBaseRadianAngle()
   {
      double sinX = GetHeight() / m_leftLeg;
      return Math::Round( Math::Asin( sinX ), 2 );
   }

   double GetRightBaseRadianAngle()
   {
      double x = GetRightSmallBase();
      double cosX = (Math::Pow( m_rightLeg, 2.0 ) + Math::Pow( x, 2.0 ) - Math::Pow( GetHeight(), 2.0 )) / (2 * x * m_rightLeg);
      return Math::Round( Math::Acos( cosX ), 2 );
   }

   double GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle()
   {
      double x = GetLeftBaseRadianAngle() * 180 / Math::PI;
      return Math::Round( x, 2 );
   }

   double GetRightBaseDegreeAngle()
   {
      double x = GetRightBaseRadianAngle() * 180 / Math::PI;
      return Math::Round( x, 2 );
   }

};

int main()
{
   MathTrapezoidSample^ trpz = gcnew MathTrapezoidSample( 20.0,10.0,8.0,6.0 );
   Console::WriteLine( "The trapezoid's bases are 20.0 and 10.0, the trapezoid's legs are 8.0 and 6.0" );
   double h = trpz->GetHeight();
   Console::WriteLine( "Trapezoid height is: {0}", h.ToString() );
   double dxR = trpz->GetLeftBaseRadianAngle();
   Console::WriteLine( "Trapezoid left base angle is: {0} Radians", dxR.ToString() );
   double dyR = trpz->GetRightBaseRadianAngle();
   Console::WriteLine( "Trapezoid right base angle is: {0} Radians", dyR.ToString() );
   double dxD = trpz->GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle();
   Console::WriteLine( "Trapezoid left base angle is: {0} Degrees", dxD.ToString() );
   double dyD = trpz->GetRightBaseDegreeAngle();
   Console::WriteLine( "Trapezoid left base angle is: {0} Degrees", dyD.ToString() );
}
/// <summary>
/// The following class represents simple functionality of the trapezoid.
/// </summary>
using System;

namespace MathClassCS
{
	class MathTrapezoidSample
	{
		private double m_longBase;
		private double m_shortBase;
		private double m_leftLeg;
		private double m_rightLeg;

		public MathTrapezoidSample(double longbase, double shortbase, double leftLeg, double rightLeg)
		{
			m_longBase = Math.Abs(longbase);
			m_shortBase = Math.Abs(shortbase);
			m_leftLeg = Math.Abs(leftLeg);
			m_rightLeg = Math.Abs(rightLeg);
		}

		private double GetRightSmallBase()
		{
			return (Math.Pow(m_rightLeg,2.0) - Math.Pow(m_leftLeg,2.0) + Math.Pow(m_longBase,2.0) + Math.Pow(m_shortBase,2.0) - 2* m_shortBase * m_longBase)/ (2*(m_longBase - m_shortBase));
		}

		public double GetHeight()
		{
			double x = GetRightSmallBase();
			return Math.Sqrt(Math.Pow(m_rightLeg,2.0) - Math.Pow(x,2.0));
		}

		public double GetSquare()
		{
			return GetHeight() * m_longBase / 2.0;
		}

		public double GetLeftBaseRadianAngle()
		{
			double sinX = GetHeight()/m_leftLeg;
			return Math.Round(Math.Asin(sinX),2);
		}

		public double GetRightBaseRadianAngle()
		{
			double x = GetRightSmallBase();
			double cosX = (Math.Pow(m_rightLeg,2.0) + Math.Pow(x,2.0) - Math.Pow(GetHeight(),2.0))/(2*x*m_rightLeg);
			return Math.Round(Math.Acos(cosX),2);
		}

		public double GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle()
		{
			double x = GetLeftBaseRadianAngle() * 180/ Math.PI;
			return Math.Round(x,2);
		}

		public double GetRightBaseDegreeAngle()
		{
			double x = GetRightBaseRadianAngle() * 180/ Math.PI;
			return Math.Round(x,2);
		}

