SmtpException SmtpException SmtpException SmtpException Class

Definition

Represents the exception that is thrown when the SmtpClient is not able to complete a Send or SendAsync operation.

public ref class SmtpException : Exception
[System.Serializable]
public class SmtpException : Exception
type SmtpException = class
    inherit Exception
    interface ISerializable
Public Class SmtpException
Inherits Exception
Inheritance
SmtpExceptionSmtpExceptionSmtpExceptionSmtpException
Derived
Attributes
Implements

Examples

The following code example displays an error message when the SmtpException exception is thrown.

static void RetryIfBusy( String^ server )
{
   MailAddress^ from = gcnew MailAddress( L"ben@contoso.com" );
   MailAddress^ to = gcnew MailAddress( L"jane@contoso.com" );
   MailMessage^ message = gcnew MailMessage( from,to );
   
   // message.Subject = "Using the SmtpClient class.";
   message->Subject = L"Using the SmtpClient class.";
   message->Body = L"Using this feature, you can send an email message from an application very easily.";
   
   // Add a carbon copy recipient.
   MailAddress^ copy = gcnew MailAddress( L"Notifications@contoso.com" );
   message->CC->Add( copy );
   SmtpClient^ client = gcnew SmtpClient( server );
   
   // Include credentials if the server requires them.
   client->Credentials = dynamic_cast<ICredentialsByHost^>(CredentialCache::DefaultNetworkCredentials);
   Console::WriteLine( L"Sending an email message to {0} using the SMTP host {1}.", to->Address, client->Host );
   try
   {
      client->Send( message );
   }
   catch ( SmtpFailedRecipientsException^ ex ) 
   {
      for ( int i = 0; i < ex->InnerExceptions->Length; i++ )
      {
         SmtpStatusCode status = ex->InnerExceptions[ i ]->StatusCode;
         if ( status == SmtpStatusCode::MailboxBusy || status == SmtpStatusCode::MailboxUnavailable )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Delivery failed - retrying in 5 seconds." );
            System::Threading::Thread::Sleep( 5000 );
            client->Send( message );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Failed to deliver message to {0}", ex->InnerExceptions[ i ] );
         }

      }
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex )
   {
       Console::WriteLine(L"Exception caught in RetryIfBusy(): {0}", 
                     ex->ToString() );
   }
   finally
   {
      client->~SmtpClient();
   }
}


public static void RetryIfBusy(string server)
{
    MailAddress from = new MailAddress("ben@contoso.com");
    MailAddress to = new MailAddress("jane@contoso.com");
    MailMessage message = new MailMessage(from, to);
    // message.Subject = "Using the SmtpClient class.";
    message.Subject = "Using the SmtpClient class.";
    message.Body = @"Using this feature, you can send an email message from an application very easily.";
    // Add a carbon copy recipient.
    MailAddress copy = new MailAddress("Notifications@contoso.com");
    message.CC.Add(copy);
    SmtpClient client = new SmtpClient(server);
    // Include credentials if the server requires them.
    client.Credentials = (ICredentialsByHost)CredentialCache.DefaultNetworkCredentials;
    Console.WriteLine("Sending an email message to {0} using the SMTP host {1}.",
         to.Address, client.Host);
    try
    {
        client.Send(message);
    }
    catch (SmtpFailedRecipientsException ex)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < ex.InnerExceptions.Length; i++)
        {
            SmtpStatusCode status = ex.InnerExceptions[i].StatusCode;
            if (status == SmtpStatusCode.MailboxBusy ||
                status == SmtpStatusCode.MailboxUnavailable)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Delivery failed - retrying in 5 seconds.");
                System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(5000);
                client.Send(message);
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Failed to deliver message to {0}", 
                    ex.InnerExceptions[i].FailedRecipient);
            }
        }
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Exception caught in RetryIfBusy(): {0}", 
                ex.ToString() );
    }
}

Remarks

The StatusCode property contains the status code returned by the SMTP server.

Constructors

SmtpException() SmtpException() SmtpException() SmtpException()

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class.

SmtpException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) SmtpException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) SmtpException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) SmtpException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class from the specified instances of the SerializationInfo and StreamingContext classes.

SmtpException(SmtpStatusCode) SmtpException(SmtpStatusCode) SmtpException(SmtpStatusCode) SmtpException(SmtpStatusCode)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class with the specified status code.

SmtpException(SmtpStatusCode, String) SmtpException(SmtpStatusCode, String) SmtpException(SmtpStatusCode, String) SmtpException(SmtpStatusCode, String)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class with the specified status code and error message.

SmtpException(String) SmtpException(String) SmtpException(String) SmtpException(String)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class with the specified error message.

SmtpException(String, Exception) SmtpException(String, Exception) SmtpException(String, Exception) SmtpException(String, Exception)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class with the specified error message and inner exception.

Properties

Data Data Data Data

Gets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
HelpLink HelpLink HelpLink HelpLink

Gets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
HResult HResult HResult HResult

Gets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
InnerException InnerException InnerException InnerException

Gets the Exception instance that caused the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
Message Message Message Message

Gets a message that describes the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)
Source Source Source Source

Gets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error.

(Inherited from Exception)
StackTrace StackTrace StackTrace StackTrace

Gets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack.

(Inherited from Exception)
StatusCode StatusCode StatusCode StatusCode

Gets the status code returned by an SMTP server when an email message is transmitted.

TargetSite TargetSite TargetSite TargetSite

Gets the method that throws the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

Methods

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetBaseException() GetBaseException() GetBaseException() GetBaseException()

When overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions.

(Inherited from Exception)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Populates a SerializationInfo instance with the data needed to serialize the SmtpException.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Gets the runtime type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Exception)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Creates and returns a string representation of the current exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

Explicit Interface Implementations

ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext) ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

Populates a SerializationInfo instance with the data needed to serialize the SmtpException.

Events

SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState SerializeObjectState

Occurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception.

(Inherited from Exception)

Applies to