MailMessage.AlternateViews Property

Definition

Gets the attachment collection used to store alternate forms of the message body.

public:
 property System::Net::Mail::AlternateViewCollection ^ AlternateViews { System::Net::Mail::AlternateViewCollection ^ get(); };
public System.Net.Mail.AlternateViewCollection AlternateViews { get; }
member this.AlternateViews : System.Net.Mail.AlternateViewCollection
Public ReadOnly Property AlternateViews As AlternateViewCollection

Property Value

AlternateViewCollection

A writable AlternateViewCollection.

Examples

The following code example demonstrates creating and sending an email message with a plain text and an HTML alternate view.

static void CreateMessageWithMultipleViews( String^ server, String^ recipients )
{
   
   // Create a message and set up the recipients.
   MailMessage^ message = gcnew MailMessage( L"jane@contoso.com",recipients,L"This email message has multiple views.",L"This is some plain text." );
   
   // Construct the alternate body as HTML.
   String^ body = L"<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC \"-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN\">";
   body = String::Concat( body, L"<HTML><HEAD><META http-equiv=Content-Type content=\"text/html; charset=iso-8859-1\">" );
   body = String::Concat( body, L"</HEAD><BODY><DIV><FONT face=Arial color=#ff0000 size=2>this is some HTML text" );
   body = String::Concat( body, L"</FONT></DIV></BODY></HTML>" );
   
   // Add the alternate body to the message.
   AlternateView^ alternate = AlternateView::CreateAlternateViewFromString(body);
   message->AlternateViews->Add(alternate);

   // Send the message.
   SmtpClient^ client = gcnew SmtpClient( server );
   client->Credentials = CredentialCache::DefaultNetworkCredentials;
   client->Send( message );
   
   // Display the values in the ContentType for the attachment.
   ContentType^ c = alternate->ContentType;
   Console::WriteLine( L"Content type" );
   Console::WriteLine( c );
   Console::WriteLine( L"Boundary {0}", c->Boundary );
   Console::WriteLine( L"CharSet {0}", c->CharSet );
   Console::WriteLine( L"MediaType {0}", c->MediaType );
   Console::WriteLine( L"Name {0}", c->Name );
   Console::WriteLine( L"Parameters: {0}", c->Parameters->Count );
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = c->Parameters->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      DictionaryEntry^ d = safe_cast<DictionaryEntry^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( L"{0} = {1}", d->Key, d->Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
   alternate->~AlternateView();
}


public static void CreateMessageWithMultipleViews(string server, string recipients)
{
    // Create a message and set up the recipients.
    MailMessage message = new MailMessage(
        "jane@contoso.com",
        recipients,
        "This email message has multiple views.",
        "This is some plain text.");

    // Construct the alternate body as HTML.
    string body = "<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC \"-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN\">";
    body += "<HTML><HEAD><META http-equiv=Content-Type content=\"text/html; charset=iso-8859-1\">";
    body += "</HEAD><BODY><DIV><FONT face=Arial color=#ff0000 size=2>this is some HTML text";
    body += "</FONT></DIV></BODY></HTML>";

    ContentType mimeType = new System.Net.Mime.ContentType("text/html");
    // Add the alternate body to the message.

    AlternateView alternate = AlternateView.CreateAlternateViewFromString(body, mimeType);
    message.AlternateViews.Add(alternate);

    // Send the message.
    SmtpClient client = new SmtpClient(server);
    client.Credentials = CredentialCache.DefaultNetworkCredentials;

    try
    {
        client.Send(message);
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Exception caught in CreateMessageWithMultipleViews(): {0}",
            ex.ToString());
    }
    // Display the values in the ContentType for the attachment.
    ContentType c = alternate.ContentType;
    Console.WriteLine("Content type");
    Console.WriteLine(c.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("Boundary {0}", c.Boundary);
    Console.WriteLine("CharSet {0}", c.CharSet);
    Console.WriteLine("MediaType {0}", c.MediaType);
    Console.WriteLine("Name {0}", c.Name);
    Console.WriteLine("Parameters: {0}", c.Parameters.Count);
    foreach (DictionaryEntry d in c.Parameters)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", d.Key, d.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine();
    alternate.Dispose();
}
Public Shared Sub CreateMessageWithMultipleViews(ByVal server As String, ByVal recipients As String)
    ' Create a message and set up the recipients.
    Dim message As MailMessage = New MailMessage(
        "jane@contoso.com",
        recipients,
        "This email message has multiple views.",
        "This is some plain text.")

    ' Construct the alternate body as HTML.
    Dim body As String = "<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC ""-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN"">"
    body += "<HTML><HEAD><META http-equiv=Content-Type content=""text/html; charset=iso-8859-1"">"
    body += "</HEAD><BODY><DIV><FONT face=Arial color=#ff0000 size=2>this is some HTML text"
    body += "</FONT></DIV></BODY></HTML>"

    Dim mimeType As ContentType = New System.Net.Mime.ContentType("text/html")

    ' Add the alternate body to the message.
    Dim alternate As AlternateView = AlternateView.CreateAlternateViewFromString(body, mimeType)
    message.AlternateViews.Add(alternate)

    ' Send the message.
    Dim client As SmtpClient = New SmtpClient(server)
    client.Credentials = CredentialCache.DefaultNetworkCredentials

    Try
        client.Send(message)
    Catch ex As Exception
        Console.WriteLine("Exception caught in CreateMessageWithMultipleViews(): {0}", ex.ToString())
    End Try

    ' Display the values in the ContentType for the attachment.
    Dim c As ContentType = alternate.ContentType
    Console.WriteLine("Content type")
    Console.WriteLine(c.ToString())
    Console.WriteLine("Boundary {0}", c.Boundary)
    Console.WriteLine("CharSet {0}", c.CharSet)
    Console.WriteLine("MediaType {0}", c.MediaType)
    Console.WriteLine("Name {0}", c.Name)
    Console.WriteLine("Parameters: {0}", c.Parameters.Count)

    For Each d As DictionaryEntry In c.Parameters
        Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", d.Key, d.Value)
    Next

    Console.WriteLine()
    alternate.Dispose()
End Sub

Remarks

Use the AlternateViews property to specify copies of an email message in different formats. For example, if you send a message in HTML, you might also want to provide a plain text version in case some of the recipients use email readers that cannot display HTML content.

To add an alternate view to a MailMessage object, create an Attachment for the view, and then add it to the collection returned by AlternateViews. Use the Body property to specify the text version and use the AlternateViews collection to specify views with other MIME types. Use the MediaTypeNames class members to specify the MIME type for the alternate view.

Applies to