		static void Main(string[] args)
		{
			MathTrapezoidSample trpz = new MathTrapezoidSample(20.0, 10.0, 8.0, 6.0);
			Console.WriteLine("The trapezoid's bases are 20.0 and 10.0, the trapezoid's legs are 8.0 and 6.0");
			double h = trpz.GetHeight();
			Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid height is: " + h.ToString());
			double dxR = trpz.GetLeftBaseRadianAngle();
			Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dxR.ToString() + " Radians");
			double dyR = trpz.GetRightBaseRadianAngle();
			Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid right base angle is: " + dyR.ToString() + " Radians");
			double dxD = trpz.GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle();
			Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dxD.ToString() + " Degrees");
			double dyD = trpz.GetRightBaseDegreeAngle();
			Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dyD.ToString() + " Degrees");
		}
	}
}
'The following class represents simple functionality of the trapezoid.
Class MathTrapezoidSample

    Private m_longBase As Double
    Private m_shortBase As Double
    Private m_leftLeg As Double
    Private m_rightLeg As Double

    Public Sub New(ByVal longbase As Double, ByVal shortbase As Double, ByVal leftLeg As Double, ByVal rightLeg As Double)
        m_longBase = Math.Abs(longbase)
        m_shortBase = Math.Abs(shortbase)
        m_leftLeg = Math.Abs(leftLeg)
        m_rightLeg = Math.Abs(rightLeg)
    End Sub

    Private Function GetRightSmallBase() As Double
        GetRightSmallBase = (Math.Pow(m_rightLeg, 2) - Math.Pow(m_leftLeg, 2) + Math.Pow(m_longBase, 2) + Math.Pow(m_shortBase, 2) - 2 * m_shortBase * m_longBase) / (2 * (m_longBase - m_shortBase))
    End Function

    Public Function GetHeight() As Double
        Dim x As Double = GetRightSmallBase()
        GetHeight = Math.Sqrt(Math.Pow(m_rightLeg, 2) - Math.Pow(x, 2))
    End Function

    Public Function GetSquare() As Double
        GetSquare = GetHeight() * m_longBase / 2
    End Function

    Public Function GetLeftBaseRadianAngle() As Double
        Dim sinX As Double = GetHeight() / m_leftLeg
        GetLeftBaseRadianAngle = Math.Round(Math.Asin(sinX), 2)
    End Function

    Public Function GetRightBaseRadianAngle() As Double
        Dim x As Double = GetRightSmallBase()
        Dim cosX As Double = (Math.Pow(m_rightLeg, 2) + Math.Pow(x, 2) - Math.Pow(GetHeight(), 2)) / (2 * x * m_rightLeg)
        GetRightBaseRadianAngle = Math.Round(Math.Acos(cosX), 2)
    End Function

    Public Function GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle() As Double
        Dim x As Double = GetLeftBaseRadianAngle() * 180 / Math.PI
        GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle = Math.Round(x, 2)
    End Function

    Public Function GetRightBaseDegreeAngle() As Double
        Dim x As Double = GetRightBaseRadianAngle() * 180 / Math.PI
        GetRightBaseDegreeAngle = Math.Round(x, 2)
    End Function

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim trpz As MathTrapezoidSample = New MathTrapezoidSample(20, 10, 8, 6)
        Console.WriteLine("The trapezoid's bases are 20.0 and 10.0, the trapezoid's legs are 8.0 and 6.0")
        Dim h As Double = trpz.GetHeight()
        Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid height is: " + h.ToString())
        Dim dxR As Double = trpz.GetLeftBaseRadianAngle()
        Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dxR.ToString() + " Radians")
        Dim dyR As Double = trpz.GetRightBaseRadianAngle()
        Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid right base angle is: " + dyR.ToString() + " Radians")
        Dim dxD As Double = trpz.GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle()
        Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dxD.ToString() + " Degrees")
        Dim dyD As Double = trpz.GetRightBaseDegreeAngle()
        Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dyD.ToString() + " Degrees")
    End Sub
End Class

Remarks

The value of this field is 3.14159265358979323846.

Applies to